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Université de Fribourg

Holistic view on cell survival and dna damage: how model-based data analysis supports exploration of dynamics in biological systems

Weyland, Mathias S. ; Thumser-Henner, Pauline ; Nytko, Katarzyna J. ; Rohrer Bley, Carla ; Ulzega, Simone ; Petri-Fink, Alke ; Lattuada, Marco ; Füchslin, Rudolf M. ; Scheidegger, Stephan

In: Computational and Mathematical Methods in Medicine, 2020, vol. 2020, p. 1–11

In this work, a method is established to calibrate a model that describes the basic dynamics of DNA damage and repair. The model can be used to extend planning for radiotherapy and hyperthermia in order to include the biological effects. In contrast to “syntactic” models (e.g., describing molecular kinetics), the model used here describes radiobiological semantics, resulting in a more...

Université de Fribourg

A revision of the pelomedusoid turtle Jainemys pisdurensis from the Late Cretaceous (Maastrichtian) Lameta Formation of India

Joyce, Walter G. ; Bandyopadhyay, Saswati

In: PeerJ, 2020, vol. 8, p. e9330

Background: Jainemys pisdurensis comb. nov. is an extinct pleurodiran turtle from the Late Cretaceous (Maastrichtian) of India, previously referred to Carteremys and Shweboemys. The holotype, an eroded skull, had been collected near the village of Pisdura, south of Nagpur, in Maharashtra State, while all referred shell material originates from coeval sediments exposed at the nearby village of...

Université de Fribourg

A reevaluation of the basal turtle Indochelys spatulata from the Early–Middle Jurassic (Toarcian–Aalenian) of India, with descriptions of new material

Joyce, Walter G. ; Bandyopadhyay, Saswati

In: PeerJ, 2020, vol. 8, p. e8542

Background Indochelys spatulata is an extinct turtle from the Early to Middle Jurassic Kota Formation of the Pranhita–Godavari Gondwana basin, India. The holotype and previously only known specimen is a partially eroded shell that had been collected near Kota village, north of Sironcha, in Maharashtra State. Phylogenetic analyses have consistently suggested placement at the base of the...

Interkantonale Hochschule für Heilpädagogik Zürich HfH

Einsatz von RedeflussKompass 3.0 zur Früherkennung und StotterKompass zur Ersterfassung/Erstberatung

Kohler, Jürgen ; Braun, Wolfgang

In: Forschung Sprache, 2019, no. 3, p. 3-24

Hintergrund: Auf dem Hintergrund von wenig befriedigenden Ergebnissen bei der Evaluation von Screeninginstrumenten zur Identifikation des beginnenden Stotterns im deutschsprachigen Raum wurde eine optimierte Version des RedeflussKompasses und der neu geschaffene StotterKompass einer intensiven Überprüfung unterzogen. Fragestellung/Ziele: Die Untersuchung zielte auf die Erkundung von...

Université de Neuchâtel

Do Integration Policies Affect Immigrants' Voluntary Engagement? An Exploration at Switzerland's Subnational Level

Manatschal, Anita ; Stadelmann-Steffen, Isabelle

In: Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies, 2014, vol. 40, no. 3, p. 404-423

This paper investigates whether integration policies influence immigrants' propensity to volunteer, the latter being an important element of immigrants' integration into the host society. By distinguishing different categories of integration policies at Switzerland's subnational level and applying a Bayesian multilevel approach, our results suggest varying policy effects: while policies fostering...

Haute Ecole de Travail Social

Transkulturalität : Aufwachsen tamilischer Secondas in der Schweiz

Shamini Luisier, Christina ; Christen, Ursula (Dir.)

Mémoire de bachelor : Haute Ecole de Travail Social, 2019.

J’ai réalisé ce travail de bachelor dans le cadre de mes études en travail social à la HESSO à Sierre. Le sujet principal s’axe sur l’étude de jeunes femmes tamoules de la deuxième génération vivant en Suisse. Il contient une analyse de leur vécu de la transculturalité. L'une des raisons pour lesquelles j'ai choisi ce thème est mon grand intérêt pour les sujets culturels et...

Université de Fribourg

Ecological constraints coupled with deep-time habitat dynamics predict the latitudinal diversity gradient in reef fishes

Gaboriau, Théo ; Albouy, Camille ; Descombes, Patrice ; Mouillot, David ; Pellissier, Loïc ; Leprieur, Fabien

In: Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 2019, vol. 286, no. 1911, p. 20191506

We develop a spatially explicit model of diversification based on palaeohabitat to explore the predictions of four major hypotheses potentially explaining the latitudinal diversity gradient (LDG), namely, the ‘time-area’, ‘tropical niche conservatism’, ‘ecological limits’ and ‘evolutionary speed’ hypotheses. We compare simulation outputs to observed diversity gradients in the...

Université de Fribourg

Enhancing scientific communication skills: a real-world simulation in a tertiary-level life science class using e-learning technology in biomedical literature perception, reflective review writing on a clinical issue, and self and peer assessments

Eppler, Elisabeth ; Meyer, Jan ; Serowy, Steffen ; Link, Karl ; Pauk, Barbara ; Filgueira, Luis

In: Research in Science Education, 2018, p. -

This educational study aimed to explore the feasibility and acceptance of a literacy exercise adopted from the realworld of scientific publishing in a cell and tissue biology course. For that purpose, a tertiary-level multimodality science course, which integrated a blended learning faculty and student lectures, journal club, and wet laboratory sessions including a research project as well as...

Université de Fribourg

The diversity of population responses to environmental change

Colchero, Fernando ; Jones, Owen R. ; Conde, Dalia A. ; Hodgson, David ; Zajitschek, Felix ; Schmidt, Benedikt R. ; Malo, Aurelio F. ; Alberts, Susan C. ; Becker, Peter H. ; Bouwhuis, Sandra ; Bronikowski, Anne M. ; Vleeschouwer, Kristel M. ; Delahay, Richard J. ; Dummermuth, Stefan ; Fernández‐Duque, Eduardo ; Frisenvænge, John ; Hesselsøe, Martin ; Larson, Sam ; Lemaître, Jean‐François ; McDonald, Jennifer ; Miller, David A.W. ; O'Donnell, Colin ; Packer, Craig ; Raboy, Becky E. ; Reading, Chris J. ; Wapstra, Erik ; Weimerskirch, Henri ; While, Geoffrey M. ; Baudisch, Annette ; Flatt, Thomas ; Coulson, Tim ; Gaillard, Jean‐Michel

In: Ecology Letters, 2019, p. -

The current extinction and climate change crises pressure us to predict population dynamics with ever‐greater accuracy. Although predictions rest on the well‐advanced theory of age‐structured populations, two key issues remain poorly explored. Specifically, how the age‐dependency in demographic rates and the year‐to‐year interactions between survival and fecundity affect...