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Public access from Mar 11, 2023
Université de Fribourg

The Causal Effects of Competition on Innovation : Experimental Evidence

Aghion, Philippe ; Bechtold, Stefan ; Cassar, Lea ; Herz, Holger

In: The Journal of Law, Economics, and Organization, 2018, vol. 34, no. 2, p. 162-195

We design two laboratory experiments to analyze the causal effects of competition on step-by-step innovation. Innovations result from costly R&D investments and move technology up one step. Competition is inversely measured by the ex post rents for firms that operate at the same technological level, i.e. for neck-and-neck firms. First, we find that increased competition leads to a significant...

Università della Svizzera italiana

Vitamin D status among male late adolescents living in southern Switzerland : role of body composition and lifestyle

Rabufetti, Andrea ; Milani, Gregorio P. ; Lava, Sebastiano A. G. ; Edefonti, Valeria ; Bianchetti, Mario G. ; Stettbacher, Andreas ; Muggli, Franco ; Simonetti, Giacomo

In: Nutrients, 2019, vol. 11, no. 11, p. 2727

Background: Poor vitamin D status is a worldwide health problem. Yet, knowledge about vitamin D status among adolescents in Southern Europe is limited. This study investigated concentrations and modulating factors of vitamin D in a healthy population of male late adolescents living in Southern Switzerland. Methods: All apparently healthy subjects attending for the medical evaluation before the...

Università della Svizzera italiana

The inferential configuration of arguments : the Argumentum Model of Topics

Greco, Sara ; Rigotti, Eddo

In: Inference in argumentation: a topics-based approach to argument schemes, 2019, vol. 34, p. 207-245

In this chapter, our proposal for the analysis of argument schemes as based on the tradition of topoi-loci called the Argumentum Model of Topics (AMT) is presented (first introduced in Rigotti and Greco 2006). We explain how the AMT represents the inferential configuration of arguments and discuss innovative aspects of the model in relation to other contemporary accounts. After having outlined...

Università della Svizzera italiana

Towards an integrated argumentative approach to multimodal critical discourse analysis : Evidence from the portrayal of refugees and immigrants in Greek newspapers

Serafis, Dimitris ; Greco, Sara ; Pollaroli, Chiara ; Jermini Martinez Soria, Chiara

In: Critical discourse studies, 2020, vol. 17, no. 5, p. 545-565

This paper proposes a methodological synthesis in order to study multimodal media discourse and argumentation in the context of the so-called ‘refugee crisis’ in Greece. It follows the framework of Multimodal Critical Discourse Analysis, integrating this with argumentation studies, with a particular emphasis on the analysis of inference. Our data come from the Greek newspapers Kathimerini...

Università della Svizzera italiana

Mediators’ reframing as a constitutive element of a reconciliatory argumentative style

Greco, Sara ; Jermini-Martinez Soria, Chiara

In: Journal of argumentation in context, 2021, vol. 10, no. 1, p. 73-96

This paper shows that reframing of conflict can be considered as a constitutive element of a “reconciliatory argumentative style” (van Eemeren, 2019), which is typical of dispute mediators, whose aim is to steer parties towards the resolution of their conflict. On the basis of a systematic empirical analysis of mediation cases, we first show that reframing encompasses a change of issue,...

Public access from Sep 10, 2022
Eidgenössisches Hochschulinstitut für Berufsbildung EHB

Creating Apprenticeships in Switzerland: the case of the cableway mechanics

Strebel, Alexandra

In: Journal of Vocational Education and Training

Collective skill formation systems thrive if employers’ skill needs are reflected in apprenticeship training programmes and firms offer apprenticeship positions. Occupation-level adaptation processes underpin these systems, which offer upper- secondary level vocational education leading to hundreds of occupations. Yet, it is considered challenging to introduce new apprenticeships in sectors...

Università della Svizzera italiana

Introducing public procurement tenders as part of corporate communications : a typological analysis based on CSR reporting indicators

Knebel, Sebastian ; Seele, Peter

In: Corporate communications : an international journal, 2020, p. 18 p

Purpose – Corporations have to include increasingly CSR communication by responding to public procurement tenders because of the recently revised Government Procurement Agreement (GPA) concluded by the WTO. We argue that procurement tenders are to be seen as part of corporate communications, particularly when aligned with CSR reporting and performance indicators as proposed by the Global...

Università della Svizzera italiana

Gold and bubbles: an impossible binomial? : a review of historical and current evidence

Beretta, Edoardo ; Peluso, Stefano

In: Applied economics letters, 2021, p. 5 p

Gold has a far-reaching history of ‘safe haven’ or ‘anchor of stability’. However, the epitome of precious metals has recently deviated from its historical price trend. Fluctuations and volatility have increased too. We argue that gold is not subject to bubbles (due to its scarcity in nature), although its price is. By means of a logical-analytical macroeconomic approach combined with...