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Université de Fribourg

The record of Deinotheriidae from the Miocene of the Swiss Jura Mountains (Jura Canton, Switzerland)

Gagliardi, Fanny ; Maridet, Olivier ; Becker, Damien

In: bioRxiv, 2021, p. 244061

The Miocene sands of the Swiss Jura Mountains, long exploited in quarries for the construction industry, have yielded abundant fossil remains of large mammals. Among Deinotheriidae (Proboscidea), two species, Prodeinotherium bavaricum and Deinotherium giganteum, had previously been identified in the Delémont valley, but never described. A third species, Deinotherium levius, from the locality of...

Université de Fribourg

The rise of angiosperms pushed conifers to decline during global cooling

Condamine, Fabien L. ; Silvestro, Daniele ; Koppelhus, Eva B. ; Antonelli, Alexandre

In: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 2020, vol. 117, no. 46, p. 28867–28875

Competition among species and entire clades can impact species diversification and extinction, which can shape macroevolutionary patterns. The fossil record shows successive biotic turnovers such that a dominant group is replaced by another. One striking example involves the decline of gymnosperms and the rapid diversification and ecological dominance of angiosperms in the Cretaceous. It is...

Université de Fribourg

Dental anomaly in a middle Miocene fossil of the genus Spermophilinus (Rodentia, Sciuridae) from southern Germany

Prieto, Jérôme ; Rummel, Michael ; Peláez-Campomanes, Pablo ; Vasilyan, Davit

In: Fossil Imprint, 2020, vol. 76, no. 1, p. 174-180

The maxillary presented in this work has been excavated in the middle Miocene karst filling Petersbuch 136 (Germany, Bavaria) and shows the oldest evidence of dental anomaly in a sciurid. The aberrant morphology, probably hyperdontia or no replacement of roots of deciduous teeth, affects the area of the P3, a tooth that is generally not well documented in the Spermophilinus record.

Université de Fribourg

The Eomyidae in Asia: Biogeography, diversity and dispersals

Kimura, Yuri ; Casanovas-Vilar, Isaac ; Maridet, Olivier ; Kalthoff, Daniela C. ; Mörs, Thomas ; Tomida, Yukimitsu

In: Fossil Imprint, 2020, vol. 76, no. 1, p. 181-200

In Asia, the first find of an eomyid rodent was reported almost one century after the first studies of the family Eomyidae in North America and Europe. Since then, eomyid rodents have been increasingly found in Asia particularly over the past two decades. Here, we review the Asian record of this family at the genus level. Currently, 22 species within 14 genera were reported from Asia,...

Università della Svizzera italiana

Perception-aware computational fabrication : increasing the apparent gamut of digital fabrication

Piovarči, Michal ; Didyk, Piotr (Dir.)

Thèse de doctorat : Università della Svizzera italiana, 2020 ; 2020INFO015.

Haptic and visual feedback are important for assessing objects' quality and affordance. One of the benefits of additive manufacturing is that it enables the creation of objects with personalized tactile and visual properties. This personalization is realized by the ability to deposit functionally graded materials at microscopic resolution. However, faithfully reproducing real-world objects on a...

Université de Fribourg

The past and future human impact on mammalian diversity

Andermann, Tobias ; Faurby, Søren ; Turvey, Samuel T. ; Antonelli, Alexandre ; Silvestro, Daniele

In: Science Advances, 2020, vol. 6, no. 36, p. eabb2313

To understand the current biodiversity crisis, it is crucial to determine how humans have affected biodiversity in the past. However, the extent of human involvement in species extinctions from the Late Pleistocene onward remains contentious. Here, we apply Bayesian models to the fossil record to estimate how mammalian extinction rates have changed over the past 126,000 years, inferring...

Università della Svizzera italiana

Fabrication-in-the-loop co-optimization of surfaces and styli for drawing haptics

Piovarči, Michal ; Kaufman, Danny M. ; Levin, David I. W. ; Didyk, Piotr

In: ACM transactions on graphics, 2020, vol. 39, no. 4, p. 16 p

Digital drawing tools are now standard in art and design workflows. These tools offer comfort, portability, and precision as well as native integration with digital-art workflows, software, and tools. At the same time, artists continue to work with long-standing, traditional drawing tools. One feature of traditional tools, well-appreciated by many artists and lacking in digital tools, is the...

Università della Svizzera italiana

Towards spatially varying gloss reproduction for 3D printing

Piovarči, Michal ; Foshey, Michael ; Babaei, Vahid ; Rusinkiewicz, Szymon ; Matusik, Wojciech ; Didyk, Piotr

In: ACM transactions on graphics, 2020, vol. 39, no. 6, p. 13 p

3D printing technology is a powerful tool for manufacturing complex shapes with high-quality textures. Gloss, next to color and shape, is one of the most salient visual aspects of an object. Unfortunately, printing a wide range of spatially-varying gloss properties using state-of-the-art 3D printers is challenging as it relies on geometrical modifications to achieve the desired appearance. A...