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Université de Fribourg

The record of Deinotheriidae from the Miocene of the Swiss Jura Mountains (Jura Canton, Switzerland)

Gagliardi, Fanny ; Maridet, Olivier ; Becker, Damien

In: bioRxiv, 2021, p. 244061

The Miocene sands of the Swiss Jura Mountains, long exploited in quarries for the construction industry, have yielded abundant fossil remains of large mammals. Among Deinotheriidae (Proboscidea), two species, Prodeinotherium bavaricum and Deinotherium giganteum, had previously been identified in the Delémont valley, but never described. A third species, Deinotherium levius, from the locality of...

Université de Fribourg

The rise of angiosperms pushed conifers to decline during global cooling

Condamine, Fabien L. ; Silvestro, Daniele ; Koppelhus, Eva B. ; Antonelli, Alexandre

In: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 2020, vol. 117, no. 46, p. 28867–28875

Competition among species and entire clades can impact species diversification and extinction, which can shape macroevolutionary patterns. The fossil record shows successive biotic turnovers such that a dominant group is replaced by another. One striking example involves the decline of gymnosperms and the rapid diversification and ecological dominance of angiosperms in the Cretaceous. It is...

Université de Fribourg

Disproportionate extinction of South American mammals drove the asymmetry of the Great American Biotic Interchange

Carrillo, Juan D. ; Faurby, Søren ; Silvestro, Daniele ; Zizka, Alexander ; Jaramillo, Carlos ; Bacon, Christine D. ; Antonelli, and Alexandre

In: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 2020, vol. 117, no. 42, p. 26281–26287

The biological interchange between North and South America associated with the formation of the Isthmus of Panama is key to defining current gradients of species diversity. A major gap in our understanding of the interchange is its asymmetry, where mammals of North American origin attained higher diversity in South America than vice versa. The prevailing view is that this asymmetry resulted...

Université de Fribourg

Richness, phylogenetic diversity, and abundance all have positive effects on invader performance in an arid ecosystem

El‐Barougy, Reham ; Mac, Ivor, J. Scott ; Arnillas, Carlos A. ; Nada, Reham M. ; Khedr, Abdel‐Hamid A. ; Cadotte, Marc W.

In: Ecosphere, 2020, vol. 11, no. 2, p. -

In search of generalities in biological invasions, it is sometimes forgotten that invader success can be a function of both the diversity of the invaded community and the relatedness of the invader relative to community residents. Both qualities are likely to be especially important in stressful ecosystems, and identifying the species and community attributes that influence biological ...

Università della Svizzera italiana

Explaining the microtubule energy balance : contributions due to dipole moments, charges, van der Waals and solvation energy

Ayoub, Ahmed Taha ; Staelens, Michael ; Prunotto, Alessio ; Deriu, Marco A. ; Danani, Andrea ; Klobukowski, Mariusz ; Tuszynski, Jack Adam

In: International journal of molecular sciences, 2017, vol. 18, no. 10, p. 2042

Microtubules are the main components of mitotic spindles, and are the pillars of the cellular cytoskeleton. They perform most of their cellular functions by virtue of their unique dynamic instability processes which alternate between polymerization and depolymerization phases. This in turn is driven by a precise balance between attraction and repulsion forces between the constituents of...

Università della Svizzera italiana

Insights into the effect of the G245S single point mutation on the structure of p53 and the binding of the protein to DNA

Lepre, Marco Gaetano ; Omar, Sara Ibrahim ; Grasso, Gianvito ; Morbiducci, Umberto ; Deriu, Marco Agostino ; Tuszynski, Jack A.

In: Molecules, 2017, vol. 22, no. 8, p. 1358

The transcription factor p53 is a potent tumor suppressor dubbed as the “guardian of the genome” because of its ability to orchestrate protective biological outputs in response to a variety of oncogenic stresses. Mutation and thus inactivation of p53 can be found in 50% of human tumors. The majority are missense mutations located in the DNA binding region. Among them, G245S is known to be...

Università della Svizzera italiana

A novel interaction between the TLR7 and a colchicine derivative revealed through a computational and experimental study

Gentile, Francesco ; Deriu, Marco A. ; Barakat, Khaled ; Danani, Andrea ; Tuszynski, Jack

In: Pharmaceuticals, 2018, vol. 11, no. 1, p. 22

The Toll-Like Receptor 7 (TLR7) is an endosomal membrane receptor involved in the innate immune system response. Its best-known small molecule activators are imidazoquinoline derivatives such as imiquimod (R-837) and resiquimod (R-848). Recently, an interaction between R-837 and the colchicine binding site of tubulin was reported. To investigate the possibility of an interaction between...

Université de Fribourg

A review of the fossil record of nonbaenid turtles of the clade Paracryptodira

Joyce, Walter G. ; Anquetin, Jérémy

In: Bulletin of the Peabody Museum of Natural History, 2019, vol. 60, no. 2, p. 129–155

The fossil record of nonbaenid paracryptodires ranges from the Late Jurassic (Kimmeridgian) to the Paleocene of North America and Europe only. Earlier remains may be present as early as the Middle Jurassic (Bathonian). Only a single dispersal event is documented between the two continents after their breakup during the Cretaceous in the form of the appearance of the Compsemys lineage in the ...

Université de Fribourg

Italian Ex-Votos and ‘Pro Anima’ Images in the Late Middle Ages

Bacci, Michele

In: Ex-Voto. Votive Giving Across Cultures, 2016, p. 76-105

Ex-voto; Pro-Anima Images