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Haute école de gestion de Genève

The implication of the new labor clauses in the USMCA on labor market and trade between the United States, Mexico and Canada

Stäuble, Mathieu ; Matile, Laurent (Dir.)

Mémoire de bachelor : Haute école de gestion de Genève, 2020 ; TDIBM 93.

The North American continent has implemented different free trade agreements throughout the years. From the Canadian-United States Free Trade Agreement (CUSFTA) reached in 1989, between Canada and the United States and quickly replaced by the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) in 1994 with the addition of Mexico to the agreement. After 26 years of existence and divergent opinions...

Haute école de gestion de Genève

How can the city of Querétaro in Mexico adopt a more sustainable solid waste management system from an economical and environmental standpoint ?

Essaidi, Laura ; Depetris Chauvin, Nicolas (Dir.)

Mémoire de bachelor : Haute école de gestion de Genève, 2020 ; TDIBM 85.

This report analyses the solid waste management system of the city of Querétaro, a medium size city in the center of Mexico. It investigates economic and environmental sustainability in the solid waste management sector and addresses the following question: “How can the city of Querétaro adopt a more sustainable solid waste management system from an economical and environmental...

Université de Fribourg

Ab initio description of the ${\mathrm{Bi}}_{2}{\mathrm{Sr}}_{2}{\mathrm{CaCu}}_{2}{\mathrm{O}}_{8+{\delta}}$ electronic structure

Nokelainen, Johannes ; Lane, Christopher ; Markiewicz, Robert S. ; Barbiellini, Bernardo ; Pulkkinen, Aki ; Singh, Bahadur ; Sun, Jianwei ; Pussi, Katariina ; Bansil, Arun

In: Physical Review B, 2020, vol. 101, no. 21, p. 214523

Bi-based cuprate superconductors are important materials for both fundamental research and applications. As in other cuprates, the superconducting phase in the Bi compounds lies close to an antiferromagnetic phase. Our density functional theory calculations based on the strongly-constrained-and- appropriately-normed exchange correlation functional in ...

Université de Fribourg

Novel insights on the geomagnetic field in West Africa from a new intensity reference curve (0-2000 AD)

Kapper, Lisa ; Serneels, Vincent ; Panovska, Sanja ; Ruíz, Rafael García ; Hellio, Gabrielle ; Groot, Lennart de ; Goguitchaichvili, Avto ; Morales, Juan ; Ruíz, Rubén Cejudo

In: Scientific Reports, 2020, vol. 10, no. 1, p. 1121

The geomagnetic field variations on the continent of Africa are still largely undeciphered for the past two millennia. In spite of archaeological artefacts being reliable recorders of the ancient geomagnetic field strength, only few data have been reported for this continent so far. Here we use the Thellier-Coe and calibrated pseudo- Thellier methods to recover archaeointensity data from...

Université de Fribourg

Neuroanatomy of the spinosaurid Irritator challengeri (Dinosauria: Theropoda) indicates potential adaptations for piscivory

Schade, Marco ; Rauhut, Oliver W. M. ; Evers, Serjoscha W.

In: Scientific Reports, 2020, vol. 10, no. 1, p. 9259

Spinosauridae, a theropod group characterized by elongated snouts, conical teeth, enlarged forelimbs, and often elongated neural spines, show evidence for semiaquatic adaptations and piscivory. It is currently debated if these animals represent terrestrial carnivores with adaptations for a piscivorous diet, or if they largely lived and foraged in aquatic habitats. The holotype of Irritator...

Université de Fribourg

A new species of baenid turtle from the Early Cretaceous Lakota Formation of South Dakota

Joyce, Walter G. ; Rollot, Yann ; Cifelli, Richard L.

In: Fossil Record, 2020, vol. 23, no. 1, p. 1–13

Baenidae is a clade of paracryptodiran turtles known from the late Early Cretaceous to Eocene of North America. The proposed sister-group relationship of Baenidae to Pleurosternidae, a group of turtles known from sediments dated as early as the Late Jurassic, suggests a ghost lineage that crosses the early Early Cretaceous. We here document a new species of paracryptodiran turtle, Lakotemys...

Université de Fribourg

Subfossil lemur discoveries from the Beanka Protected Area in western Madagascar

Burney, David A. ; Andriamialison, Haingoson ; Andrianaivoarivelo, Radosoa A. ; Bourne, Steven ; Crowley, Brooke E. ; Boer, Erik J. de ; Godfrey, Laurie R. ; Goodman, Steven M. ; Griffiths, Christine ; Griffiths, Owen ; Hume, Julian P. ; Joyce, Walter G. ; Jungers, William L. ; Marciniak, Stephanie ; Middleton, Gregory J. ; Muldoon, Kathleen M. ; Noromalala, Eliette ; Pérez, Ventura R. ; Perry, George H. ; Randalana, Roger ; Wright, Henry T.

In: Quaternary Research, 2020, vol. 93, no. 1, p. 187–203

A new fossil site in a previously unexplored part of western Madagascar (the Beanka Protected Area) has yielded remains of many recently extinct vertebrates, including giant lemurs (Babakotia radofilai, Palaeopropithecus kelyus, Pachylemur sp., and Archaeolemur edwardsi), carnivores (Cryptoprocta spelea), the aardvark-like Plesiorycteropus sp., and giant ground cuckoos (Coua). Many of these...

Université de Fribourg

Late Jurassic theropod dinosaur bones from the Langenberg Quarry (Lower Saxony, Germany) provide evidence for several theropod lineages in the central European archipelago

Evers, Serjoscha W. ; Wings, Oliver

In: PeerJ, 2020, vol. 8, p. e8437

Marine limestones and marls in the Langenberg Quarry provide unique insights into a Late Jurassic island ecosystem in central Europe. The beds yield a varied assemblage of terrestrial vertebrates including extremely rare bones of theropod from theropod dinosaurs, which we describe here for the first time. All of the theropod bones belong to relatively small individuals but represent a wide...

Université de Fribourg

Ancient mitogenomics clarifies radiation of extinct Mascarene giant tortoises ( Cylindraspis spp.)

Kehlmaier, Christian ; Graciá, Eva ; Campbell, Patrick D. ; Hofmeyr, Margaretha D. ; Schweiger, Silke ; Martínez-Silvestre, Albert ; Joyce, Walter G. ; Fritz, Uwe

In: Scientific Reports, 2019, vol. 9, no. 1, p. 1-7

The five extinct giant tortoises of the genus Cylindraspis belong to the most iconic species of the enigmatic fauna of the Mascarene Islands that went largely extinct after the discovery of the islands. To resolve the phylogeny and biogeography of Cylindraspis, we analysed a data set of 45 mitogenomes that includes all lineages of extant tortoises and eight near-complete sequences of all...

Université de Fribourg

A conceptual framework for range-expanding species that track human-induced environmental change

Essl, Franz ; Dullinger, Stefan ; Genovesi, Piero ; Hulme, Philip E ; Jeschke, Jonathan M ; Katsanevakis, Stelios ; Kühn, Ingolf ; Lenzner, Bernd ; Pauchard, Aníbal ; Pyšek, Petr ; Rabitsch, Wolfgang ; Richardson, David M ; Seebens, Hanno ; van Kleunen, Mark ; van der Putten, Wim H ; Vilà, Montserrat ; Bacher, Sven

In: BioScience, 2019, vol. 69, no. 11, p. 908–919

For many species, human-induced environmental changes are important indirect drivers of range expansion into new regions. We argue that it is important to distinguish the range dynamics of such species from those that occur without, or with less clear, involvement of human-induced environmental changes. We elucidate the salient features of the rapid increase in the number of species whose...