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Université de Fribourg

Addressing the Concerns About Carbon Leakage in the Implementation of Carbon Pricing Policies : a Focus on the Issue of Competitiveness

Rey, Florian ; Madiès, Thierry

In: Journal of Industrial and Business Economics, 2021, vol. 48, p. 53-75

This article investigates whether the implementation of asymmetric carbon pricing policies leads to carbon leakage. We first present the theoretical mechanisms behind carbon leakage. Secondly, we conduct a review of the existing empirical results of carbon leakage. We focus on the competitiveness channel and therefore rely on papers analysing the effects of asymmetric carbon prices on both...

Consortium of Swiss Academic Libraries

Der Mensch im Mittelpunkt der Fabrik von morgen

Richter, Alexander ; Heinrich, Peter ; Stocker, Alexander ; Unzeitig, Wolfgang

In: HMD Praxis der Wirtschaftsinformatik, 2015, vol. 52, no. 5, p. 690-712

Université de Fribourg

The rise of angiosperms pushed conifers to decline during global cooling

Condamine, Fabien L. ; Silvestro, Daniele ; Koppelhus, Eva B. ; Antonelli, Alexandre

In: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 2020, vol. 117, no. 46, p. 28867–28875

Competition among species and entire clades can impact species diversification and extinction, which can shape macroevolutionary patterns. The fossil record shows successive biotic turnovers such that a dominant group is replaced by another. One striking example involves the decline of gymnosperms and the rapid diversification and ecological dominance of angiosperms in the Cretaceous. It is...

Université de Fribourg

Assessing the impact of diagenesis on foraminiferal geochemistry from a low latitude, shallow-water drift deposit

Stainbank, Stephanie ; Spezzaferri, Silvia ; Boever, Eva De ; Bouvier, Anne-Sophie ; Chilcott, Colin ; Leau, Erica S.de ; Foubert, Anneleen ; Kunkelova, Tereza ; Pichevin, Laetitia ; Raddatz, Jacek ; Rüggeberg, Andres ; D.Wright, James ; M.Yu, Siyao ; Zhang, Manlin ; Kroon, Dick

In: Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 2020, vol. 545, p. 116390

Due to their large heat and moisture storage capabilities, the tropics are fundamental in modulating both regional and global climate. Furthermore, their thermal response during past extreme warming periods, such as super interglacials, is not fully resolved. In this regard, we present high-resolution (analytical) foraminiferal geochemical (δ18O and Mg/Ca) records for the last 1800 kyr from...

Université de Fribourg

Cold-water coral mound archive provides unique insights into intermediate water mass dynamics in the alboran sea during the last deglaciation

Fentimen, Robin ; Feenstra, Eline ; Rüggeberg, Andres ; Vennemann, Torsten ; Hajdas, Irka ; Adatte, Thierry ; Van Rooij, David ; Foubert, Anneleen

In: Frontiers in Marine Science, 2020, vol. 7, p. -

The Alboran Sea is widely recognized to host numerous cold-water coral ecosystems, including the East Melilla Coral Province. Yet, their development through time and response to climatic variability has still to be fully understood. Based on a combined investigation of benthic foraminiferal assemblages, foraminiferal stable isotope compositions, grain size analysis, sediment geochemistry, and...

Université de Fribourg

Living (stained) foraminifera in the Lesser Syrtis (Tunisia): influence of pollution and substratum

El Kateb, Akram ; Beccari, Valentina ; Stainbank, Stephanie ; Spezzaferri, Silvia ; Coletti, Giovanni

In: PeerJ, 2020, p. e8839

Foraminifera are protozoans with biomineralized tests that can be successfully used as a low cost monitoring tool to assess the health status of marine environments. Living benthic foraminiferal assemblages can provide essential information on natural and/or anthropogenic stresses and provide baseline conditions for studies on fossil material. Several studies have highlighted the negative impact...

Université de Fribourg

Preliminary video-spatial analysis of cold seep bivalve beds at the base of the continental slope of Israel (Palmahim Disturbance)

Beccari, V. ; Basso, D. ; Spezzaferri, Silvia ; Rüggeberg, A. ; Neuman, A. ; Makovsky, Y.

In: Deep Sea Research Part II: Topical Studies in Oceanography, 2020, vol. 171, p. 104664

Seafloor video surveys were carried out with the ROV Max Rover in the Palmahim Disturbance (PD) area, offshore Israel, in September 2016 during the EUROFLEETS2 SEMSEEP cruise on board the R/V AEGAEO. Preliminary observations of distribution and frequencies of bivalve accumulations show that they are mostly composed by Lucinoma kazani shells. Valves are distributed mainly along the base of...

Université de Fribourg

Foraminiferal-based biotic indices to assess the ecological quality status of the Gulf of Gabes (Tunisia): Present limitations and future perspectives

Kateb, Akram El ; Stalder, Claudio ; Martínez-Colón, Michael ; Mateu-Vicens, Guillem ; Francescangeli, Fabio ; Coletti, Giovanni ; Stainbank, Stephanie ; Spezzaferri, Silvia

In: Ecological Indicators, 2020, vol. 111, p. 105962

Biotic indices are tools to assess the ecological status of marine systems, and can be based on different metrics (such as ecological groups, specific diversity). The present study applies five biotic indices based on living (stained) benthic foraminiferal assemblages to assess ecological conditions in a wide area of the Mediterranean Sea in the heavily polluted Gulf of Gabes and along the...

Université de Fribourg

Impact of bottom water currents on benthic foraminiferal assemblages in a cold-water coral environment: The Moira Mounds (NE Atlantic)

Fentimen, Robin ; Lim, Aaron ; Rüggeberg, Andres ; Wheeler, Andrew J. ; Rooij, David Van ; Foubert, Anneleen

In: Marine Micropaleontology, 2020, vol. 154, p. 101799

Strong bottom currents play a key role in cold-water coral environments by shaping their morphology and providing the necessary food for the corals to thrive. This study investigates the differences between living and dead benthic foraminiferal assemblages in such environments, more precisely on the Moira Mounds (NE Atlantic). A specific focus is to understand the role of currents and their...