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Université de Fribourg

New species, revision, and phylogeny of Ronzotherium Aymard, 1854 (Perissodactyla, Rhinocerotidae)

Tissier, Jérémy ; Antoine, Pierre-Olivier ; Becker, Damien

In: European Journal of Taxonomy, 2021, vol. 753, p. 1-80

Ronzotherium is one of the earliest Rhinocerotidae in Europe, which first appeared just after the Eocene/Oligocene transition (Grande Coupure), and became extinct at the end of the Oligocene. It is a large-sized rhinocerotid, with a special position in the phylogeny of this group, as being one of the earliest-branching true Rhinocerotidae. However, its intra-generic systematics has never been...

Université de Fribourg

New data on early Oligocene dormice (Rodentia, Gliridae) from southern Europe : Phylogeny and diversification of the family

Lu, Xiaoyu ; Costeur, Loïc ; Hugueney, Marguerite ; Maridet, Olivier

In: Journal of Systematic Palaeontology, 2021, p. 1-21

Rodents of the extant family Gliridae, commonly called dormice, are common in European faunas since the early Eocene. Here we study for the first time specimens from St-Martin-de-Castillon C (France, early Oligocene) previously reported as Gliravus aff. majori and Pseudodryomys aff. fugax. We now refer them to Butseloglis tenuis and Microdyromys misonnei. Besides the French material, new...

Université de Fribourg

Comparative anatomy and phylogeny of the Forcipulatacea (Echinodermata: Asteroidea): insights from ossicle morphology

Fau, Marine ; Villier, Loïc

In: Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 2020, vol. 189, no. 3, p. 921–952

A new phylogenetic analysis of the superorder Forcipulatacea is presented. Forcipulatacea is one of the three major groups of sea stars (Asteroidea: Echinodermata), composed of 400 extant species. The sampled taxa are thought to represent the morphological diversity of the group. Twenty-nine forcipulate taxa were sampled belonging to Asteriidae, Stichasteridae, Heliasteridae,...

Université de Fribourg

A multi-platform package for the analysis of intra- and interspecific trait evolution

Gaboriau, Théo ; Mendes, Fábio K. ; Joly, Simon ; Silvestro, Daniele ; Salamin, Nicolas

In: Methods in Ecology and Evolution, 2020, p. -

Evolutionary forces affect the distribution of phenotypes both within and among species. Yet, at the macro‐evolutionary scale, the evolution of intraspecific variance is rarely considered. Here, we present an r and a BEAST 2 implementation that extends the JIVE (Joint inter‐ and Intraspecific Variance Evolution) model aimed at the analysis of continuous trait evolution at both inter‐...

Université de Fribourg

3D models related to the publication: New material of Epiaceratherium and a new species of Mesaceratherium clear up the phylogeny of the early Rhinocerotidae (Perissodactyla)

Tissier, Jérémy ; Antoine, Pierre-Olivier ; Becker, Damien

In: MorphoMuseuM, 2020, vol. 6, no. 3, p. e116

The present 3D Dataset contains two 3D models described in Tissier et al. (https://doi.org/10.1098/rsos.200633): the only known complete mandible of the early-branching rhinocerotoid Epiaceratherium magnum Uhlig, 1999, and a hypothetical reconstruction of the complete archetypic skull of Epiaceratherium Heissig, 1969, created by merging three cranial parts from three distinct Epiaceratherium...

Université de Fribourg

New material of Epiaceratherium and a new species of Mesaceratherium clear up the phylogeny of early Rhinocerotidae (Perissodactyla)

Tissier, Jérémy ; Antoine, Pierre-Olivier ; Becker, Damien

In: Royal Society Open Science, 2020, vol. 7, no. 7, p. 200633

Reduction of the anterior dentition (i.e. incisors and canines) is a major adaptative trait of the Rhinocerotidae among Perissodactyla. However, the corresponding evolutionary sequence was lacking a robust phylogenetic frame to support it thus far. Here, we describe a new Oligocene species of Rhinocerotinae, Mesaceratherium sp. nov. from the Swiss locality of Bumbach (MP25 reference level)....

Université de Fribourg

Complexity and Algorithms for Finding a Perfect Phylogeny from Mixed Tumor Samples

Hujdurovic, Ademir ; Kacar, Ursula ; Milanic, Martin ; Ries, Bernard ; Tomescu, Alexandru I.

In: IEEE/ACM Transactions on Computational Biology and Bioinformatics, 2018, vol. 15, no. 1, p. 96-108

Hajirasouliha and Raphael (WABI 2014) proposed a model for deconvoluting mixed tumor samples measured from a collection of high-throughput sequencing reads. This is related to understanding tumor evolution and critical cancer mutations. In short, their formulation asks to split each row of a binary matrix so that the resulting matrix corresponds to a perfect phylogeny and has the minimum...

Université de Fribourg

Notes on the cheek region of the Late Jurassic theropod dinosaur Allosaurus

Evers, Serjoscha W. ; Foth, Christian ; Rauhut, Oliver W.M.

In: PeerJ, 2020, vol. 8, p. e8493

Allosaurus, from the Late Jurassic of North America and Europe, is a model taxon for Jurassic basal tetanuran theropod dinosaurs. It has achieved an almost iconic status due to its early discovery in the late, 19th century, and due to the abundance of material from the Morrison Formation of the western U.S.A., making Allosaurus one of the best-known theropod taxa. Despite this, various...