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Université de Fribourg

Enigmatic dinosaur precursors bridge the gap to the origin of Pterosauria

Ezcurra, Martín D. ; Nesbitt, Sterling J. ; Bronzati, Mario ; Vecchia, Fabio Marco Dalla ; Agnolin, Federico L. ; Benson, Roger B. J. ; Egli, Federico Brissón ; Cabreira, Sergio F. ; Evers, Serjoscha W. ; Gentil, Adriel R. ; Irmis, Randall B. ; Martinelli, Agustín G. ; Novas, Fernando E. ; Silva, Lúcio Roberto da ; Smith, Nathan D. ; Stocker, Michelle R. ; Turner, Alan H. ; Langer, Max C.

In: Nature, 2020, vol. 588, no. 2020-7838, p. 445–449

Pterosaurs were the first vertebrates to evolve powered flight1 and comprised one of the main evolutionary radiations in terrestrial ecosystems of the Mesozoic era (approximately 252–66 million years ago), but their origin has remained an unresolved enigma in palaeontology since the nineteenth century2,3,4. These flying reptiles have been hypothesized to be the close relatives of a wide...

Università della Svizzera italiana

Gender inequality in knowledge-based organizations : Evidence from R&D scientists in STEM fields 1985 – 2010

Rua Gomez, Carla Carolina ; Carnabuci, Gianluca (Dir.)

Thèse de doctorat : Università della Svizzera italiana, 2020 ; 2020ECO009.

This dissertation examines how intra-organizational networks interact with individual and macro-level characteristics to affect employees’ innovativeness and access to social capital in knowledge-based organizations. Primarily, my dissertation focuses on how such intra- organizational network dynamics limit or perpetuate gender inequality in the workplace. For example, I demonstrate that to...

Université de Fribourg

Integrated bio- and cyclostratigraphy of Middle Triassic (Anisian) ramp deposits, NW Bulgaria

Ajdanlijsky, George ; Strasser, André ; Götz, Annette E.

In: Geologica Carpathica, 2019, vol. 70, no. 4, p. 325–354

A cyclostratigraphic interpretation of peritidal to shallow-marine ramp deposits of the early Middle Triassic (Anisian) Opletnya Member exposed in outcrops along the Iskar River gorge, NW Bulgaria, is presented. Based on facies trends and bounding surfaces, depositional sequences of several orders can be identified. New biostratigraphic data provide a time frame of the studied succession with...

Università della Svizzera italiana

Conformational occlusion of blockade antibody epitopes, a novel mechanism of GII.4 human norovirus immune evasion

Lindesmith, Lisa C. ; Mallory, Michael L. ; Debbink, Kari ; Donaldson, Eric F. ; Brewer-Jensen, Paul D. ; Swann, Excel W. ; Sheahan, Timothy P. ; Graham, Rachel L. ; Beltramello, Martina ; Corti, Davide ; Lanzavecchia, Antonio ; Baric, Ralph S.

In: mSphere, 2018, vol. 3, no. 1, p. e00518-17

Extensive antigenic diversity within the GII.4 genotype of human norovirus is a major driver of pandemic emergence and a significant obstacle to development of cross- protective immunity after natural infection and vaccination. However, human and mouse monoclonal antibody studies indicate that, although rare, antibodies to conserved GII.4 blockade epitopes are generated. The mechanisms by...

Università della Svizzera italiana

Serum immunoglobulin a cross-strain blockade of human noroviruses

Lindesmith, Lisa C. ; Beltramello, Martina ; Swanstrom, Jesica ; Jones, Taylor A. ; Corti, Davide ; Lanzavecchia, Antonio ; Baric, Ralph S.

In: Open forum infectious diseases, 2015, vol. 2, no. 3, p. ofv084

Background: Human noroviruses are the leading cause of acute viral gastroenteritis, justifying vaccine development despite a limited understanding of strain immunity. After genogroup I (GI).1 norovirus infection and immunization, blockade antibody titers to multiple virus-like particles (VLPs) increase, suggesting that GI cross-protection may occur. Methods: Immunoglobulin (Ig)A was purified...

Università della Svizzera italiana

The neonatal Fc receptor (FcRn) enhances human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) transcytosis across epithelial cells

Gupta, Sandeep ; Gach, Johannes S. ; Becerra, Juan C. ; Phan, Tran B. ; Pudney, Jeffrey ; Moldoveanu, Zina ; Joseph, Sarah B. ; Landucci, Gary ; Supnet, Medalyn Jude ; Ping, Li-Hua ; Corti, Davide ; Moldt, Brian ; Hel, Zdenek ; Lanzavecchia, Antonio ; Ruprecht, Ruth M. ; Burton, Dennis R. ; Mestecky, Jiri ; Anderson, Deborah J. ; Forthal, Donald N.

In: Plos pathogens, 2013, vol. 9, no. 11, p. e1003776

The mechanisms by which human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) crosses mucosal surfaces to establish infection are unknown. Acidic genital secretions of HIV-1-infected women contain HIV-1 likely coated by antibody. We found that the combination of acidic pH and Env- specific IgG, including that from cervicovaginal and seminal fluids of HIV-1-infected individuals, augmented transcytosis...