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Université de Fribourg

Unveiling the complete dispersion of the giant Rashba split surface states of ferroelectric α−GeTe(111) by alkali doping

Kremer, Geoffroy ; Jaouen, Thomas ; Salzmann, Björn ; Nicolaï, L. ; Rumo, Maxime ; Nicholson, Christopher W. ; Hildebrand, Baptiste ; Dil, J. Hugo ; Springholz, G. ; Krempasky, Juraj ; Monney, Claude

In: Physical Review Research, 2020, vol. 2, no. 3, p. 033115

α−GeTe(111) is a noncentrosymmetric ferroelectric material for which a strong spin- orbit interaction gives rise to giant Rashba split states in the bulk and at the surface. The detailed dispersions of the surface states inside the bulk band gap remains an open question because they are located in the unoccupied part of the electronic structure, making them inaccessible to static...

Université de Fribourg

Estimating glacier-bed overdeepenings as possible sites of future lakes in the de-glaciating Mont Blanc massif (Western European Alps)

Magnin, F. ; Haeberli, W. ; Linsbauer, Andreas ; Deline, P. ; Ravanel, L.

In: Geomorphology, 2020, vol. 350, p. 106913

De-glaciating high mountain areas result in new landscapes of bedrock and debris where permafrost can degrade, persist or even newly form in cases, and of new lakes in glacier bed overdeepenings (GBOs) becoming ice-free. These landscapes with new lakes in close neighborhood to over-steepened and perennially frozen slopes are prone to chain reaction processes (e.g. rock-ice avalanches into...

Université de Fribourg

Late Jurassic theropod dinosaur bones from the Langenberg Quarry (Lower Saxony, Germany) provide evidence for several theropod lineages in the central European archipelago

Evers, Serjoscha W. ; Wings, Oliver

In: PeerJ, 2020, vol. 8, p. e8437

Marine limestones and marls in the Langenberg Quarry provide unique insights into a Late Jurassic island ecosystem in central Europe. The beds yield a varied assemblage of terrestrial vertebrates including extremely rare bones of theropod from theropod dinosaurs, which we describe here for the first time. All of the theropod bones belong to relatively small individuals but represent a wide...

Université de Fribourg

Ancient mitogenomics clarifies radiation of extinct Mascarene giant tortoises ( Cylindraspis spp.)

Kehlmaier, Christian ; Graciá, Eva ; Campbell, Patrick D. ; Hofmeyr, Margaretha D. ; Schweiger, Silke ; Martínez-Silvestre, Albert ; Joyce, Walter G. ; Fritz, Uwe

In: Scientific Reports, 2019, vol. 9, no. 1, p. 1-7

The five extinct giant tortoises of the genus Cylindraspis belong to the most iconic species of the enigmatic fauna of the Mascarene Islands that went largely extinct after the discovery of the islands. To resolve the phylogeny and biogeography of Cylindraspis, we analysed a data set of 45 mitogenomes that includes all lineages of extant tortoises and eight near-complete sequences of all...

Université de Fribourg

Thin-film structural coloration from simple fused scales in moths

Kilchoer, Cédric ; Steiner, Ullrich ; Wilts, Bodo D.

In: Interface Focus, 2019, vol. 9, no. 1, p. 20180044

The metallic colouration of insects often originates from diverse nanostructures ranging from simple thin films to complex three-dimensional photonic crystals. In Lepidoptera, structural colouration is widely present and seems to be abundant in extant species. However, even some basal moths exhibit metallic colouration. Here, we have investigated the origin of the vivid metallic colours of...

Université de Fribourg

Silver(I) complexes with 4,7-phenanthroline efficient in rescuing the zebrafish embryos of lethal Candida albicans infection

Pavic, Aleksandar ; Savić, Nada D. ; Glišić, Biljana Đ. ; Crochet, Aurélien ; Vojnovic, Sandra ; Kurutos, Atanas ; Stanković, Dalibor M. ; Fromm, Katharina M. ; Nikodinovic-Runic, Jasmina ; Djuran, Miloš I.

In: Journal of Inorganic Biochemistry, 2019, vol. 195, p. 149–163

Five novel silver(I) complexes with 4,7-phenanthroline (4,7-phen), [Ag(NO3-O)(4,7- phen-μ-N4,N7)]n (1), [Ag(ClO4-О)(4,7-phen-μ-N4,N7)]n (2), [Ag(CF3COO-O)(4,7- phen-μ-N4,N7)]n (3), [Ag2(H2O)0.58(4,7-phen)3](SbF6)2 (4) and {[Ag2(H2O)(4,7- phen-μ-N4,N7)2](BF4)2}n (5) were synthesized, structurally elucidated and biologically evaluated. These complexes showed selectivity towards Candida spp....

Università della Svizzera italiana

Cxcl12 evolution – subfunctionalization of a ligand through altered interaction with the chemokine receptor

Boldajipour, Bijan ; Doitsidou, Maria ; Tarbashevich, Katsiaryna ; Laguri, Cedric ; Yu, Shuizi Rachel ; Ries, Jonas ; Dumstrei, Karin ; Thelen, Sylvia ; Dörries, Julia ; Messerschmidt, Esther-Maria ; Thelen, Marcus ; Schwille, Petra ; Brand, Michael ; Lortat-Jacob, Hugues ; Raz, Erez

In: Development, 2011, vol. 138, no. 14, p. 2909-2914

The active migration of primordial germ cells (PGCs) from their site of specification towards their target is a valuable model for investigating directed cell migration within the complex environment of the developing embryo. In several vertebrates, PGC migration is guided by Cxcl12, a member of the chemokine superfamily. Interestingly, two distinct Cxcl12 paralogs are expressed in zebrafish...

Université de Fribourg

The Evolution of Aging

Fabian, Daniel ; Flatt, Thomas

In: Nature Education Knowledge, 2011, vol. 3, no. 3, p. 1-10

Consortium of Swiss Academic Libraries

What contemporary viruses tell us about evolution: a personal view

Moelling, Karin

In: Archives of Virology, 2013, vol. 158, no. 9, p. 1833-1848