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Université de Fribourg

Reward-related suppression of neural activity in macaque visual area v4

Shapcott, Katharine A ; Schmiedt, Joscha T ; Kouroupaki, Kleopatra ; Kienitz, Ricardo ; Lazar, Andreea ; Singer, Wolf ; Schmid, Michael C

In: Cerebral Cortex, 2020, vol. 30, no. 9, p. 4871–4881

In order for organisms to survive, they need to detect rewarding stimuli, for example, food or a mate, in a complex environment with many competing stimuli. These rewarding stimuli should be detected even if they are nonsalient or irrelevant to the current goal. The value-driven theory of attentional selection proposes that this detection takes place through reward-associated stimuli...

Université de Fribourg

Parvalbumin-deficiency accelerates the age-dependent ROS production in Pvalb neurons in vivo: link to neurodevelopmental disorders

Janickova, Lucia ; Schwaller, Beat

In: Frontiers in Cellular Neuroscience, 2020, vol. 14, p. -

In neurodevelopmental disorders (NDDs) including autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and schizophrenia, impairment/malfunctioning of a subpopulation of interneurons expressing the calcium-binding protein parvalbumin (PV) –here termed Pvalb neurons– has gradually emerged as a possible cause. These neurons may represent a hub or point-of-convergence in the etiology of NDD. Increased oxidative...

Université de Fribourg

Striatal reactivity to reward under threat-of-shock and working memory load in adults at increased familial risk for major depression: A preliminary study

Gaillard, Claudie ; Guillod, Matthias ; Ernst, Monique ; Federspiel, Andrea ; Schoebi, Dominik ; Recabarren, Romina Evelyn ; Ouyang, Xinyi ; Mueller-Pfeiffer, Christoph ; Horschg, Antje ; Homan, Philipp ; Wiest, Roland ; Hasler, Gregor ; Martin-Soelch, Chantal

In: NeuroImage: Clinical, 2020, vol. 26, p. 102193

Introduction: Anhedonia, a core symptom of Major Depressive Disorder (MDD), manifests as a lack or loss of motivation as reflected by decreased reward responsiveness, at both behavioral and neural (i.e., striatum) levels. Exposure to stressful life events is another important risk factor for MDD. However, the mechanisms linking reward-deficit and stress to MDD remain poorly understood. Here,...

Université de Fribourg

Stimulus reward value interacts with training-induced plasticity in inhibitory control

Pretto, Michael De ; Hartmann, Lea ; Garcia-Burgos, David ; Sallard, Etienne ; Spierer, Lucas

In: Neuroscience, 2019, vol. 421, p. 82–94

Training inhibitory control, the ability to suppress motor or cognitive processes, not only enhances inhibition processes, but also reduces the perceived value and behaviors toward the stimuli associated with the inhibition goals during the practice. While these findings suggest that inhibitory control training interacts with the aversive and reward systems, the underlying spatio-temporal...

Université de Fribourg

Striatal responsiveness to reward under threat‐of‐shock and working memory load : A preliminary study

Gaillard, Claudie ; Guillod, Matthias ; Ernst, Monique ; Torrisi, Salvatore ; Federspiel, Andrea ; Schoebi, Dominik ; Recabarren, Romina E. ; Ouyang, Xinyi ; Mueller-Pfeiffer, Christoph ; Horsch, Antje ; Homan, Philipp ; Wiest, Roland ; Hasler, Gregor ; Martin-Soelch, Chantal

In: Brain and Behavior, 2019, no. 9, p. 1-21

Introduction: Reward and stress are important determinants of motivated behaviors. Striatal regions play a crucial role in both motivation and hedonic processes. So far, little is known on how cognitive effort interacts with stress to modulate reward processes. This study examines how cognitive effort (load) interacts with an unpredictable acute stressor (threat-of-shock) to modulate motivational...

Université de Fribourg

Reward processing under influence : Effects of stress and cognitive load on reward processing, and their clinical implications for the vulnerability to major depression

Gaillard, Claudie ; Martin Soelch, Chantal (Dir.)

Thèse de doctorat : Université de Fribourg, 2019.

Humans have a propensity to pursue rewards and to avoid punishments. The motivation to seek rewards and the ability to experience and to learn from positive consequences are fundamental functions in the reward processing. They promote survival and well-being. However, these functions can be challenged or impaired by stressful events or contexts. To clarify the determinant factors that might...

Université de Fribourg

The orbitofrontal cortex projects to the parvafox nucleus of the ventrolateral hypothalamus and to its targets in the ventromedial periaqueductal grey matter

Babalian, Alexandre ; Eichenberger, Simone ; Bilella, Alessandro ; Girard, Franck ; Szabolcsi, Viktoria ; Roccaro, Diana ; Alvarez-Bolado, Gonzalo ; Xu, Chun ; Celio, Marco R.

In: Brain Structure and Function, 2019, vol. 224, no. 1, p. 293–314

Although connections between the orbitofrontal cortex (OFC)—the seat of high cognitive functions—the lateral hypothalamus and the periaqueductal grey (PAG) have been recognized in the past, the precise targets of the descending fibres have not been identified. In the present study, viral tracer-transport experiments revealed neurons of the lateral (LO) and the ventrolateral (VLO) OFC...

Université de Fribourg

Dopamine transporter (DAT) knockdown in the nucleus accumbens improves anxiety- and depression-related behaviors in adult mice

Bahi, Amine ; Dreyer, Jean-Luc

In: Behavioural Brain Research, 2019, vol. 359, p. 104–115

Many epidemiological and clinical studies have demonstrated a strong comorbidity between anxiety and depression, and a number of experimental studies indicates that the dopamine transporter (DAT) is involved in the pathophysiology of anxiety and depression. However, studies using laboratory animals have yielded inconclusive results. The aim of the present study was to examine the effects of...

Université de Fribourg

Dysregulation of parvalbumin expression in the Cntnap2−/− mouse model of autism spectrum disorder

Lauber, Emanuel ; Filice, Federica ; Schwaller, Beat

In: Frontiers in Molecular Neuroscience, 2018, vol. 11, p. -

Due to the complex and heterogeneous etiology of autism spectrum disorder (ASD), identification of convergent pathways and/or common molecular endpoints in the pathophysiological processes of ASD development are highly needed in order to facilitate treatment approaches targeted at the core symptoms. We recently reported on decreased expression of the Ca2+-binding protein parvalbumin (PV) in...