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Université de Fribourg

Phylogeny, taxonomy, and biogeography of Pterocarya (Juglandaceae)

Song, Yi-Gang ; Li, Ying ; Meng, Hong-Hu ; Fragnière, Yann ; Ge, Bin-Jie ; Sakio, Hitoshi ; Yousefzadeh, Hamed ; Bétrisey, Sébastien ; Kozlowski, Gregor

In: Plants, 2020, vol. 9, no. 11, p. 1524

Relict species play an important role in understanding the biogeography of intercontinental disjunctions. Pterocarya (a relict genus) is the valuable model taxon for studying the biogeography of East Asian versus southern European/West Asian disjunct patterns. This disjunction has not been as well studied as others (e.g., between Eastern Asia and North America). Several phylogenetic studies...

Université de Fribourg

Disproportionate extinction of South American mammals drove the asymmetry of the Great American Biotic Interchange

Carrillo, Juan D. ; Faurby, Søren ; Silvestro, Daniele ; Zizka, Alexander ; Jaramillo, Carlos ; Bacon, Christine D. ; Antonelli, and Alexandre

In: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 2020, vol. 117, no. 42, p. 26281–26287

The biological interchange between North and South America associated with the formation of the Isthmus of Panama is key to defining current gradients of species diversity. A major gap in our understanding of the interchange is its asymmetry, where mammals of North American origin attained higher diversity in South America than vice versa. The prevailing view is that this asymmetry resulted...