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Haute école de gestion de Genève

The implication of the new labor clauses in the USMCA on labor market and trade between the United States, Mexico and Canada

Stäuble, Mathieu ; Matile, Laurent (Dir.)

Mémoire de bachelor : Haute école de gestion de Genève, 2020 ; TDIBM 93.

The North American continent has implemented different free trade agreements throughout the years. From the Canadian-United States Free Trade Agreement (CUSFTA) reached in 1989, between Canada and the United States and quickly replaced by the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) in 1994 with the addition of Mexico to the agreement. After 26 years of existence and divergent opinions...

Université de Fribourg

MAcroecological Framework for Invasive Aliens (MAFIA): disentangling large-scale context dependence in biological invasions

Pyšek, Petr ; Bacher, Sven ; Kühn, Ingolf ; Novoa, Ana ; Catford, Jane A. ; Hulme, Philip E. ; Pergl, Jan ; Richardson, David M. ; Wilson, John R. U. ; Blackburn, Tim M.

In: NeoBiota, 2020, vol. 62, p. 407–461

Macroecology is the study of patterns, and the processes that determine those patterns, in the distribution and abundance of organisms at large scales, whether they be spatial (from hundreds of kilometres to global), temporal (from decades to centuries), and organismal (numbers of species or higher taxa). In the context of invasion ecology, macroecological studies include, for example,...

Université de Fribourg

Frameworks used in invasion science: progress and prospects

Wilson, John R.U. ; Bacher, Sven ; Daehler, Curtis C. ; Groom, Quentin J. ; Kumschick, Sabrina ; Lockwood, Julie L. ; Robinson, Tamara B. ; Zengeya, Tsungai A. ; Richardson, David M.

In: NeoBiota, 2020, vol. 62, p. 1–30

Our understanding and management of biological invasions relies on our ability to classify and conceptualise the phenomenon. This need has stimulated the development of a plethora of frameworks, ranging in nature from conceptual to applied. However, most of these frameworks have not been widely tested and their general applicability is unknown. In order to critically evaluate frameworks in...

Université de Fribourg

Appropriate uses of EICAT protocol, data and classifications

Kumschick, Sabrina ; Bacher, Sven ; Bertolino, Sandro ; Blackburn, Tim M. ; Evans, Thomas ; Roy, Helen E. ; Smith, Kevin

In: NeoBiota, 2020, vol. 62, p. 193–212

The Environmental Impact Classification for Alien Taxa (EICAT) can be used to classify alien taxa according to the magnitude and type of their environmental impacts. The EICAT protocol, classifications of alien taxa using the protocol (EICAT classification) and the data underpinning classifications (EICAT data) are increasingly used by scientists and practitioners such as governments, NGOs...

Université de Fribourg

Decent Work for All : Rethinking Decent Work in the Context of South Africa

Ludwig, Carmen ; Webster, Edward

In: sozialpolitik.ch, 2020, vol. 2, no. 3, p. Article: 2.3

The authors argue that there is a need to rethink what a commitment to decent work would mean in the context of South Africa, a country with a large number of long term unemployed. Drawing on their experience of researching work in South Africa, they highlight the relevance of the agency of workers for the progressive realisation of a decent work agenda. The lukewarm response of the government to...

Université de Fribourg

Novel insights on the geomagnetic field in West Africa from a new intensity reference curve (0-2000 AD)

Kapper, Lisa ; Serneels, Vincent ; Panovska, Sanja ; Ruíz, Rafael García ; Hellio, Gabrielle ; Groot, Lennart de ; Goguitchaichvili, Avto ; Morales, Juan ; Ruíz, Rubén Cejudo

In: Scientific Reports, 2020, vol. 10, no. 1, p. 1121

The geomagnetic field variations on the continent of Africa are still largely undeciphered for the past two millennia. In spite of archaeological artefacts being reliable recorders of the ancient geomagnetic field strength, only few data have been reported for this continent so far. Here we use the Thellier-Coe and calibrated pseudo- Thellier methods to recover archaeointensity data from...

Università della Svizzera italiana

The prospect and challenges to the flow of liquid biopsy in Africa

Oluwaseyi Temilola, Dada ; Wium, Martha ; Coulidiati, Tangbadioa Herve ; Adeola, Henry Ademola ; Carbone, Giuseppina Maria ; Catapano, Carlo Vittorio Institute of Oncology Research (IOR), Faculty of Biomedical Sciences, Università della Svizzera italiana, Switzerland ; Zerbini, Luiz Fernando

In: Cells, 2019, vol. 8, no. 8, p. 862

Liquid biopsy technologies have the potential to transform cancer patient management as it others non- invasive diagnosis and real-time monitoring of disease progression and treatment responses. The use of liquid biopsy for non-invasive cancer diagnosis can have pivotal importance for the African continent where access to medical infrastructures is limited, as it eliminates the need for...

Université de Fribourg

Intra and extracellular journey of the phytohormone salicylic acid

Maruri-López, Israel ; Aviles-Baltazar, Norma Yaniri ; Buchala, Antony J. ; Serrano, Mario

In: Frontiers in Plant Science, 2019, vol. 10, p. -

Salicylic acid (SA) is a plant hormone that has been described to play an essential role in the activation and regulation of multiple responses to biotic and to abiotic stresses. In particular, during plant-microbe interactions, as part of the defense mechanisms, SA is initially accumulated at the local infected tissue and then spread all over the plant to induce systemic acquired resistance...

Université de Fribourg

Surviving in the BRICS: the struggle of South African business in coping with new partners and investors

Wenzel, Nadine ; Freund, Bill ; Graefe, Olivier

In: International Review of Applied Economics, 2019, vol. 33, no. 1, p. 51–70

The purpose of this paper is to improve our understanding of how South African economic actors react to the gradual entry of non-South African BRICS firms in their established business areas. Throughout the twentieth century, South Africa’s trade and investment activities were conducted overwhelmingly with Western countries. However, the end of apartheid coincided with significant shifts as...