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Haute école de gestion de Genève

How much can bulk stores help reduce carbon footprint by limiting plastic food packaging ?

Jarel Rodriguez, Anaïs ; Milet, Emmanuel (Dir.)

Mémoire de bachelor : Haute école de gestion de Genève, 2020 ; TDIBM 67.

This report focuses on the quantity of food packaging waste consumed by an average single individual, residing in Switzerland. It is based on the household budget survey published by the Federal Statistical Office (FSO). This budget survey mentions the food quantities monthly consumed by a single individual and thus, the packaging waste could be computed accordingly. The objective is to compare...

Université de Fribourg

Tissue-specific transcription footprinting using RNA PoI DamID (RAPID) in Caenorhabditis elegans

Gómez-Saldivar, Georgina ; Osuna-Luque, Jaime ; Semple, Jennifer I. ; Glauser, Dominique A. ; Jarriault, Sophie ; Meister, Peter

In: Genetics, 2020, vol. 216, no. 4, p. 931–945

Differential gene expression across cell types underlies development and cell physiology in multicellular organisms. Caenorhabditis elegans is a powerful, extensively used model to address these biological questions. A remaining bottleneck relates to the difficulty to obtain comprehensive tissue-specific gene transcription data, since available methods are still challenging to execute and/or...

Université de Fribourg

Birds have peramorphic skulls, too: anatomical network analyses reveal oppositional heterochronies in avian skull evolution

Plateau, Olivia ; Foth, Christian

In: Communications Biology, 2020, vol. 3, no. 1, p. 195

In contrast to the vast majority of reptiles, the skulls of adult crown birds are characterized by a high degree of integration due to bone fusion, e.g., an ontogenetic event generating a net reduction in the number of bones. To understand this process in an evolutionary context, we investigate postnatal ontogenetic changes in the skulls of crown bird and non-avian theropods using anatomical...

Université de Fribourg

Sedimentary record of arc-continent collision along mesozoic SW north america (Siuna belt, Nicaragua)

Andjić, Goran ; Escuder‐Viruete, Javier ; Baumgartner‐Mora, Claudia ; Baumgartner, Peter O. ; Mitchell, Simon F. ; Caron, Michèle ; Caus, Esmeralda

In: Tectonics, 2019, vol. 38, no. 12, p. 4399–4425

The western margin of the Caribbean Plate is a typical example where oceanic and continental terranes have amalgamated by subduction, collision, and strike‐slip processes. The boundaries between these blocks, as well as their tectonostratigraphic records, are generally covered by younger deposits and dense tropical vegetation, which may hamper reconstructing the accretionary evolution of...

Université de Fribourg

Kin-dependent dispersal influences relatedness and genetic structuring in a lek system

Cayuela, Hugo ; Boualit, Laurent ; Laporte, Martin ; Prunier, Jérôme G. ; Preiss, Françoise ; Laurent, Alain ; Foletti, Francesco ; Clobert, Jean ; Jacob, Gwenaël

In: Oecologia, 2019, vol. 191, no. 1, p. 97–112

Kin selection and dispersal play a critical role in the evolution of cooperative breeding systems. Limited dispersal increases relatedness in spatially structured populations (population viscosity), with the result that neighbours tend to be genealogical relatives. Yet the increase in neighbours’ fitness-related performance through altruistic interaction may also result in habitat...

Université de Fribourg

The diversity of population responses to environmental change

Colchero, Fernando ; Jones, Owen R. ; Conde, Dalia A. ; Hodgson, David ; Zajitschek, Felix ; Schmidt, Benedikt R. ; Malo, Aurelio F. ; Alberts, Susan C. ; Becker, Peter H. ; Bouwhuis, Sandra ; Bronikowski, Anne M. ; Vleeschouwer, Kristel M. ; Delahay, Richard J. ; Dummermuth, Stefan ; Fernández‐Duque, Eduardo ; Frisenvænge, John ; Hesselsøe, Martin ; Larson, Sam ; Lemaître, Jean‐François ; McDonald, Jennifer ; Miller, David A.W. ; O'Donnell, Colin ; Packer, Craig ; Raboy, Becky E. ; Reading, Chris J. ; Wapstra, Erik ; Weimerskirch, Henri ; While, Geoffrey M. ; Baudisch, Annette ; Flatt, Thomas ; Coulson, Tim ; Gaillard, Jean‐Michel

In: Ecology Letters, 2019, p. -

The current extinction and climate change crises pressure us to predict population dynamics with ever‐greater accuracy. Although predictions rest on the well‐advanced theory of age‐structured populations, two key issues remain poorly explored. Specifically, how the age‐dependency in demographic rates and the year‐to‐year interactions between survival and fecundity affect...