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Università della Svizzera italiana

Causal impacts of epidemics and pandemics on food supply chains : a systematic review

Cardoso, Brenda ; Cunha, Luiza ; Leiras, Adriana ; Gonçalves, Paulo ; Yoshizaki, Hugo ; de Brito Junior, Irineu ; Pedroso, Frederico

In: Sustainability, 2021, vol. 13, no. 17, p. 28

The epidemics and pandemics can severely affect food supply chains, including producers, retailers, wholesalers, and customers. To minimize their impacts, it is fundamental to implement effective policies that ensure continuity in the provision, affordability, and distribution of basic food items. This research identifies the main impacts of pandemics and epidemics on food supply chains and ...

Université de Fribourg

Enigmatic dinosaur precursors bridge the gap to the origin of Pterosauria

Ezcurra, Martín D. ; Nesbitt, Sterling J. ; Bronzati, Mario ; Vecchia, Fabio Marco Dalla ; Agnolin, Federico L. ; Benson, Roger B. J. ; Egli, Federico Brissón ; Cabreira, Sergio F. ; Evers, Serjoscha W. ; Gentil, Adriel R. ; Irmis, Randall B. ; Martinelli, Agustín G. ; Novas, Fernando E. ; Silva, Lúcio Roberto da ; Smith, Nathan D. ; Stocker, Michelle R. ; Turner, Alan H. ; Langer, Max C.

In: Nature, 2020, vol. 588, no. 2020-7838, p. 445–449

Pterosaurs were the first vertebrates to evolve powered flight1 and comprised one of the main evolutionary radiations in terrestrial ecosystems of the Mesozoic era (approximately 252–66 million years ago), but their origin has remained an unresolved enigma in palaeontology since the nineteenth century2,3,4. These flying reptiles have been hypothesized to be the close relatives of a wide...

Università della Svizzera italiana

Optimizing long-lasting insecticidal nets campaign in Ivory Coast

Brito Junior, Irineu de ; Uneddu, Silvia ; Maspero, Emma ; Gonçalves, Paulo

In: Logistics, 2020, vol. 4, no. 3, p. 21 p

This research supports the United Nations Children’s Fund’s (UNICEF) conceptualization, planning and implementation of a campaign for distribution of more than 12 million mosquito nets in Ivory Coast. Procured from four different suppliers in Asia, the nets were transported to the two ports in Ivory Coast before being pre-positioned at 71 Health Districts across the country, a mixed integer...

Université de Fribourg

Cranial osteology of the early cretaceous turtle Pleurosternon bullockii (paracryptodira: pleurosternidae)

Evers, Serjoscha W. ; Rollot, Yann ; Joyce, Walter G.

In: PeerJ, 2020, vol. 8, p. e9454

Pleurosternon bullockii is a turtle from the Early Cretaceous of Europe known from numerous postcranial remains. Only one skull has so far been referred to the species. Pleurosternon bullockii belongs to a group of turtles called pleurosternids, which is thought to include several poorly known taxa from the Late Jurassic and Early Cretaceous of Europe and North America. Pleurosternids and...

Université de Fribourg

Neuroanatomy of the spinosaurid Irritator challengeri (Dinosauria: Theropoda) indicates potential adaptations for piscivory

Schade, Marco ; Rauhut, Oliver W. M. ; Evers, Serjoscha W.

In: Scientific Reports, 2020, vol. 10, no. 1, p. 9259

Spinosauridae, a theropod group characterized by elongated snouts, conical teeth, enlarged forelimbs, and often elongated neural spines, show evidence for semiaquatic adaptations and piscivory. It is currently debated if these animals represent terrestrial carnivores with adaptations for a piscivorous diet, or if they largely lived and foraged in aquatic habitats. The holotype of Irritator...

Université de Fribourg

Feeding biomechanics suggests progressive correlation of skull architecture and neck evolution in turtles

Ferreira, Gabriel S. ; Lautenschlager, Stephan ; Evers, Serjoscha W. ; Pfaff, Cathrin ; Kriwet, Jürgen ; Raselli, Irena ; Werneburg, Ingmar

In: Scientific Reports, 2020, vol. 10, p. 5505

The origin of turtles is one of the most long-lasting debates in evolutionary research. During their evolution, a series of modifications changed their relatively kinetic and anapsid skull into an elongated akinetic structure with a unique pulley system redirecting jaw adductor musculature. These modifications were thought to be strongly correlated to functional adaptations, especially to bite...

Université de Fribourg

Assembling the jigsaw puzzle: CBX2 isoform 2 and its targets in disorders/differences of sex development

Sproll, Patrick ; Eid, Wassim ; Gomes, Camila R. ; Mendonca, Berenice B. ; Gomes, Nathalia L. ; Costa, Elaine M.-F. ; Biason-Lauber, Anna

In: Molecular Genetics & Genomic Medicine, 2018, vol. 6, no. 5, p. 785–795

Background One of the defining moments of human life occurs early during embryonic development, when individuals sexually differentiate into either male or female. Perturbation of this process can lead to disorders/differences of sex development (DSD). Chromobox protein homolog 2 (CBX2) has two distinct isoforms, CBX2.1 and CBX2.2: the role of CBX2.1 in DSD has been previously established,...

Université de Fribourg

Genetic and Functional Characterization of an MCR-3-Like Enzyme-Producing Escherichia coli Isolate Recovered from Swine in Brazil

Kieffer, Nicolas ; Nordmann, Patrice ; Moreno, Andrea Micke ; Zanolli Moreno, Luisa ; Chaby, Richard ; Breton, Aude ; Tissières, Pierre ; Poirel, Laurent

In: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy, 2018, vol. 62, no. 7, p. e00278-18

A collection of 126 pigs was screened for carriage of colistin-resistant Enterobacteriaceae in a farm in Minas Gerais, Brazil. Out of this collection, eight colistin-resistant Escherichia coli isolates were recovered, including one from Minas Gerais State producing a new MCR-3 variant (MCR-3.12). Analysis of the lipopolysaccharide revealed that MCR-3.12 had a function similar to that of MCR-1...

Université de Fribourg

A description of the skull of eubaena cephalica (hay, 1904) and new insights into the cranial circulation and innervation of baenid turtles

Rollot, Yann ; Lyson, Tyler R. ; Joyce, Walter G.

In: Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, 2018, vol. 38, no. 3, p. e1474886

The internal carotid system has played an important role in the systematics of fossil turtles, including baenids. A new, almost perfectly preserved specimen of Eubaena cephalica provides an opportunity to explore for the first time the cranial circulation and innervation of this taxon using CT (computed tomography) scans. We here document that the skull possesses a well-developed, branching...