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Université de Fribourg

A new glirid-like cricetid from the lower Oligocene of Southern China

Lu, Xiao-Yu ; Ni, Xijun ; Maridet, Olivier

In: Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, 2021, p. e1917587

Here we report a new cricetid s.l., Caecocricetodon yani, gen. et sp. nov., discovered in the early Oligocene of the Caijiachong Formation in Yunnan Province, China. The new cricetid differs from all known cricetids or stem muroids by its particular molar pattern displaying numerous crests and spurs. Our phylogenetic analysis based on a matrix including 42 taxa and 72 characters indicates...

Université de Fribourg

Phylogenetic diversity is a better predictor of wetland community resistance to Alternanthera philoxeroides invasion than species richness

Qin, Tian‐Jian ; Zhou, Jian ; Sun, Yan ; Müller‐Schärer, Heinz ; Luo, Fang‐Li ; Dong, Bi‐Cheng ; Li, Hong‐Li ; Yu, Fei‐Hai

In: Plant Biology, 2020/n/a/n/a/-

Highly biodiversity communities have been shown to better resist plant invasions through complementarity effects. Species richness (SR) is a widely used biodiversity metric but lacks explanatory power when there are only a few species. Communities with low SR can have a wide variety of phylogenetic diversities (PD), which might allow for a better prediction of invasibility. We assessed the...

Université de Fribourg

First fossil frog from Antarctica: implications for Eocene high latitude climate conditions and Gondwanan cosmopolitanism of Australobatrachia

Mörs, Thomas ; Reguero, Marcelo ; Vasilyan, Davit

In: Scientific Reports, 2020, vol. 10, p. 5051

Cenozoic ectothermic continental tetrapods (amphibians and reptiles) have not been documented previously from Antarctica, in contrast to all other continents. Here we report a fossil ilium and an ornamented skull bone that can be attributed to the Recent, South American, anuran family Calyptocephalellidae or helmeted frogs, representing the first modern amphibian found in Antarctica. The two bone...

Université de Fribourg

Supply and demand law under variable information

Yuan, Guanghui ; Han, Jingti ; Zhou, Lei ; Liang, Hejun ; Zhang, Yi-Cheng

In: Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, 2019, vol. 536, p. 121004

When the product quality is limited and the information capability is variable, we propose the enterprise enhances corporate profits by changing the relationship between market demand and external resources. We assume that the information capacity can be changed through the input of external resources. In this paper, we present a research agenda that empowers external resources to transform...

Université de Fribourg

K-core: Theories and applications

Kong, Yi-Xiu ; Shi, Gui-Yuan ; Wu, Rui-Jie ; Zhang, Yi-Cheng

In: Physics Reports, 2019, vol. 832, p. 1–32

With the rapid development of science and technology, the world is becoming increasingly connected. The following dire need for understanding both the relationships amongst individuals and the global structural characteristics brings forward the study of network sciences and many interdisciplinary subjects in recent years. As a result, it is crucial to have methods and algorithms that help us...

Université de Fribourg

Fish, amphibian and reptilian faunas from latest Oligocene to middle Miocene localities from Central Turkey

Vasilyan, Davit ; Roček, Zbyněk ; Ayvazyan, Anna ; Claessens, Leon

In: Palaeobiodiversity and Palaeoenvironments, 2019, vol. 99, no. 4, p. 723–757

In this paper, we describe ectothermic vertebrate assemblages from the Kargı 1, Kargı 2, Kargı 3, Harami1, Harami 3, Hancılı, Keseköy, Çandır and Bağiçi localities in Turkey. The ages of these localities range from the latest Oligocene to the middle Miocene. The preserved non-mammalian fauna of the studied localities includes fishes (Luciobarbus sp., Barbus sp., Luciobarbus vel...

Université de Fribourg

Computational socioeconomics

Gao, Jian ; Zhang, Yi-Cheng ; Zhou, Tao

In: Physics Reports, 2019, vol. 817, p. 1–104

Uncovering the structure of socioeconomic systems and timely estimation of socioeconomic status are significant for economic development. The understanding of socioeconomic processes provides foundations to quantify global economic development, to map regional industrial structure, and to infer individual socioeconomic status. In this review, we will make a brief manifesto about a new ...

Université de Fribourg

A review of the fossil record of nonbaenid turtles of the clade Paracryptodira

Joyce, Walter G. ; Anquetin, Jérémy

In: Bulletin of the Peabody Museum of Natural History, 2019, vol. 60, no. 2, p. 129–155

The fossil record of nonbaenid paracryptodires ranges from the Late Jurassic (Kimmeridgian) to the Paleocene of North America and Europe only. Earlier remains may be present as early as the Middle Jurassic (Bathonian). Only a single dispersal event is documented between the two continents after their breakup during the Cretaceous in the form of the appearance of the Compsemys lineage in the ...

Université de Fribourg

Muscarinic acetylcholine receptor signaling generates OFF selectivity in a simple visual circuit

Qin, Bo ; Humberg, Tim-Henning ; Kim, Anna ; Kim, Hyong S. ; Short, Jacob ; Diao, Fengqiu ; White, Benjamin H. ; Sprecher, Simon G. ; Yuan, Quan

In: Nature Communications, 2019, vol. 10, no. 1, p. 1–16

ON and OFF selectivity in visual processing is encoded by parallel pathways that respond to either light increments or decrements. Despite lacking the anatomical features to support split channels, Drosophila larvae effectively perform visually- guided behaviors. To understand principles guiding visual computation in this simple circuit, we focus on investigating the physiological properties...

Université de Fribourg

Discoverers in scientific citation data

Shi, Gui-Yuan ; Kong, Yi-Xiu ; Yuan, Guang-Hui ; Wu, Rui-Jie ; Zeng, An ; Medo, Matúš

In: Journal of Informetrics, 2019, vol. 13, no. 2, p. 717–725

Identifying the future influential papers among the newly published ones is an important yet challenging issue in bibliometrics. As newly published papers have no or limited citation history, linear extrapolation of their citation counts—which is motivated by the well-known preferential attachment mechanism—is not applicable. We translate the recently introduced notion of discoverers to...