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Università della Svizzera italiana

Microcredit impacts : evidence from a large-scale observational study in Brazil

Goldszmidt, Rafael ; Behr, Patrick ; Zucco, Cesar ; Lenz, Anna-Katharina ; Gonzalez, Lauro ; Valdivia, Martin

In: The european journal of development research, 2021, p. 27

This paper studies the impact of microcredit in Brazil. We use a propensity score matching on original primary data on business and personal outcomes to compare veteran clients of BNDES - Brazil’s largest government-owned development bank - to a matched sample of more recent clients. Based on administrative data as well as data from a survey of 2107 clients from the South and Northeast...

Université de Fribourg

A revision of Ophidiaster davidsoni de Loriol and Pellat 1874 from the Tithonian of Boulogne (France) and its transfer from the Valvatacea to the new forcipulatacean genus Psammaster gen. nov.

Fau, Marine ; Villier, Loïc ; Ewin, Timothy A. M. ; Gale, Andrew S.

In: Fossil Record, 2020, vol. 23, no. 2, p. 141–149

Forcipulatacea is one of the three major groups of extant sea stars (Asteroidea: Echinodermata), composed of 400 extant species, but only known from fewer than 25 fossil species. Despite unequivocal members being recognized in the early Jurassic, the evolutionary history of this group is still the subject of debate. Thus, the identification of any new fossil representatives is significant. We...

Université de Fribourg

A revision of the pelomedusoid turtle Jainemys pisdurensis from the Late Cretaceous (Maastrichtian) Lameta Formation of India

Joyce, Walter G. ; Bandyopadhyay, Saswati

In: PeerJ, 2020, vol. 8, p. e9330

Background: Jainemys pisdurensis comb. nov. is an extinct pleurodiran turtle from the Late Cretaceous (Maastrichtian) of India, previously referred to Carteremys and Shweboemys. The holotype, an eroded skull, had been collected near the village of Pisdura, south of Nagpur, in Maharashtra State, while all referred shell material originates from coeval sediments exposed at the nearby village of...

Université de Fribourg

A new species of baenid turtle from the Early Cretaceous Lakota Formation of South Dakota

Joyce, Walter G. ; Rollot, Yann ; Cifelli, Richard L.

In: Fossil Record, 2020, vol. 23, no. 1, p. 1–13

Baenidae is a clade of paracryptodiran turtles known from the late Early Cretaceous to Eocene of North America. The proposed sister-group relationship of Baenidae to Pleurosternidae, a group of turtles known from sediments dated as early as the Late Jurassic, suggests a ghost lineage that crosses the early Early Cretaceous. We here document a new species of paracryptodiran turtle, Lakotemys...

Université de Fribourg

Solenosmilia variabilis-bearing cold-water coral mounds off Brazil

Raddatz, J. ; Titschack, J. ; Frank, N. ; Freiwald, A. ; Conforti, A. ; Osborne, A. ; Skornitzke, S. ; Stiller, W. ; Rüggeberg, Andres ; Voigt, Silke ; Albuquerque, A. L. S. ; Vertino, A. ; Schröder-Ritzrau, A. ; Bahr, A.

In: Coral Reefs, 2020, vol. 39, no. 1, p. 69–83

Cold-water corals (CWC), dominantly Desmophyllum pertusum (previously Lophelia pertusa), and their mounds have been in the focus of marine research during the last two decades; however, little is known about the mound-forming capacity of other CWC species. Here, we present new 230Th/U age constraints of the relatively rarely studied framework-building CWC Solenosmilia variabilis from a mound...

Université de Fribourg

New paroxyclaenid mammals from the early Eocene of the Paris Basin (France) shed light on the origin and evolution of these endemic European cimolestans

Solé, Floréal ; Plateau, Olivia ; Le Verger, Kévin ; Phélizon, Alain

In: Journal of Systematic Palaeontology, 2019, vol. 17, no. 20, p. 1711–1743

We present new species of an enigmatic family of mammals, which is endemic to Europe, the Paroxyclaenidae: Merialus bruneti sp. nov., Fratrodon tresvauxi gen. et sp. nov., Paraspaniella gunnelli gen. et sp. nov., and Sororodon tresvauxae gen. et sp. nov. The fossils described come from six localities of the Ypresian of the Paris Basin (France): Pourcy (MP7), Mutigny, Avenay, Condé-en-Brie...

Università della Svizzera italiana

Potential of PEGylated toll-like receptor 7 ligands for controlling inflammation and functional changes in mouse models of asthma and silicosis

Teixeira Ferreira, Tatiana Paula ; Lacerda Mariano, Lívia ; Ghilosso-Bortolini, Roberta ; Santos de Arantes, Ana Carolina ; Fernandes, Andrey Junior ; Berni, Michelle ; Cecchinato, Valentina ; Uguccioni, Mariagrazia ; Maj, Roberto ; Barberis, Alcide ; Machado Rodrigues Silva, Patricia ; Martins, Marco Aurélio

In: Frontiers in immunology, 2016, vol. 7, p. 95

Prior investigations show that signaling activation through pattern recognition receptors can directly impact a number of inflammatory lung diseases. While toll-like receptor (TLR) 7 agonists have raised interest for their ability to inhibit allergen-induced pathological changes in experimental asthma conditions, the putative benefit of this treatment is limited by adverse effects. Our aim...