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Université de Fribourg

Ranking alien species based on their risks of causing environmental impacts : A global assessment of alien ungulates

Volery, Lara ; Jatavallabhula, Divija ; Scillitani, Laura ; Bertolino, Sandro ; Bacher, Sven

In: Global Change Biology, 2021, vol. 27, no. 5, p. 1003-1016

For an efficient allocation of the limited resources to alien species management, the most damaging species should be prioritized. Comparing alien species based on their impacts is not straightforward, as the same species can cause different types and magnitudes of impacts when introduced to different contexts, making it difficult to summarize its overall impact. The Environmental Impact...

Université de Fribourg

Phylogeny, taxonomy, and biogeography of Pterocarya (Juglandaceae)

Song, Yi-Gang ; Li, Ying ; Meng, Hong-Hu ; Fragnière, Yann ; Ge, Bin-Jie ; Sakio, Hitoshi ; Yousefzadeh, Hamed ; Bétrisey, Sébastien ; Kozlowski, Gregor

In: Plants, 2020, vol. 9, no. 11, p. 1524

Relict species play an important role in understanding the biogeography of intercontinental disjunctions. Pterocarya (a relict genus) is the valuable model taxon for studying the biogeography of East Asian versus southern European/West Asian disjunct patterns. This disjunction has not been as well studied as others (e.g., between Eastern Asia and North America). Several phylogenetic studies...

Università della Svizzera italiana

Analyzing cultural localization in online tourism promotion

Mele, Emanuele ; Cantoni, Lorenzo (Dir.) ; Kerkhof, Peter (Codir.)

Thèse de doctorat : Università della Svizzera italiana, 2020 ; 2020COM006.

Tourism and culture are strongly intertwined. People can experience culture before, during and after their journey, both in the offline and in the online world. Arguably, the internet is among the main sources of inspiration and information retrieval for tourists, who navigate social media and websites to know more about the destination, its products and services. Following the developments in...

Università della Svizzera italiana

Policy evaluation: labour market liberalization, unemployment and second home construction : Evidence from Switzerland

Stricker, Luzius ; Maggi, Rico (Dir.)

Thèse de doctorat : Università della Svizzera italiana, 2020 ; 2020ECO010.

This thesis is composed of three different chapters focusing on labour market policies, unemployment and the construction industry. The analyses aim to contribute to the microeconomic theory, proving three different concepts of externally caused variations, affecting both, the labour market equilibrium and the production function. In detail, the first part analyses the employment effects of...

Université de Fribourg

Comparative anatomy and phylogeny of the Forcipulatacea (Echinodermata: Asteroidea): insights from ossicle morphology

Fau, Marine ; Villier, Loïc

In: Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 2020, vol. 189, no. 3, p. 921–952

A new phylogenetic analysis of the superorder Forcipulatacea is presented. Forcipulatacea is one of the three major groups of sea stars (Asteroidea: Echinodermata), composed of 400 extant species. The sampled taxa are thought to represent the morphological diversity of the group. Twenty-nine forcipulate taxa were sampled belonging to Asteriidae, Stichasteridae, Heliasteridae,...

Université de Fribourg

Empirical Essays on Preference Formation and Economic Decision Making

Tyahlo, Svitlana ; Eichenberger, Reiner (Dir.)

Thèse de doctorat : Université de Fribourg, 2020.

This dissertation consists of four independent papers on economically relevant topics that cap- tured my attention because of personal background and professional experiences, such as coming from Ukraine, being an educated woman, living in a bilingual Swiss region and observing people delaying their work. Throughout my papers, I empirically analyze the determinants of individual attitudes ...

Università della Svizzera italiana

Corporate social responsibility and information and communication technology in the digital age

Schultz, Mario Dominik ; Seele, Peter (Dir.)

Thèse de doctorat : Università della Svizzera italiana, 2020 ; 2020COM003.

Pervasive digital technologies are transforming economies and societies worldwide. This dissertation focuses on Corporate Social Responsibilities (CSR) as the dominant model of business ethics over the last decades, in an attempt to better understand the digital transformation. Digitalization represents a fundamental and challenging transformation and promises to touch on almost all areas of...

Université de Fribourg

3D models related to the publication: New material of Epiaceratherium and a new species of Mesaceratherium clear up the phylogeny of the early Rhinocerotidae (Perissodactyla)

Tissier, Jérémy ; Antoine, Pierre-Olivier ; Becker, Damien

In: MorphoMuseuM, 2020, vol. 6, no. 3, p. e116

The present 3D Dataset contains two 3D models described in Tissier et al. (https://doi.org/10.1098/rsos.200633): the only known complete mandible of the early-branching rhinocerotoid Epiaceratherium magnum Uhlig, 1999, and a hypothetical reconstruction of the complete archetypic skull of Epiaceratherium Heissig, 1969, created by merging three cranial parts from three distinct Epiaceratherium...

Université de Fribourg

New material of Epiaceratherium and a new species of Mesaceratherium clear up the phylogeny of early Rhinocerotidae (Perissodactyla)

Tissier, Jérémy ; Antoine, Pierre-Olivier ; Becker, Damien

In: Royal Society Open Science, 2020, vol. 7, no. 7, p. 200633

Reduction of the anterior dentition (i.e. incisors and canines) is a major adaptative trait of the Rhinocerotidae among Perissodactyla. However, the corresponding evolutionary sequence was lacking a robust phylogenetic frame to support it thus far. Here, we describe a new Oligocene species of Rhinocerotinae, Mesaceratherium sp. nov. from the Swiss locality of Bumbach (MP25 reference level)....

Université de Fribourg

Complexity and Algorithms for Finding a Perfect Phylogeny from Mixed Tumor Samples

Hujdurovic, Ademir ; Kacar, Ursula ; Milanic, Martin ; Ries, Bernard ; Tomescu, Alexandru I.

In: IEEE/ACM Transactions on Computational Biology and Bioinformatics, 2018, vol. 15, no. 1, p. 96-108

Hajirasouliha and Raphael (WABI 2014) proposed a model for deconvoluting mixed tumor samples measured from a collection of high-throughput sequencing reads. This is related to understanding tumor evolution and critical cancer mutations. In short, their formulation asks to split each row of a binary matrix so that the resulting matrix corresponds to a perfect phylogeny and has the minimum...