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Université de Fribourg

A mathematical model for the steady activation of a skeletal muscle

Gabriel, Jean-Pierre ; Studer, L. M. ; Rüegg, Dieter G. ; Schnetzer, M.-A.

In: SIAM Journal on Applied Mathematics, 2008, vol. 68, no. 3, p. 869-889

A skeletal muscle is composed of motor units, each consisting of a motoneuron and the muscle fibers it innervates. The input to the motor units is formed of electrical signals coming from higher motor centers and propagated to the motoneurons along a network of nerve fibers. Because of its complexity, this network still escapes actual direct observations. The present model describes the steady...

Université de Fribourg

A role for skeletal muscle stearoyl-CoA desaturase 1 in control of thermogenesis

Mainieri, Davide ; Summermatter, Serge ; Seydoux, Josiane ; Montani, Jean-Pierre ; Rusconi, Sandro ; Russell, Aaron P. ; Boss, Olivier ; Buchala, Antony J. ; Dulloo, Abdul G.

In: The FASEB Journal, 2006, vol. 20, no. 10, p. 1751-1753

An enhanced metabolic efficiency for accelerating the recovery of fat mass (or catch-up fat) is a characteristic feature of body weight regulation after weight loss or growth retardation and is the outcome of an "adipose-specific" suppression of thermogenesis, i.e., a feedback control system in which signals from the depleted adipose tissue fat stores exert a suppressive effect on thermogenesis....

Université de Fribourg

Corticotropin-Releasing Hormone directly stimulates thermogenesis in skeletal muscle possibly through substrate cycling between de novo lipogenesis and lipid oxidation

Solinas, Giovanni ; Summermatter, Serge ; Mainieri, Davide ; Gubler, Marcel ; Montani, Jean-Pierre ; Seydoux, Josiane ; Smith, S. R. ; Dulloo, Abdul G.

In: Endocrinology, 2006, vol. 147(1), p. 31-38

The mechanisms by which CRH and related peptides (i.e. the CRH/urocortin system) exert their control over thermogenesis and weight regulation have until now focused only upon their effects on brain centers controlling sympathetic outflow. Using a method that involves repeated oxygen uptake determinations in intact mouse skeletal muscle, we report here that CRH can act directly on skeletal...

Université de Fribourg

Transgenic Arabidopsis plants expressing a fungal cutinase show alterations in the structure and properties of the cuticle and postgenital organ fusions

Sieber, Patrick ; Schorderet, Martine ; Ryser, Ulrich ; Buchala, Antony ; Kolattukudy, Pappachan ; Métraux, Jean-Pierre ; Nawrath, Christiane

In: Plant Cell, 2000, vol. 12, no. 5, p. 721-737

A major structural component of the cuticle of plants is cutin. Analysis of the function of cutin in vivo has been limited because no mutants with specific defects in cutin have been characterized. Therefore, transgenic Arabidopsis plants were generated that express and secrete a cutinase from Fusarium solani f sp pisi. Arabidopsis plants expressing the cutinase in the...

Université de Fribourg

Perisynaptic Schwann cells of the vertebrate motor endplate bear modified cilia

Voigt, Tilman ; Dauber, Wolfgang ; Kohler, Ulrike

In: Microscopy Research and Technique, 2004, vol. 63(3), p. 149

Perisynaptic Schwann cells (PSCs), descendants of the myelinating Schwann cells, cover the axon terminal of the vertebrate motor endplate of the skeletal muscle fiber. PSCs are assumed to support the function of the axon terminal. This function suggests a net material transport in the direction of the axon terminal. Morphologically it is to be expected that these cells have a cytoskeleton aligned...

Université de Fribourg

The direct effect of leptin on skeletal muscle thermogenesis is mediated by substrate cycling between de novo lipogenesis and lipid oxidation

Solinas, Giovanni ; Summermatter, Serge ; Mainieri, Davide ; Gubler, Marcel ; Pirola, Luciano ; Wymann, Matthias P. ; Rusconi, Sandro ; Montani, Jean-Pierre ; Seydoux, Josiane

In: FEBS Letters, 2004, vol. 577, no. 3, p. 539-544

We report here studies that integrate data of respiration rate from mouse skeletal muscle in response to leptin and pharmacological interference with intermediary metabolism, together with assays for phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) and AMP- activated protein kinase (AMPK). Our results suggest that the direct effect of leptin in stimulating thermogenesis in skeletal muscle is mediated by...

Université de Fribourg

Acyl-CoA-binding protein, Acb1p, is required for normal vacuole function and ceramide synthesis in Saccharomyces cerevisiae

Faergeman, Nils J. ; Feddersen, Søren ; Christiansen, Janne K. ; Larsen, Morten K. ; Schneiter, Roger ; Ungermann, Christian ; Mutenda, Kudzai ; Roepstroff, Peter ; Knudsen, Jens

In: Biochemical Journal, 2004, vol. 380, p. 907-918

In the present study, we show that depletion of acyl-CoA-binding protein, Acb1p, in yeast affects ceramide levels, protein trafficking, vacuole fusion and structure. Vacuoles in Acb1p-depleted cells are multi-lobed, contain significantly less of the SNAREs (soluble N-ethylmaleimide-sensitive fusion protein attachment protein receptors) Nyv1p, Vam3p and Vti1p, and are unable to fuse in vitro. Mass...