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Université de Fribourg

Embryonic photosynthesis affects post-germination plant growth

Sela, Ayala ; Piskurewicz, Urszula ; Megies, Christian ; Mène-Saffrané, Laurent ; Finazzi, Giovanni ; Lopez-Molina, Luis

In: Plant Physiology, 2020, vol. 182, no. 4, p. 2166–2181

Photosynthesis is the fundamental process fueling plant vegetative growth and development. The progeny of plants relies on maternal photosynthesis, via food reserves in the seed, to supply the necessary energy for seed germination and early seedling establishment. Intriguingly, before seed maturation, Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana) embryos are also photosynthetically active, the...

Université de Fribourg

Notes on the cheek region of the Late Jurassic theropod dinosaur Allosaurus

Evers, Serjoscha W. ; Foth, Christian ; Rauhut, Oliver W.M.

In: PeerJ, 2020, vol. 8, p. e8493

Allosaurus, from the Late Jurassic of North America and Europe, is a model taxon for Jurassic basal tetanuran theropod dinosaurs. It has achieved an almost iconic status due to its early discovery in the late, 19th century, and due to the abundance of material from the Morrison Formation of the western U.S.A., making Allosaurus one of the best-known theropod taxa. Despite this, various...

Université de Fribourg

Late Jurassic theropod dinosaur bones from the Langenberg Quarry (Lower Saxony, Germany) provide evidence for several theropod lineages in the central European archipelago

Evers, Serjoscha W. ; Wings, Oliver

In: PeerJ, 2020, vol. 8, p. e8437

Marine limestones and marls in the Langenberg Quarry provide unique insights into a Late Jurassic island ecosystem in central Europe. The beds yield a varied assemblage of terrestrial vertebrates including extremely rare bones of theropod from theropod dinosaurs, which we describe here for the first time. All of the theropod bones belong to relatively small individuals but represent a wide...

Université de Fribourg

Evolutionary genomics can improve prediction of species’ responses to climate change

Waldvogel, Ann-Marie ; Feldmeyer, Barbara ; Rolshausen, Gregor ; Exposito-Alonso, Moises ; Rellstab, Christian ; Kofler, Robert ; Mock, Thomas ; Schmid, Karl ; Schmitt, Imke ; Bataillon, Thomas ; Savolainen, Outi ; Bergland, Alan ; Flatt, Thomas ; Guillaume, Frederic ; Pfenninger, Markus

In: Evolution Letters, 2020, vol. 4, no. 1, p. 4–18

Global climate change (GCC) increasingly threatens biodiversity through the loss of species, and the transformation of entire ecosystems. Many species are challenged by the pace of GCC because they might not be able to respond fast enough to changing biotic and abiotic conditions. Species can respond either by shifting their range, or by persisting in their local habitat. If populations...

Université de Fribourg

Comparative analysis of the shape and size of the middle ear cavity of turtles reveals no correlation with habitat ecology

Foth, Christian ; Evers, Serjoscha W. ; Joyce, Walter G. ; Volpato, Virginie S. ; Benson, Roger B. J.

In: Journal of Anatomy, 2019, no. 0, p. -

The middle ear of turtles differs from other reptiles in being separated into two distinct compartments. Several ideas have been proposed as to why the middle ear is compartmentalized in turtles, most suggesting a relationship with underwater hearing. Extant turtle species span fully marine to strictly terrestrial habitats, and ecomorphological hypotheses of turtle hearing predict that this...

Université de Fribourg

Silver(I) complexes with 4,7-phenanthroline efficient in rescuing the zebrafish embryos of lethal Candida albicans infection

Pavic, Aleksandar ; Savić, Nada D. ; Glišić, Biljana Đ. ; Crochet, Aurélien ; Vojnovic, Sandra ; Kurutos, Atanas ; Stanković, Dalibor M. ; Fromm, Katharina M. ; Nikodinovic-Runic, Jasmina ; Djuran, Miloš I.

In: Journal of Inorganic Biochemistry, 2019, vol. 195, p. 149–163

Five novel silver(I) complexes with 4,7-phenanthroline (4,7-phen), [Ag(NO3-O)(4,7- phen-μ-N4,N7)]n (1), [Ag(ClO4-О)(4,7-phen-μ-N4,N7)]n (2), [Ag(CF3COO-O)(4,7- phen-μ-N4,N7)]n (3), [Ag2(H2O)0.58(4,7-phen)3](SbF6)2 (4) and {[Ag2(H2O)(4,7- phen-μ-N4,N7)2](BF4)2}n (5) were synthesized, structurally elucidated and biologically evaluated. These complexes showed selectivity towards Candida spp....

Université de Fribourg

An emerging system to study photosymbiosis, brain regeneration, chronobiology, and behavior: the marine acoel symsagittifera roscoffensis

Arboleda, Enrique ; Hartenstein, Volker ; Martinez, Pedro ; Reichert, Heinrich ; Sen, Sonia ; Sprecher, Simon ; Bailly, Xavier

In: BioEssays, 2018, vol. 40, no. 10, p. 1800107

The acoel worm Symsagittifera roscoffensis, an early offshoot of the Bilateria and the only well-studied marine acoel that lives in a photosymbiotic relationship, exhibits a centralized nervous system, brain regeneration, and a wide repertoire of complex behaviors such as circatidal rhythmicity, photo/geotaxis, and social interactions. While this animal can be collected by the thousands and...