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Université de Fribourg

More Than Just Gender : Exploring Contextual Influences on Media Bias of Political Candidates

Rohrbach, Tobias ; Fiechtner, Stephanie ; Schönhagen, Philomen ; Puppis, Manuel

In: The International Journal of Press/Politics, 2020, vol. 25, no. 4, p. 692-711

Gender bias in the media coverage of political elections has long been theorized as a major obstacle to women’s success in elections and their institutional representation. However, this view of persistent media bias against women politicians is increasingly subject to pressure by inconsistent evidence of size and patterns of gender bias. This paper argues that some of these inconsistencies...

Université de Fribourg

Überstunden, Ausgleichsmöglichkeiten, Gesundheit und Work-Life Balance

Brauner, Corinna ; Wöhrmann, Anne Marit ; Backhaus, Nils ; Brenscheidt, Frank ; Tisch, Anita

In:, 2020, vol. 3, no. 5, p. Article: 3.5

Overtime is widely spread in Germany. Representative data from 7.765 respondents from the BAuA-Working Time Survey 2017 show that employees work an average of 3.9 hours per week longer than contractually agreed, with differences according to gender, full-time work, qualification levels and occupations. More than half of these are transitory overtime hours, which are compensated by free time....

Università della Svizzera italiana

Identification and structure of a multidonor class of head-directed influenza-neutralizing antibodies reveal the mechanism for its recurrent elicitation

Sao-Fong Cheung, Crystal ; Fruehwirth, Alexander ; Paparoditis, Philipp Carl Georg ; Shen, Chen-Hsiang ; Foglierini, Mathilde ; Joyce, M. Gordon ; Leung, Kwanyee ; Piccoli, Luca ; Rawi, Reda ; Silacci-Fregni, Chiara ; Tsybovsky, Yaroslav ; Verardi, Raffaello ; Wang, Lingshu ; Wang, Shuishu ; Yang, Eun Sung ; Zhang, Baoshan ; Zhang, Yi ; Chuang, Gwo-Yu ; Corti, Davide ; Mascola, John R. ; Shapiro, Lawrence ; Kwong, Peter D. ; Lanzavecchia, Antonio ; Zhou, Tongqing

In: Cell reports, 2020, vol. 32, no. 9, p. 12 p

Multidonor antibodies are of interest for vaccine design because they can in principle be elicited in the general population by a common set of immunogens. For influenza, multidonor antibodies have been observed against the hemagglutinin (HA) stem, but not the immunodominant HA head. Here, we identify and characterize a multidonor antibody class (LPAF-a class) targeting the HA head. This class...

Université de Fribourg

Cranial osteology of the early cretaceous turtle Pleurosternon bullockii (paracryptodira: pleurosternidae)

Evers, Serjoscha W. ; Rollot, Yann ; Joyce, Walter G.

In: PeerJ, 2020, vol. 8, p. e9454

Pleurosternon bullockii is a turtle from the Early Cretaceous of Europe known from numerous postcranial remains. Only one skull has so far been referred to the species. Pleurosternon bullockii belongs to a group of turtles called pleurosternids, which is thought to include several poorly known taxa from the Late Jurassic and Early Cretaceous of Europe and North America. Pleurosternids and...

Université de Fribourg

Neuroanatomy of the spinosaurid Irritator challengeri (Dinosauria: Theropoda) indicates potential adaptations for piscivory

Schade, Marco ; Rauhut, Oliver W. M. ; Evers, Serjoscha W.

In: Scientific Reports, 2020, vol. 10, no. 1, p. 9259

Spinosauridae, a theropod group characterized by elongated snouts, conical teeth, enlarged forelimbs, and often elongated neural spines, show evidence for semiaquatic adaptations and piscivory. It is currently debated if these animals represent terrestrial carnivores with adaptations for a piscivorous diet, or if they largely lived and foraged in aquatic habitats. The holotype of Irritator...

Université de Fribourg

Comparative analysis of the shape and size of the middle ear cavity of turtles reveals no correlation with habitat ecology

Foth, Christian ; Evers, Serjoscha W. ; Joyce, Walter G. ; Volpato, Virginie S. ; Benson, Roger B. J.

In: Journal of Anatomy, 2019, no. 0, p. -

The middle ear of turtles differs from other reptiles in being separated into two distinct compartments. Several ideas have been proposed as to why the middle ear is compartmentalized in turtles, most suggesting a relationship with underwater hearing. Extant turtle species span fully marine to strictly terrestrial habitats, and ecomorphological hypotheses of turtle hearing predict that this...

Université de Fribourg

A description of the skull of eubaena cephalica (hay, 1904) and new insights into the cranial circulation and innervation of baenid turtles

Rollot, Yann ; Lyson, Tyler R. ; Joyce, Walter G.

In: Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, 2018, vol. 38, no. 3, p. e1474886

The internal carotid system has played an important role in the systematics of fossil turtles, including baenids. A new, almost perfectly preserved specimen of Eubaena cephalica provides an opportunity to explore for the first time the cranial circulation and innervation of this taxon using CT (computed tomography) scans. We here document that the skull possesses a well-developed, branching...