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Université de Fribourg

The record of Deinotheriidae from the Miocene of the Swiss Jura Mountains (Jura Canton, Switzerland)

Gagliardi, Fanny ; Maridet, Olivier ; Becker, Damien

In: bioRxiv, 2021, p. 244061

The Miocene sands of the Swiss Jura Mountains, long exploited in quarries for the construction industry, have yielded abundant fossil remains of large mammals. Among Deinotheriidae (Proboscidea), two species, Prodeinotherium bavaricum and Deinotherium giganteum, had previously been identified in the Delémont valley, but never described. A third species, Deinotherium levius, from the locality of...

Université de Fribourg

Twenty years of European mountain permafrost dynamics—the PACE legacy

Etzelmüller, Bernd ; Guglielmin, Mauro ; Hauck, Christian ; Hilbich, Christin ; Hoelzle, Martin ; Isaksen, Ketil ; Noetzli, Jeanette ; Oliva, Marc ; Ramos, Miguel

In: Environmental Research Letters, 2020, vol. 15, no. 10, p. 104070

This paper reviews and analyses the past 20 years of change and variability of European mountain permafrost in response to climate change based on time series of ground temperatures along a south–north transect of deep boreholes from Sierra Nevada in Spain (37°N) to Svalbard (78°N), established between 1998 and 2000 during the EU-funded PACE (Permafrost and Climate in Europe) project. In...

Université de Fribourg

New material of “Eurysternidae” (Thalassochelydia, Pan-Cryptodira) from the Kimmeridgian of the Swiss Jura Mountains

Püntener, Christian ; Anquetin, Jérémy ; Billon-Bruyat, Jean-Paul

In: Palaeovertebrata, 2020, vol. 43, no. 1, p. e2

The region of Porrentruy (Swiss Jura Mountains) is known for its rich and diverse assemblage of Late Jurassic coastal marine turtles (Thalassochelydia). Dominated by the “Plesiochelyidae”, this assemblage also includes representatives of the two other thalassochelydian groups, the “Thalassemydidae” and “Eurysternidae.” In this study, we present new shell-based material from Porrentruy...

Université de Fribourg

Estimating glacier-bed overdeepenings as possible sites of future lakes in the de-glaciating Mont Blanc massif (Western European Alps)

Magnin, F. ; Haeberli, W. ; Linsbauer, Andreas ; Deline, P. ; Ravanel, L.

In: Geomorphology, 2020, vol. 350, p. 106913

De-glaciating high mountain areas result in new landscapes of bedrock and debris where permafrost can degrade, persist or even newly form in cases, and of new lakes in glacier bed overdeepenings (GBOs) becoming ice-free. These landscapes with new lakes in close neighborhood to over-steepened and perennially frozen slopes are prone to chain reaction processes (e.g. rock-ice avalanches into...

Université de Fribourg

The Human Right to Democracy in International Law : Coming to Moral Terms with an Equivocal Legal Practice

Besson, Samantha

In: The Cambridge Handbook of New Human Righs: Recognition, Novelty, Rhetoric, 2020, p. 481-489

Université de Fribourg

Recent glacier and lake changes in High Mountain Asia and their relation to precipitation changes

Treichler, Désirée ; Kääb, Andreas ; Salzmann, Nadine ; Xu, Chong-Yu

In: The Cryosphere, 2019, vol. 13, no. 11, p. 2977–3005

We present an updated, spatially resolved estimate of 2003–2008 glacier surface elevation changes for the entire region of High Mountain Asia (HMA) from ICESat laser altimetry data. The results reveal a diverse pattern that is caused by spatially greatly varying glacier sensitivity, in particular to precipitation availability and changes. We introduce a spatially resolved zonation where...

Université de Fribourg

Tectonics of the Neuchâtel Jura Mountains: insights from mapping and forward modelling

Rime, Valentin ; Sommaruga, Anna ; Schori, Marc ; Mosar, Jon

In: Swiss Journal of Geosciences, 2019, vol. 112, no. 2, p. 563–578

This study focuses on a geological section in the Jura Mountains across the villages of Travers, La Brévine in Switzerland, and Morteau in France. Field mapping was conducted to complement and densify existing data. A kinematically and geometrically consistent forward model has been developed to understand and interpret the observed surface structures. The proposed solution features a...

Université de Fribourg

Mountain permafrost degradation documented through a network of permanent electrical resistivity tomography sites

Mollaret, Coline ; Hilbich, Christin ; Pellet, Cécile ; Flores-Orozco, Adrian ; Delaloye, Reynald ; Hauck, Christian

In: The Cryosphere, 2019, vol. 13, no. 10, p. 2557–2578

Mountain permafrost is sensitive to climate change and is expected to gradually degrade in response to the ongoing atmospheric warming trend. Long-term monitoring of the permafrost thermal state is a key task, but problematic where temperatures are close to 0 ∘C because the energy exchange is then dominantly related to latent heat effects associated with phase change (ice–water), rather...

Université de Fribourg

A substantial discount on ski passes : a synthetic control analysis

Wallimann, Hannes

(Working Papers SES ; 507)

The synthetic control method serves as an appropriate and promising approach to do quantitative comparison research. However, the method is rarely used in the context of tourism. We fill this research gap by applying the method to the case of a Swiss mountain destination. Alpine tourist destinations have suffered from a declining demand in the last decade. Fewer tourist visit ski resorts....