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Université de Fribourg

Synoptic conditions and atmospheric moisture pathways associated with virga and precipitation over coastal Adélie Land in Antarctica

Jullien, Nicolas ; Vignon, Étienne ; Sprenger, Michael ; Aemisegger, Franziska ; Berne, Alexis

In: The Cryosphere, 2020, vol. 14, no. 5, p. 1685–1702

Precipitation falling over the coastal regions of Antarctica often experiences low-level sublimation within the dry katabatic layer. The amount of water that reaches the ground surface is thereby considerably reduced. This paper investigates the synoptic conditions and the atmospheric transport pathways of moisture that lead to either virga – when precipitation is completely sublimated –...

Université de Fribourg

Detailed detection of active layer freeze-thaw dynamics using quasi-continuous electrical resistivity tomography (Deception Island, Antarctica)

Farzamian, Mohammad ; Vieira, Gonçalo ; Santos, Fernando A. Monteiro ; Tabar, Borhan Yaghoobi ; Hauck, Christian ; Paz, Maria Catarina ; Bernardo, Ivo ; Ramos, Miguel ; Pablo, Miguel Angel de

In: The Cryosphere, 2020, vol. 14, no. 3, p. 1105–1120

Climate-induced warming of permafrost soils is a global phenomenon, with regional and site-specific variations which are not fully understood. In this context, a 2-D automated electrical resistivity tomography (A-ERT) system was installed for the first time in Antarctica at Deception Island, associated to the existing Crater Lake site of the Circumpolar Active Layer Monitoring – South ...

Université de Fribourg

First fossil frog from Antarctica: implications for Eocene high latitude climate conditions and Gondwanan cosmopolitanism of Australobatrachia

Mörs, Thomas ; Reguero, Marcelo ; Vasilyan, Davit

In: Scientific Reports, 2020, vol. 10, p. 5051

Cenozoic ectothermic continental tetrapods (amphibians and reptiles) have not been documented previously from Antarctica, in contrast to all other continents. Here we report a fossil ilium and an ornamented skull bone that can be attributed to the Recent, South American, anuran family Calyptocephalellidae or helmeted frogs, representing the first modern amphibian found in Antarctica. The two bone...

Université de Fribourg

A reevaluation of the basal turtle Indochelys spatulata from the Early–Middle Jurassic (Toarcian–Aalenian) of India, with descriptions of new material

Joyce, Walter G. ; Bandyopadhyay, Saswati

In: PeerJ, 2020, vol. 8, p. e8542

Background Indochelys spatulata is an extinct turtle from the Early to Middle Jurassic Kota Formation of the Pranhita–Godavari Gondwana basin, India. The holotype and previously only known specimen is a partially eroded shell that had been collected near Kota village, north of Sironcha, in Maharashtra State. Phylogenetic analyses have consistently suggested placement at the base of the...

Université de Fribourg

Notes on the cheek region of the Late Jurassic theropod dinosaur Allosaurus

Evers, Serjoscha W. ; Foth, Christian ; Rauhut, Oliver W.M.

In: PeerJ, 2020, vol. 8, p. e8493

Allosaurus, from the Late Jurassic of North America and Europe, is a model taxon for Jurassic basal tetanuran theropod dinosaurs. It has achieved an almost iconic status due to its early discovery in the late, 19th century, and due to the abundance of material from the Morrison Formation of the western U.S.A., making Allosaurus one of the best-known theropod taxa. Despite this, various...

Université de Fribourg

Late Jurassic theropod dinosaur bones from the Langenberg Quarry (Lower Saxony, Germany) provide evidence for several theropod lineages in the central European archipelago

Evers, Serjoscha W. ; Wings, Oliver

In: PeerJ, 2020, vol. 8, p. e8437

Marine limestones and marls in the Langenberg Quarry provide unique insights into a Late Jurassic island ecosystem in central Europe. The beds yield a varied assemblage of terrestrial vertebrates including extremely rare bones of theropod from theropod dinosaurs, which we describe here for the first time. All of the theropod bones belong to relatively small individuals but represent a wide...

Université de Fribourg

A detailed review on the clinical anatomy of the pectoralis major muscle

Larionov, Alexey ; Yotovski, Peter ; Filgueira, Luis

In: SM Journal of Clinical Anatomy, 2018, vol. 2, no. 3, p. 1015

The pectoralis major is a muscle of the upper limb girdle. This muscle has a unique morphological architectonic and a high rate of clinical applications. However, there is lack of data regarding the morphological and functional interactions of the pectoralis major with other muscle and fascial compartments. According to the applied knowledge, the “Humero-pectoral” morpho-functional...

Université de Fribourg

Antarctica eye study: a prospective study of the effects of overwintering on ocular parameters and visual function

Stahl, Matthew H. ; Kumar, Alexander ; Lambert, Robert ; Stroud, Michael ; Macleod, David ; Bastawrous, Andrew ; Peto, Tunde ; Burton, Matthew J.

In: BMC Ophthalmology, 2018, vol. 18, no. 1, p. 149

In 2013 five polar explorers attempted to complete the first Trans-Antarctic Winter Traverse (TAWT). This study presents the ophthalmological findings for this group, who overwintered in Antarctica as part of the White Mars Human Science Protocol. Antarctic crews are exposed to extreme cold, chronic hypoxia and altered day-night cycles. Previous studies of Antarctic explorers have focused on...