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Université de Fribourg

Identification of avoidance genes through neural pathway-specific forward optogenetics

Marques, Filipe ; Saro, Gabriella ; Lia, Andrei-Stefan ; Poole, Richard J. ; Falquet, Laurent ; Glauser, Dominique A.

In: PLOS Genetics, 2019, vol. 15, no. 12, p. e1008509

Understanding how the nervous system bridges sensation and behavior requires the elucidation of complex neural and molecular networks. Forward genetic approaches, such as screens conducted in C. elegans, have successfully identified genes required to process natural sensory stimuli. However, functional redundancy within the underlying neural circuits, which are often organized with multiple...

Université de Fribourg

Tissue-specific isoforms of the single C. elegans Ryanodine receptor gene unc-68 control specific functions

Marques, Filipe ; Thapliyal, Saurabh ; Javer, Avelino ; Shrestha, Priyanka ; Brown, André E. X. ; Glauser, Dominique A.

In: PLOS Genetics, 2020, vol. 16, no. 10, p. e1009102

Ryanodine receptors (RyR) are essential regulators of cellular calcium homeostasis and signaling. Vertebrate genomes contain multiple RyR gene isoforms, expressed in different tissues and executing different functions. In contrast, invertebrate genomes contain a single RyR-encoding gene and it has long been proposed that different transcripts generated by alternative splicing may diversify...

Université de Fribourg

Assessing the impact of diagenesis on foraminiferal geochemistry from a low latitude, shallow-water drift deposit

Stainbank, Stephanie ; Spezzaferri, Silvia ; Boever, Eva De ; Bouvier, Anne-Sophie ; Chilcott, Colin ; Leau, Erica S.de ; Foubert, Anneleen ; Kunkelova, Tereza ; Pichevin, Laetitia ; Raddatz, Jacek ; Rüggeberg, Andres ; D.Wright, James ; M.Yu, Siyao ; Zhang, Manlin ; Kroon, Dick

In: Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 2020, vol. 545, p. 116390

Due to their large heat and moisture storage capabilities, the tropics are fundamental in modulating both regional and global climate. Furthermore, their thermal response during past extreme warming periods, such as super interglacials, is not fully resolved. In this regard, we present high-resolution (analytical) foraminiferal geochemical (δ18O and Mg/Ca) records for the last 1800 kyr from...

Université de Fribourg

Electron–phonon-driven three-dimensional metallicity in an insulating cuprate

Baldini, Edoardo ; Sentef, Michael A. ; Acharya, Swagata ; Brumme, Thomas ; Sheveleva, Evgeniia ; Lyzwa, Fryderyk ; Pomjakushina, Ekaterina ; Bernhard, Christian ; van Schilfgaarde, Mark ; Carbone, Fabrizio ; Rubio, Angel ; Weber, Cédric

In: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 2020, vol. 117, no. 12, p. 6409-6416

The role of the crystal lattice for the electronic properties of cuprates and other high-temperature superconductors remains controversial despite decades of theoretical and experimental efforts. While the paradigm of strong electronic correlations suggests a purely electronic mechanism behind the insulator-to-metal transition, recently the mutual enhancement of the electron–electron and the...

Université de Fribourg

Assessment of the potential for in-plume sulphur dioxide gas-ash interactions to influence the respiratory toxicity of volcanic ash

Tomašek, Ines ; Damby, David E. ; Horwell, Claire J. ; Ayris, Paul M. ; Delmelle, Pierre ; Ottley, Christopher J. ; Cubillas, Pablo ; Casas, Ana S. ; Bisig, Christoph ; Petri-Fink, Alke ; Dingwell, Donald B. ; Clift, Martin J. D. ; Drasler, Barbara ; Rothen-Rutishauser, Barbara

In: Environmental Research, 2019, vol. 179, p. 108798

Volcanic plumes are complex environments composed of gases and ash particles, where chemical and physical processes occur at different temperature and compositional regimes. Commonly, soluble sulphate- and chloride-bearing salts are formed on ash as gases interact with ash surfaces. Exposure to respirable volcanic ash following an eruption is potentially a significant health concern. The...

