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Université de Fribourg

The Green Lean Amine Machine : Harvesting Electric Power While Capturing Carbon Dioxide from Breath

Kalkus, Trevor J. ; Guha, Anirvan ; Scholten, Philip B. V. ; Nagornii, Dimitrii ; Coskun, Ali ; Ianiro, Alessandro ; Mayer, Michael

In: Advanced Science, 2021, p. 2100995

As wearable technologies redefine the way people exchange information, receive entertainment, and monitor health, the development of sustainable power sources that capture energy from the user's everyday activities garners increasing interest. Electric fishes, such as the electric eel and the torpedo ray, provide inspiration for such a power source with their ability to generate massive...

Université de Fribourg

A standard numbering scheme for class c β-lactamases

Mack, Andrew R. ; Barnes, Melissa D. ; Taracila, Magdalena A. ; Hujer, Andrea M. ; Hujer, Kristine M. ; Cabot, Gabriel ; Feldgarden, Michael ; Haft, Daniel H. ; Klimke, William ; Akker, Focco van den ; Vila, Alejandro J. ; Smania, Andrea ; Haider, Shozeb ; Papp-Wallace, Krisztina M. ; Bradford, Patricia A. ; Rossolini, Gian Maria ; Docquier, Jean-Denis ; Frère, Jean-Marie ; Galleni, Moreno ; Hanson, Nancy D. ; Oliver, Antonio ; Plésiatyz, Patrick ; Poirel, Laurent ; Nordmann, Patrice ; Palzkill, Timothy G. ; Jacoby, George A. ; Bush, Karen ; Bonomo, Robert A.

In: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy, 2020, vol. 64, no. 3, p. -

Unlike for classes A and B, a standardized amino acid numbering scheme has not been proposed for the class C (AmpC) β-lactamases, which complicates communication in the field. Here, we propose a scheme developed through a collaborative approach that considers both sequence and structure, preserves traditional numbering of catalytically important residues (Ser64, Lys67, Tyr150, and Lys315),...

Université de Fribourg

Body composition-derived BMI cut-offs for overweight and obesity in ethnic Indian and Creole urban children of Mauritius

Ramuth, Harris ; Hunma, Sadhna ; Ramessur, Vinaysing ; Ramuth, Magalutcheemee ; Monnard, Cathriona ; Montani, Jean-Pierre ; Schutz, Yves ; Joonas, Noorjehan ; Dulloo, Abdul G.

In: British Journal of Nutrition, 2020, vol. 124, no. 5, p. 481–492

It is increasingly recognised that the use of BMI cut-off points for diagnosing obesity (OB) and proxy measures for body fatness in a given population needs to take into account the potential impact of ethnicity on the BMI–fat % relationship in order to avoid adiposity status misclassification. This relationship was studied here in 377 Mauritian schoolchildren (200 boys and 177 girls, aged...

Université de Fribourg

What if dividends were tax-exempt? : Evidence from a natural experiment

Isakov, Dušan ; Pérignon, Christophe ; Weisskopf, Jean-Philippe

(Working Papers SES ; 498, revised)

We study the effect of dividend taxes on the payout and investment policy of listed firms and discuss their implications for agency problems. To do so, we exploit a unique setting in Switzerland where some, but not all, firms were suddenly able to pay tax-exempted dividends to their shareholders following the corporate tax reform of 2011. Using a difference-indifferences specification, we...

Université de Fribourg

3D morphology of pharyngeal dentition of the genus Capoeta (Cyprinidae): Implications for taxonomy and phylogeny

Ayvazyan, Anna ; Vasilyan, Davit ; Böhme, Madelaine

In: Journal of Zoological Systematics and Evolutionary Research, 2019, vol. 57, no. 1, p. 179–190

Capoeta is a herbivorous cyprinid fish genus, widely distributed in water bodies of Western Asia. Recent species show a distinct biogeographic pattern with endemic distribution in large fluvial drainage basins. As other cyprinids, the species of this genus are characterized by the presence of the pharyngeal bone with pharyngeal teeth. Despite this, the detailed morphology of the pharyngeal...

Université de Fribourg

What if dividends were tax-exempt? : evidence from a natural experiment

Isakov, Dušan ; Pérignon, Christophe ; Weisskopf, Jean-Philippe

(Working Papers SES ; 498)

We study the effect of dividend taxes on the payout and investment policy of listed firms and discuss their implications for agency problems. To do so, we exploit a unique setting in Switzerland where some, but not all, firms were suddenly able to pay tax-exempted dividends to their shareholders following the corporate tax reform of 2011. Using a difference-in-differences specification, we...

Université de Fribourg

Time to cut: population models reveal how to mow invasive common ragweed cost-effectively

Lommen, Suzanne T. E. ; Jongejans, Eelke ; Leitsch-Vitalos, Melinda ; Tokarska-Guzik, Barbara ; Zalai, Mihály ; Müller-Schärer, Heinz ; Karrer, Gerhard

In: NeoBiota, 2018, vol. 39, p. 53–78

Roadsides are an important habitat for invasive common ragweed, Ambrosia artemisiifolia L., by facilitating seed dispersal. Reducing the size of roadside populations is therefore essential for confining this highly allergenic species. Here, we aim to determine the cost-effectiveness of mowing regimes varying in frequency and timing, by analysing population-level effects and underlying...