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Université de Fribourg

Optogenetic stimulation of basal forebrain parvalbumin neurons activates the default mode network and associated behaviors

Lozano-Montes, Laura ; Dimanico, Marta ; Mazloum, Reza ; Li, Wenxue ; Nair, Jayakrishnan ; Kintscher, Michael ; Schneggenburger, Ralf ; Harvey, Michael ; Rainer, Gregor

In: Cell Reports, 2020, vol. 33, no. 6, p. 108359

Activation of the basal forebrain (BF) has been associated with increased attention, arousal, and a heightened cortical representation of the external world. In addition, BF has been implicated in the regulation of the default mode network (DMN) and associated behaviors. Here, we provide causal evidence for a role of BF in DMN regulation, highlighting a prominent role of parvalbumin (PV)...

Université de Fribourg

Role of the thalamus in basal forebrain regulation of neural activity in the primary auditory cortex

Azimi, Hamid ; Klaassen, Arndt-Lukas ; Thomas, Kevin ; Harvey, Michael A. ; Rainer, Gregor

In: Cerebral Cortex, 2020, vol. 30, no. 8, p. 4481–4495

Many studies have implicated the basal forebrain (BF) as a potent regulator of sensory encoding even at the earliest stages of or cortical processing. The source of this regulation involves the well-documented corticopetal cholinergic projections from BF to primary cortical areas. However, the BF also projects to subcortical structures, including the thalamic reticular nucleus (TRN), which...

Université de Fribourg

How network topologies impact project alliance performance: evidence from the movie industry

Zhang, Xin-Jie ; Tang, Yong ; Xiong, Jason ; Wang, Wei-Jia ; Zhang, Yi-Cheng

In: Entropy, 2019, vol. 21, no. 9, p. 859

In many industries, partners are interconnected in project alliances that have limited lifespans and clearly-defined boundaries. The transparency of the movie industry provides a unique opportunity to study how alliance network topologies impact the performance of project alliances from the perspectives of social networks and organization theories. In this work, we compiled a massive movie...

Université de Fribourg

Enhancing countries’ fitness with recommender systems on the international trade network

Liao, Hao ; Huang, Xiao-Min ; Wu, Xing-Tong ; Liu, Ming-Kai ; Vidmer, Alexandre ; Zhou, Ming-Yang ; Zhang, Yi-Cheng

In: Complexity, 2018, p. -

Prediction is one of the major challenges in complex systems. The prediction methods have shown to be effective predictors of the evolution of networks. These methods can help policy makers to solve practical problems successfully and make better strategy for the future. In this work, we focus on exporting countries’ data of the International Trade Network. A recommendation system is then...

Université de Fribourg

Basal forebrain contributes to default mode network regulation

Nair, Jayakrishnan ; Klaassen, Arndt-Lukas ; Arato, Jozsef ; Vyssotski, Alexei L. ; Harvey, Michael ; Rainer, Gregor

In: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 2018, vol. 115, no. 6, p. 1352–1357

The default mode network (DMN) is a collection of cortical brain regions that is active during states of rest or quiet wakefulness in humans and other mammalian species. A pertinent characteristic of the DMN is a suppression of local field potential gamma activity during cognitive task performance as well as during engagement with external sensory stimuli. Conversely, gamma activity is...

Université de Fribourg

Basal forebrain activation enhances between-trial reliability of low-frequency local field potentials (LFP) and spiking activity in tree shrew primary visual cortex (V1)

Luna, Paolo De ; Veit, Julia ; Rainer, Gregor

In: Brain Structure and Function, 2017, vol. 222, no. 9, p. 4239–4252

Brain state has profound effects on neural processing and stimulus encoding in sensory cortices. While the synchronized state is dominated by low-frequency local field potential (LFP) activity, low-frequency LFP power is suppressed in the desynchronized state, where a concurrent enhancement in gamma power is observed. Recently, it has been shown that cortical desynchronization co-occurs with ...

Université de Fribourg

Magnetic moment evolution and spin freezing in doped BaFe 2 As 2

Pelliciari, Jonathan ; Huang, Yaobo ; Ishii, Kenji ; Zhang, Chenglin ; Dai, Pengcheng ; Chen, Gen Fu ; Xing, Lingyi ; Wang, Xiancheng ; Jin, Changqing ; Ding, Hong ; Werner, Philipp ; Schmitt, Thorsten

In: Scientific Reports, 2017, vol. 7, no. 1, p. 8003

Fe-K β X-ray emission spectroscopy measurements reveal an asymmetric doping dependence of the magnetic moments μbare in electron- and hole-doped BaFe2As2. At low temperature, μbare is nearly constant in hole-doped samples, whereas it decreases upon electron doping. Increasing temperature substantially enhances μbare in the hole-doped region, which is naturally explained by the...

Université de Fribourg

Link prediction in evolving networks based on popularity of nodes

Wang, Tong ; He, Xing-Sheng ; Zhou, Ming-Yang ; Fu, Zhong-Qian

In: Scientific Reports, 2017, vol. 7, no. 1, p. 7147

Link prediction aims to uncover the underlying relationship behind networks, which could be utilized to predict missing edges or identify the spurious edges. The key issue of link prediction is to estimate the likelihood of potential links in networks. Most classical static-structure based methods ignore the temporal aspects of networks, limited by the time-varying features, such approaches...

Consortium of Swiss Academic Libraries

Hearts, desires and behavioural patterns: Debating human nature in ancient China

Gassmann, Robert H.

In: Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies, 2011, vol. 74, no. 2, p. 237-273