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Université de Fribourg

Numerical study of Anderson localization of terahertz waves in disordered waveguides

Lapointe, Clayton P. ; Zakharov, Pavel ; Enderli, F. ; Feurer, T. ; Skipetrov, S. E. ; Scheffold, Frank

In: EPL (Europhysics Letters), 2014, vol. 105, no. 3, p. 34002

We present a numerical study of electromagnetic wave transport in disordered quasi–one-dimensional waveguides at terahertz frequencies. Finite element method calculations of terahertz wave propagation within LiNbO3 waveguides with randomly arranged air-filled circular scatterers exhibit an onset of Anderson localization at experimentally accessible length scales. Results for the average...

Université de Fribourg

Final Pre-40S Maturation Depends on the Functional Integrity of the 60S Subunit Ribosomal Protein L3

García-Gómez, Juan J. ; Fernández-Pevida, Antonio ; Lebaron, Simon ; Rosado, Iván V. ; Tollervey, David ; Kressler, Dieter ; Cruz, Jesús de la

In: PLoS Genetics, 2014, vol. 10, no. 3, p. e1004205

Ribosomal protein L3 is an evolutionarily conserved protein that participates in the assembly of early pre-60S particles. We report that the rpl3[W255C] allele, which affects the affinity and function of translation elongation factors, impairs cytoplasmic maturation of 20S pre-rRNA. This was not seen for other mutations in or depletion of L3 or other 60S ribosomal proteins. Surprisingly, pre-40S...

Bibliothèque cantonale jurassienne

DinoMorph : parametric modeling of skeletal structures

Stevens, Kent A.

In: Senckenbergiana lethaea, 2002, vol. 82, no. 1, p. 23-34

Bibliothèque cantonale jurassienne

A burrow cast with lystrosaurus skeletal remains from the Lower Triassic of South Africa

Modesto, Sean P. ; Botha-Brink, Jennifer

In: Palaios : international journal of the Society of Economic Paleontologists and Mineralogists, 2010, vol. 25, p. 274-281

Université de Fribourg

The hooked element in the pes of turtles (Testudines): a global approach to exploring primary and secondary homology

Joyce, Walter G. ; Werneburg, Ingmar ; Lyson, Tyler R.

In: Journal of Anatomy, 2013, vol. 223, no. 5, p. 421–441

The hooked element in the pes of turtles was historically identified by most palaeontologists and embryologists as a modified fifth metatarsal, and often used as evidence to unite turtles with other reptiles with a hooked element. Some recent embryological studies, however, revealed that this element might represent an enlarged fifth distal tarsal. We herein provide extensive new myological and...

Université de Fribourg

Notch signaling in the brain: In good and bad times

Alberi, Lavinia ; Hoey, Sarah ; Brai, Emanuele ; Scotti, Alessandra ; Marathe, Swananda

In: Ageing Research Reviews, 2013, p. -

Notch signaling is an evolutionarily conserved pathway, which is fundamental for neuronal development and specification. In the last decade, increasing evidence has pointed out an important role of this pathway beyond embryonic development, indicating that Notch also displays a critical function in the mature brain of vertebrates and invertebrates. This pathway appears to be involved in neural...

Université de Fribourg

Yeast ribosomal protein L40 assembles late into pre-60S ribosomes and is required for their cytoplasmic maturation

Fernandez-Pevida, Antonio ; Rodriguez-Galan, Olga ; Diaz-Quintana, Antonio ; Kressler, Dieter ; Cruz, Jesus de la

In: Journal of Biological Chemistry, 2012, p. -

Most ribosomal proteins play important roles in ribosome biogenesis and function. Herein, we have examined the contribution of the essential ribosomal protein L40 in these processes in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Deletion of either the RPL40A or RPL40B gene and in vivo depletion of L40 impair 60S ribosomal subunit biogenesis. Polysome profile analyses reveal the accumulation of half-mers...

Université de Fribourg

Role of mature sphingolipids in yeast: new tools

Conzelmann, Andreas

In: Molecular Microbiology, 2012, vol. 84, no. 6, p. 991–994

Sphingolipids of yeast have been described as being important for numerous cell biological phenomena such as heat resistance, endocytosis, stress resistance and many others. The genetic or pharmacological elimination of specific features or entire classes of sphingolipids has pinpointed specific sphingolipids as pivotal regulators in many processes. The report by Epstein et al. adds two new tools...