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Université de Fribourg

High colonization rate and heterogeneity of ESBL- and carbapenemase-producing enterobacteriaceae isolated from gull feces in Lisbon, Portugal

Aires-de-Sousa, Marta ; Fournier, Claudine ; Lopes, Elizeth ; Lencastre, Hermínia de ; Nordmann, Patrice ; Poirel, Laurent

In: Microorganisms, 2020, vol. 8, no. 10, p. 1487

In order to evaluate whether seagulls living on the Lisbon coastline, Portugal, might be colonized and consequently represent potential spreaders of multidrug-resistant bacteria, a total of 88 gull fecal samples were screened for detection of extended- spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL)- or carbapenemase-producing Enterobacteriaceae for methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) and for...

Université de Fribourg

Geochemical fingerprinting of key lithologies and depositional processes across the upper boundary of the Opalinus Clay (Aalenian, Middle Jurassic, northern Switzerland)

Lauper, Bruno ; Deplazes, Gaudenz ; Vogel, Hendrik ; Jaeggi, David ; Wohlwend, Stephan ; Ariztegui, Daniel ; Foubert, Anneleen

In: The Depositional Record, 2021, vol. 7, no. 1, p. 25-51

The Opalinus Clay is an argillaceous to silty mudstone formation, notable in Switzerland as the selected host rock for deep geological disposal of radioactive waste. Its upper bounding unit (Passwang Formation and eastern equivalents) is composed of successions of mudstone, sandy bioclastic marl and limestone separated by ooidal ironstone beds. The lithostratigraphic transition is diachronous...

Université de Fribourg

Epidemiology of carbapenemase-producing Klebsiella pneumoniae in northern Portugal: Predominance of KPC-2 and OXA-48

Lopes, Elizeth ; Saavedra, Maria José ; Costa, Eliana ; Lencastre, Hermíniade ; Poirel, Laurent ; Aires-de-Sousa, Marta

In: Journal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance, 2020, vol. 22, p. 349–353

Objectives: To provide, for the first time, data on the molecular epidemiology of carbapenemase-producing Klebsiella pneumoniae clinical isolates from the northern region of Portugal (Trás-os-Montes and Alto Douro).Methods: A total of 106 carbapenemase-producing K. pneumoniae isolates recovered from clinical samples and rectal swabs between January 2018 and March 2019 were included in this...

Université de Fribourg

Better roads, better off? : Evidence on improving roads in Tanzania

Dumas, Christelle ; Játiva, Ximena

(Working Papers SES ; 518)

Spatial isolation is considered as one of the main determinants of poverty. Therefore, many transport investments are undertaken with a stated objective of poverty reduction. In our paper, we evaluate a Tanzanian program that rehabilitated 2500km of major roads between 2008 and 2013. We deal with endogenous placement issues with a household fixed-effect strategy combined with a propensity score...

Université de Fribourg

A new species of baenid turtle from the Early Cretaceous Lakota Formation of South Dakota

Joyce, Walter G. ; Rollot, Yann ; Cifelli, Richard L.

In: Fossil Record, 2020, vol. 23, no. 1, p. 1–13

Baenidae is a clade of paracryptodiran turtles known from the late Early Cretaceous to Eocene of North America. The proposed sister-group relationship of Baenidae to Pleurosternidae, a group of turtles known from sediments dated as early as the Late Jurassic, suggests a ghost lineage that crosses the early Early Cretaceous. We here document a new species of paracryptodiran turtle, Lakotemys...

Université de Fribourg

Occurrence of CTX-M-15- and MCR-1-producing Enterobacterales in pigs in Portugal: evidence of direct links with antibiotic selective pressure

Fournier, Claudine ; Aires-de-Sousa, Marta ; Nordmann, Patrice ; Poirel, Laurent

In: International Journal of Antimicrobial Agents, 2020, vol. 55, no. 2, p. 105802

AimsTo undertake a prospective analysis of the occurrence of colistin-resistant and extended-spectrum ß-lactamase (ESBL)-producing Enterobacterales colonizing pigs at two farms in Portugal, and to evaluate the putative correlations with usage of different antibiotics.Materials and methods: One hundred and two faecal samples recovered from two different Portuguese pig farms were screened for...

Université de Fribourg

Notes on the cheek region of the Late Jurassic theropod dinosaur Allosaurus

Evers, Serjoscha W. ; Foth, Christian ; Rauhut, Oliver W.M.

In: PeerJ, 2020, vol. 8, p. e8493

Allosaurus, from the Late Jurassic of North America and Europe, is a model taxon for Jurassic basal tetanuran theropod dinosaurs. It has achieved an almost iconic status due to its early discovery in the late, 19th century, and due to the abundance of material from the Morrison Formation of the western U.S.A., making Allosaurus one of the best-known theropod taxa. Despite this, various...

Université de Fribourg

Late Jurassic theropod dinosaur bones from the Langenberg Quarry (Lower Saxony, Germany) provide evidence for several theropod lineages in the central European archipelago

Evers, Serjoscha W. ; Wings, Oliver

In: PeerJ, 2020, vol. 8, p. e8437

Marine limestones and marls in the Langenberg Quarry provide unique insights into a Late Jurassic island ecosystem in central Europe. The beds yield a varied assemblage of terrestrial vertebrates including extremely rare bones of theropod from theropod dinosaurs, which we describe here for the first time. All of the theropod bones belong to relatively small individuals but represent a wide...

Université de Fribourg

Epidemiology of Carbapenemase-Producing Klebsiella pneumoniae in a Hospital, Portugal

Aires-de-Sousa, Marta ; Ortiz de la Rosa, José Manuel ; Gonçalves, Maria Luísa ; Pereira, Ana Luísa ; Nordmann, Patrice ; Poirel, Laurent

In: Emerging Infectious Diseases, 2019, vol. 25, no. 9, p. 1632–1638

We aimed to provide updated epidemiologic data on carbapenem-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae in Portugal by characterizing all isolates (N = 46) recovered during 2013– 2018 in a 123-bed hospital in Lisbon. We identified blaKPC-3 (n = 36), blaOXA-181 (n = 9), and blaGES-5 (n = 8) carbapenemase genes and observed co-occurrence of blaKPC-3 and blaGES-5 in 7 isolates. A single GES-5–producing...