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Université de Fribourg

Enigmatic dinosaur precursors bridge the gap to the origin of Pterosauria

Ezcurra, Martín D. ; Nesbitt, Sterling J. ; Bronzati, Mario ; Vecchia, Fabio Marco Dalla ; Agnolin, Federico L. ; Benson, Roger B. J. ; Egli, Federico Brissón ; Cabreira, Sergio F. ; Evers, Serjoscha W. ; Gentil, Adriel R. ; Irmis, Randall B. ; Martinelli, Agustín G. ; Novas, Fernando E. ; Silva, Lúcio Roberto da ; Smith, Nathan D. ; Stocker, Michelle R. ; Turner, Alan H. ; Langer, Max C.

In: Nature, 2020, vol. 588, no. 2020-7838, p. 445–449

Pterosaurs were the first vertebrates to evolve powered flight1 and comprised one of the main evolutionary radiations in terrestrial ecosystems of the Mesozoic era (approximately 252–66 million years ago), but their origin has remained an unresolved enigma in palaeontology since the nineteenth century2,3,4. These flying reptiles have been hypothesized to be the close relatives of a wide...

Université de Fribourg

Diffusing wave microrheology of highly scattering concentrated monodisperse emulsions

Kim, Ha Seong ; Şenbil, Nesrin ; Zhang, Chi ; Scheffold, Frank ; Mason, Thomas G.

In: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 2019, vol. 116, no. 16, p. 7766–7771

Motivated by improvements in diffusing wave spectroscopy (DWS) for nonergodic, highly optically scattering soft matter and by cursory treatment of collective scattering effects in prior DWS microrheology experiments, we investigate the low-frequency plateau elastic shear moduli G′p of concentrated, monodisperse, disordered oil-in- water emulsions as droplets jam. In such experiments, the...

Université de Fribourg

Preliminary observations on the bone histology of the Middle Triassic pseudosuchian archosaur Batrachotomus kupferzellensis reveal fast growth with laminar fibrolamellar bone tissue

Klein, Nicole ; Foth, Christian ; Schoch, Rainer R.

In: Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, 2017, vol. 37, no. 4, p. e1333121

The bone tissue of femur, rib, and gastralia from three different individuals of the Middle Triassic pseudosuchian Batrachotomus kupferzellensis from southern Germany is studied. The femoral bone tissue comprises laminar fibrolamellar bone tissue throughout and is stratified by three annual growth cycles, indicating that the individual died early in its fourth year of life, at which time it...

Université de Fribourg

Digital reconstruction of the inner ear of Leptictidium auderiense (Leptictida, Mammalia) and North American leptictids reveals new insight into leptictidan locomotor agility

Ruf, Irina ; Volpato, Virginie ; Rose, Kenneth D. ; Billet, Guillaume ; Muizon, Christian de ; Lehmann, Thomas

In: Paläontologische Zeitschrift, 2016, vol. 90, no. 1, p. 153–171

Leptictida are basal Paleocene to Oligocene eutherians from Europe and North America comprising species with highly specialized postcranial features including elongated hind limbs. Among them, the European Leptictidium was probably a bipedal runner or jumper. Because the semicircular canals of the inner ear are involved in detecting angular acceleration of the head, their morphometry can be...

Université de Fribourg

Unappreciated diversification of stem archosaurs during the Middle Triassic predated the dominance of dinosaurs

Foth, Christian ; Ezcurra, Martín D. ; Sookias, Roland B. ; Brusatte, Stephen L. ; Butler, Richard J.

In: BMC Evolutionary Biology, 2016, vol. 16, p. 188

Archosauromorpha originated in the middle–late Permian, radiated during the Triassic, and gave rise to the crown group Archosauria, a highly successful clade of reptiles in terrestrial ecosystems over the last 250 million years. However, scientific attention has mainly focused on the diversification of archosaurs, while their stem lineage (i.e. non- archosaurian archosauromorphs) has often...

Université de Fribourg

The origin of turtles: A paleontological perspective

Joyce, Walter G.

In: Journal of Experimental Zoology Part B: Molecular and Developmental Evolution, 2015, p. -

The origin of turtles and their unusual body plan has fascinated scientists for the last two centuries. Over the course of the last decades, a broad sample of molecular analyses have favored a sister group relationship of turtles with archosaurs, but recent studies reveal that this signal may be the result of systematic biases affecting molecular approaches, in particular sampling, non-randomly...

Bibliothèque cantonale jurassienne

The socio-sexual behaviour of extant archosaurs : implications for understanding dinosaur behaviour

Isles, Timothy E.

In: Historical biology : an international journal of paleobiology, 2009, vol. 21, no. 3-4, p. 139-214

Bibliothèque cantonale jurassienne

Archosaur evolution during the Jurassic : a southern perspective

Rauhut, Oliver W.M ; López-Arbarello, Adriana

In: Revista de la Asociación Geológica Argentina, 2008, vol. 63, no. 4, p. 557-585