Università della Svizzera italiana

The Tim-3-Galectin-9 Pathway and Its Regulatory Mechanisms in Human Breast Cancer

Yasinska, Inna M. ; Sakhnevych, Svetlana S. ; Pavlova, Ludmila ; Hansen Selnø, Anette Teo ; Teuscher Abeleira, Ana Maria ; Benlaouer, Ouafa ; Gonçalves Silva, Isabel ; Mosimann, Marianne ; Varani, Luca ; Bardelli, Marco ; Hussain, Rohanah ; Siligardi, Giuliano ; Cholewa, Dietmar ; Berger, Steffen M. ; Gibbs, Bernhard F. ; Ushkaryov, Yuri A. ; Fasler-Kan, Elizaveta ; Klenova, Elena ; Sumbayev, Vadim V.

In: Frontiers in immunology, 2019, vol. 10, p. 1594

Human cancer cells operate a variety of effective molecular and signaling mechanisms which allow them to escape host immune surveillance and thus progress the disease. We have recently reported that the immune receptor Tim-3 and its natural ligand galectin-9 are involved in the immune escape of human acute myeloid leukemia (AML) cells. These cells use the neuronal receptor latrophilin 1...

Università della Svizzera italiana

Differential expression and biochemical activity of the immune receptor Tim-3 in healthy and malignant human myeloid cells

Gonçalves Silva, Isabel ; Gibbs, Bernhard F. ; Bardelli, Marco ; Varani, Luca ; Sumbayev, Vadim V.

In: Oncotarget, 2015, vol. 6, no. 32, p. 33823-33833

The T cell immunoglobulin and mucin domain 3 (Tim-3) is a plasma membrane-associated receptor which is involved in a variety of biological responses in human immune cells. It is highly expressed in most acute myeloid leukaemia (AML) cells and therefore may serve as a possible target for AML therapy. However, its biochemical activities in primary human AML cells remain unclear. We therefore...

Università della Svizzera italiana

Analysis of memory B cell responses and isolation of novel monoclonal antibodies with neutralizing breadth from HIV-1-infected individuals

Corti, Davide ; Langedijk, Johannes P. M. ; Hinz, Andreas ; Seaman, Michael S. ; Vanzetta, Fabrizia ; Fernandez-Rodriguez, Blanca M. ; Silacci, Chiara ; Pinna, Debora ; Jarrossay, David ; Balla-Jhagjhoorsingh, Sunita ; Willems, Betty ; Zekveld, Maria J. ; Dreja ; O’Sullivan, Eithne ; Pade, Corinna ; Orkin, Chloe ; Jeffs, Simon A. ; Montefiori, David C. ; David, Davis ; Weissenhorn, Winfried ; McKnight, Aine ; Heeney, Jonathan L. ; Sallusto, Federica ; Sattentau, Quentin J. ; Weiss, robin A. ; Lanzavecchia, Antonio

In: Plos one, 2010, vol. 5, no. 1, p. e8805

Background The isolation of human monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) that neutralize a broad spectrum of primary HIV-1 isolates and the characterization of the human neutralizing antibody B cell response to HIV-1 infection are important goals that are central to the design of an effective antibody-based vaccine. Methods and Findings We immortalized IgG+ memory B cells from individuals infected with...

Université de Fribourg

Reducing the Clique and Chromatic Number via Edge Contractions and Vertex Deletions

Paulusma, Daniël ; Picouleau, Christophe ; Ries, Bernard

In: Lecture Notes in Computer Science, 2016, vol. 9849, p. 38-49

We consider the following problem: can a certain graph parameter of some given graph G be reduced by at least d, for some integer d, via at most k graph operations from some specified set S, for some given integer k? As graph parameters we take the chromatic number and the clique number. We let the set S consist of either an edge contraction or a vertex deletion. As all these problems are...