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Université de Fribourg

Neuroanatomy of the spinosaurid Irritator challengeri (Dinosauria: Theropoda) indicates potential adaptations for piscivory

Schade, Marco ; Rauhut, Oliver W. M. ; Evers, Serjoscha W.

In: Scientific Reports, 2020, vol. 10, no. 1, p. 9259

Spinosauridae, a theropod group characterized by elongated snouts, conical teeth, enlarged forelimbs, and often elongated neural spines, show evidence for semiaquatic adaptations and piscivory. It is currently debated if these animals represent terrestrial carnivores with adaptations for a piscivorous diet, or if they largely lived and foraged in aquatic habitats. The holotype of Irritator...

Université de Fribourg

Notes on the cheek region of the Late Jurassic theropod dinosaur Allosaurus

Evers, Serjoscha W. ; Foth, Christian ; Rauhut, Oliver W.M.

In: PeerJ, 2020, vol. 8, p. e8493

Allosaurus, from the Late Jurassic of North America and Europe, is a model taxon for Jurassic basal tetanuran theropod dinosaurs. It has achieved an almost iconic status due to its early discovery in the late, 19th century, and due to the abundance of material from the Morrison Formation of the western U.S.A., making Allosaurus one of the best-known theropod taxa. Despite this, various...

Université de Fribourg

A detailed review on the clinical anatomy of the pectoralis major muscle

Larionov, Alexey ; Yotovski, Peter ; Filgueira, Luis

In: SM Journal of Clinical Anatomy, 2018, vol. 2, no. 3, p. 1015

The pectoralis major is a muscle of the upper limb girdle. This muscle has a unique morphological architectonic and a high rate of clinical applications. However, there is lack of data regarding the morphological and functional interactions of the pectoralis major with other muscle and fascial compartments. According to the applied knowledge, the “Humero-pectoral” morpho-functional...

Consortium of Swiss Academic Libraries

Phosphoinositides and Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease: New keys to old questions

Suter, U.

In: Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences, 2007, vol. 64, no. 24, p. 3261-3265

Université de Fribourg

The oldest Archaeopteryx (Theropoda: Avialiae): a new specimen from the Kimmeridgian/Tithonian boundary of Schamhaupten, Bavaria

Rauhut​, Oliver W.M. ; Foth, Christian ; Tischlinger, Helmut

In: PeerJ, 2018, vol. 6, p. e4191

The iconic primeval bird Archaeopteryx was so far mainly known from the Altmühltal Formation (early Tithonian) of Bavaria, southern Germany, with one specimen having been found in the overlying Mörnsheim Formation. A new specimen (the 12th skeletal specimen) from the earliest Tithonian Painten Formation of Schamhaupten (Bavaria) represents the so far oldest representative of the genus. The...

Université de Fribourg

Ordering by the numbers in anatomy and by letters Too

Neumann, Paul E. ; Baud, Robert ; Sprumont, Pierre

In: Clinical Anatomy, 2017, vol. 30, no. 6, p. 700–702

Here, new rules of Latin anatomical nomenclature are proposed to deal with cases not covered by existing or other recommended rules. Determiners (e.g., numerals, letters, alphanumeric strings, and Latin names of Greek letters) should follow the noun they specify or limit, just as it is recommended that adjectives should follow the noun they modify. In general, Roman numerals, Latin letters,...

Université de Fribourg

Human anatomy nomenclature rules for the computer age

Neumann, Paul E. ; Baud, Robert ; Sprumont, Pierre

In: Clinical Anatomy, 2017, vol. 30, no. 3, p. 300–302

Information systems are increasing in importance in biomedical sciences and medical practice. The nomenclature rules of human anatomy were reviewed for adequacy with respect to modern needs. New rules are proposed here to ensure that each Latin term is uniquely associated with an anatomical entity, as short and simple as possible, and machine-interpretable. Observance of these recommendations...