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Université de Fribourg

The importance of input data quality and quantity in climate field reconstructions – results from the assimilation of various tree-ring collections

Franke, Jörg ; Valler, Veronika ; Brönnimann, Stefan ; Neukom, Raphael ; Jaume-Santero, Fernando

In: Climate of the Past, 2020, vol. 16, no. 3, p. 1061–1074

Differences between paleoclimatic reconstructions are caused by two factors: the method and the input data. While many studies compare methods, we will focus in this study on the consequences of the input data choice in a state-of-the-art Kalman- filter paleoclimate data assimilation approach. We evaluate reconstruction quality in the 20th century based on three collections of tree-ring...

Université de Fribourg

Polymerization‐induced wrinkled surfaces with controlled topography as slippery surfaces for colorado potato beetles

Bergmann, Johannes B. ; Moatsou, Dafni ; Surapaneni, Venkata A. ; Thielen, Marc ; Speck, Thomas ; Wilts, Bodo D. ; Steiner, Ullrich

In: Advanced Materials Interfaces, 2020, p. 2000129

Controlling the interaction of insect populations with their host plants has recently received renewed attention in the light of pest control. One way to modify the interaction of insects with their host plants in a non‐chemical way is through influence of their de/attachment. Insect detachment has been observed for textured biological and structured artificial surfaces with morphologies ...

Université de Fribourg

Global biogeographic synthesis and priority conservation regions of the relict tree family Juglandaceae

Song, Yi‐Gang ; Fragnière, Yann ; Meng, Hong‐Hu ; Li, Ying ; Bétrisey, Sébastien ; Corrales, Adriana ; Manchester, Steven ; Deng, Min ; Jasińska, Anna K. ; Văn Sâm, Hoàng ; Kozlowski, Gregor

In: Journal of Biogeography, 2020, vol. 47, no. 3, p. 643–657

Aim To establish a complete database of Juglandaceae at a spatiotemporal scale and develop a phylogeographic framework with which to elucidate the distributional patterns, diversity patterns, origins, evolution, and conservation priority regions of this family. Location Worldwide. Taxon Walnut family (Juglandaceae). Methods Data on the distribution of all the extant and fossil species of...

Université de Fribourg

Age and synchronicity of planktonic foraminiferal bioevents across the Cenomanian – Turonian boundary interval (Late Cretaceous)

Falzoni, Francesca ; Petrizzo, Maria Rose ; Caron, Michèle ; Leckie, R. Mark ; Elderbak, Khalifa

In: Newsletters on Stratigraphy, 2018, vol. 51, no. 3, p. 343–380

The upper Cenomanian – lower Turonian is a key-stratigraphic interval, as it encompasses the Late Cretaceous supergreenhouse and a major perturbation of the global carbon cycle (i. e., Oceanic Anoxic Event 2) as evidenced by a global positive carbon isotope excursion and by the nearly world-wide deposition of organic-rich marine facies. A turnover in planktonic foraminiferal assemblages and...