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Université de Fribourg

Enigmatic dinosaur precursors bridge the gap to the origin of Pterosauria

Ezcurra, Martín D. ; Nesbitt, Sterling J. ; Bronzati, Mario ; Vecchia, Fabio Marco Dalla ; Agnolin, Federico L. ; Benson, Roger B. J. ; Egli, Federico Brissón ; Cabreira, Sergio F. ; Evers, Serjoscha W. ; Gentil, Adriel R. ; Irmis, Randall B. ; Martinelli, Agustín G. ; Novas, Fernando E. ; Silva, Lúcio Roberto da ; Smith, Nathan D. ; Stocker, Michelle R. ; Turner, Alan H. ; Langer, Max C.

In: Nature, 2020, vol. 588, no. 2020-7838, p. 445–449

Pterosaurs were the first vertebrates to evolve powered flight1 and comprised one of the main evolutionary radiations in terrestrial ecosystems of the Mesozoic era (approximately 252–66 million years ago), but their origin has remained an unresolved enigma in palaeontology since the nineteenth century2,3,4. These flying reptiles have been hypothesized to be the close relatives of a wide...

Université de Fribourg

Characterization of the shape anisotropy of superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles during thermal decomposition

Vanhecke, Dimitri ; Crippa, Federica ; Lattuada, Marco ; Balog, Sandor ; Rothen-Rutishauser, Barbara ; Petri-Fink, Alke

In: Materials, 2020, vol. 13, no. 9, p. 2018

Magnetosomes are near-perfect intracellular magnetite nanocrystals found in magnetotactic bacteria. Their synthetic imitation, known as superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (SPIONs), have found applications in a variety of (nano)medicinal fields such as magnetic resonance imaging contrast agents, multimodal imaging and drug carriers. In order to perform these functions in medicine,...

Université de Fribourg

Kinetics and mechanism of mineral respiration: how iron hemes synchronize electron transfer rates

Chabert, Valentin ; Babel, Lucille ; Füeg, Michael P. ; Karamash, Maksym ; Madivoli, Edwin S. ; Herault, Nelly ; Dantas, Joana M. ; Salgueiro, Carlos A. ; Giese, Bernd ; Fromm, Katharina M.

In: Angewandte Chemie International Edition, 2020, vol. 59, no. 30, p. 12331-12336

Anaerobic microorganisms of the Geobacter genus are effective electron sources for the synthesis of nanoparticles, for bioremediation of polluted water, and for the production of electricity in fuel cells. In multistep reactions, electrons are transferred via iron/heme cofactors of c‐type cytochromes from the inner cell membrane to extracellular metal ions, which are bound to outer membrane...

Université de Fribourg

Epibenthos dynamics and environmental fluctuations in two contrasting polar carbonate factories (Mosselbukta and Bjørnøy-banken, svalbard)

Wisshak, Max ; Neumann, Hermann ; Rüggeberg, Andres ; Büscher, Janina V. ; Linke, Peter ; Raddatz, Jacek

In: Frontiers in Marine Science, 2019, vol. 6, p. -

The Arctic Svalbard Archipelago hosts the world’s northernmost cold-water ‘carbonate factories’ thriving here despite of presumably unfavourable environmental conditions and extreme seasonality. Two contrasting sites of intense biogenic carbonate production, the rhodolith beds in Mosselbukta in the north of the archipelago and the barnacle-mollusc dominated carbonate sediments...

Université de Fribourg

Phase transformation of superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles via thermal annealing: implications for hyperthermia applications

Crippa, Federica ; Rodriguez-Lorenzo, Laura ; Hua, Xiao ; Goris, Bart ; Bals, Sara ; Garitaonandia, José S. ; Balog, Sandor ; Burnand, David ; Hirt, Ann M. ; Haeni, Laetitia ; Lattuada, Marco ; Rothen-Rutishauser, Barbara ; Petri-Fink, Alke

In: ACS Applied Nano Materials, 2019, vol. 2, no. 7, p. 4462–4470

Magnetic hyperthermia has the potential to play an important role in cancer therapy and its efficacy relies on the nanomaterials selected. Superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (SPIONs) are excellent candidates due to the ability of producing enough heat to kill tumor cells by thermal ablation. However, their heating properties depend strongly on crystalline structure and size, which may...

Université de Fribourg

Does being assigned to a low school track negatively affect psychological adjustment?

Müller, Christoph Michael ; Hofmann, Verena

In: School Effectiveness and School Improvement, 2016, vol. 27, p. 95-115

Previous research suggests that the 1st year in secondary school for some students goes hand in hand with an increase in adjustment difficulties. One factor that might influence this process on an individual, compositional, and institutional level is the academic track a student attends. It was hypothesized that being assigned to a lowqualifying track predicts a stronger increase in...

Université de Fribourg

Effect of clustering on the heat generated by superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles

Lattuada, Marco

In: CHIMIA International Journal for Chemistry, 2019, vol. 73, no. 1, p. 39–42

Magnetic nanoparticles have been the subject of enormous investigations for their potential use as cancer treatment via hyperthermia. This is due to their ability to generate heat when exposed to an external magnetic field oscillating at sufficiently high frequency. There are many different parameters that need to be considered when designing the optimal nanoparticle formulation for...

Université de Fribourg

Heating behavior of magnetic iron oxide nanoparticles at clinically relevant concentration

Lemal, Philipp ; Balog, Sandor ; Geers, Christoph ; Taladriz-Blanco, Patricia ; Palumbo, Andrea ; M.Hirt, Ann ; Rothen-Rutishauser, Barbara ; Petri-Fink, Alke

In: Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials, 2019, vol. 474, p. 637–642

Magnetic hyperthermia for cancer treatment has gained significant attention in recent years, due to its biocompatibility of applied nanoparticles and the possibility for spatially localized heating in deep tissues. Clinical treatments use nanoparticle concentrations of 112 mg Fe/mL, while the concentrations experimental studies have addressed are considerably smaller, usually between 0.1...