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Université de Fribourg

Phylogeny, taxonomy, and biogeography of Pterocarya (Juglandaceae)

Song, Yi-Gang ; Li, Ying ; Meng, Hong-Hu ; Fragnière, Yann ; Ge, Bin-Jie ; Sakio, Hitoshi ; Yousefzadeh, Hamed ; Bétrisey, Sébastien ; Kozlowski, Gregor

In: Plants, 2020, vol. 9, no. 11, p. 1524

Relict species play an important role in understanding the biogeography of intercontinental disjunctions. Pterocarya (a relict genus) is the valuable model taxon for studying the biogeography of East Asian versus southern European/West Asian disjunct patterns. This disjunction has not been as well studied as others (e.g., between Eastern Asia and North America). Several phylogenetic studies...

Haute école de gestion de Genève

The implication of the new labor clauses in the USMCA on labor market and trade between the United States, Mexico and Canada

Stäuble, Mathieu ; Matile, Laurent (Dir.)

Mémoire de bachelor : Haute école de gestion de Genève, 2020 ; TDIBM 93.

The North American continent has implemented different free trade agreements throughout the years. From the Canadian-United States Free Trade Agreement (CUSFTA) reached in 1989, between Canada and the United States and quickly replaced by the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) in 1994 with the addition of Mexico to the agreement. After 26 years of existence and divergent opinions...

Université de Fribourg

RaxmlGUI 2.0: A graphical interface and toolkit for phylogenetic analyses using RAxML

Edler, Daniel ; Klein, Johannes ; Antonelli, Alexandre ; Silvestro, Daniele

In: Methods in Ecology and Evolution, 2020, vol. -, no. -, p. -

raxmlGUI is a graphical user interface to RAxML, one of the most popular and widely used softwares for phylogenetic inference using maximum likelihood.Here we present raxmlGUI 2.0, a complete rewrite of the GUI which seamlessly integrates RAxML binaries for all major operating systems with an intuitive graphical front‐end to setup and run phylogenetic analyses.Our program offers automated...

Université de Fribourg

Disproportionate extinction of South American mammals drove the asymmetry of the Great American Biotic Interchange

Carrillo, Juan D. ; Faurby, Søren ; Silvestro, Daniele ; Zizka, Alexander ; Jaramillo, Carlos ; Bacon, Christine D. ; Antonelli, and Alexandre

In: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 2020, vol. 117, no. 42, p. 26281–26287

The biological interchange between North and South America associated with the formation of the Isthmus of Panama is key to defining current gradients of species diversity. A major gap in our understanding of the interchange is its asymmetry, where mammals of North American origin attained higher diversity in South America than vice versa. The prevailing view is that this asymmetry resulted...

Université de Fribourg

A revision of the pelomedusoid turtle Jainemys pisdurensis from the Late Cretaceous (Maastrichtian) Lameta Formation of India

Joyce, Walter G. ; Bandyopadhyay, Saswati

In: PeerJ, 2020, vol. 8, p. e9330

Background: Jainemys pisdurensis comb. nov. is an extinct pleurodiran turtle from the Late Cretaceous (Maastrichtian) of India, previously referred to Carteremys and Shweboemys. The holotype, an eroded skull, had been collected near the village of Pisdura, south of Nagpur, in Maharashtra State, while all referred shell material originates from coeval sediments exposed at the nearby village of...

Université de Fribourg

Cranial osteology of the early cretaceous turtle Pleurosternon bullockii (paracryptodira: pleurosternidae)

Evers, Serjoscha W. ; Rollot, Yann ; Joyce, Walter G.

In: PeerJ, 2020, vol. 8, p. e9454

Pleurosternon bullockii is a turtle from the Early Cretaceous of Europe known from numerous postcranial remains. Only one skull has so far been referred to the species. Pleurosternon bullockii belongs to a group of turtles called pleurosternids, which is thought to include several poorly known taxa from the Late Jurassic and Early Cretaceous of Europe and North America. Pleurosternids and...

Université de Fribourg

Impossibility results on stability of phylogenetic consensus methods

Delucchi, Emanuele ; Hoessly, Linard ; Paolini, Giovanni

In: Systematic Biology, 2020, vol. 69, no. 3, p. 557–565

We answer two questions raised by Bryant, Francis, and Steel in their work on consensus methods in phylogenetics. Consensus methods apply to every practical instance where it is desired to aggregate a set of given phylogenetic trees (say, gene evolution trees) into a resulting, “consensus” tree (say, a species tree). Various stability criteria have been explored in this context, seeking...

Université de Fribourg

An alternative interpretation of Peltochelys duchastelii as a paracryptodire

Joyce, Walter G. ; Rollot, Yann

In: Fossil Record, 2020, vol. 23, no. 1, p. 83–93

Peltochelys duchastelii is an enigmatic turtle from Early Cretaceous (middle Barremian–early Aptian) Sainte-Barbe Formation of Bernissart, Belgium. In more recent literature, there has been strong support for the trionychian affinities of this taxon, but this interpretation is less consistent with external data, in particular biogeography and temporal considerations. We provide a...