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Università della Svizzera italiana

Institutional barriers to participation in EU framework programs : contrasting the Swiss and UK cases

Cavallaro, Marco ; Lepori, Benedetto

In: Scientometrics, 2021, vol. 126, no. 2, p. 1311–1328

The aim of this study was to examine how institutional barriers arising from policy decisions influence the level of participation of third- party countries in European Framework Programs (EU-FPs). To achieve this, we contrasted the effect of EU funding restrictions following Switzerland’s 2014 reclassification as a “third country” in Horizon 2020, and the political uncertainties resulting...

Université de Fribourg

Photic stress on coral reefs in the Maldives: The Amphistegina bleaching index

Stainbank, Stephanie ; Spezzaferri, Silvia ; Beccari, Valentina ; Hallock, Pamela ; Adams, Arthur ; Angeloz, Aurelie ; Basso, Daniela ; Caragnano, Annalisa ; Piero, Nicolo Del ; Dietsche, Patrick ; Eymard, Ines ; Farley, Nicholas ; Fau, Marine ; Foubert, Anneleen ; Lauper, Bruno ; Lehmann, Anael ; Maillet, Marine ; Negga, Haileyesus ; Ordonez, Luis ; Peyrotty, Giovan ; Rime, Valentin ; Rüggeberg, Andres ; Schoellhorn, Iris ; Vimpere, Lucas

In: Ecological Indicators, 2020, vol. 113, p. 106257

The Amphistegina Bleaching Index (ABI) was applied to three Maldivian reefs in the Rasdhoo and North Ari Atolls in 2018, during normal sea surface temperature conditions. This dataset was then compared with a 2015, pre-coral bleaching study. The results provide a context for the verification and application of the ABI in outlining the photo-inhibitory stress status of coral reefs outside of...

Haute Ecole pédagogique Fribourg

Collaborative online international learning : from a systematic review of literature about barriers to an implementation plan

Alvarez, Lionel ; Steiner, Mariana

In: ASEM Education in a digital world : bridging the continents - connecting the people, 2019, p. 18-29

A university program that allow students to collaborate online with culturally-diverse learners is an opportunity that is currently valued. Collaborative online international learning (COIL) programs have been developed for several years, and previous experiences offer insights about what makes their design and implementation difficult. The systematic literature review presented in this paper...

Université de Fribourg

Ecological constraints coupled with deep-time habitat dynamics predict the latitudinal diversity gradient in reef fishes

Gaboriau, Théo ; Albouy, Camille ; Descombes, Patrice ; Mouillot, David ; Pellissier, Loïc ; Leprieur, Fabien

In: Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 2019, vol. 286, no. 1911, p. 20191506

We develop a spatially explicit model of diversification based on palaeohabitat to explore the predictions of four major hypotheses potentially explaining the latitudinal diversity gradient (LDG), namely, the ‘time-area’, ‘tropical niche conservatism’, ‘ecological limits’ and ‘evolutionary speed’ hypotheses. We compare simulation outputs to observed diversity gradients in the...

Université de Fribourg

Exploring barriers to consistent condom use among sub-Saharan African young immigrants in Switzerland

Mileti, Francesca Poglia ; Mellini, Laura ; Sulstarova, Brikela ; Villani, Michela ; Singy, Pascal

In: AIDS care, 2018, vol. 31, no. 1, p. 113-116

No study to date has focused on barriers to condom use specifically among young immigrants to Europe from sub-Saharan Africa. Based on a qualitative study in sociology, this paper explores generational differences in barriers to condom use between first-generation immigrants (born in Africa and arrived in Switzerland after age 10) and second-generation immigrants (born in Switzerland to two...

Université de Fribourg

Pleistocene sea-floor fibrous crusts and spherulites in the Danakil Depression (Afar, Ethiopia)

Jaramillo‐Vogel, David ; Foubert, Anneleen ; Braga, Juan Carlos ; Schaegis, Jean‐Charles ; Atnafu, Balemwal ; Grobéty, Bernard ; Kidane, Tesfaye

In: Sedimentology, 2019, vol. 66, no. 2, p. 480–512

Pleistocene fibrous aragonite fabrics, including crusts and spherules, occur in the Danakil Depression (Afar, Ethiopia) following the deposition of two distinctive Middle and Late Pleistocene coralgal reef units and pre‐dating the precipitation of evaporites. Crusts on top of the oldest reef unit (Marine Isotope Stage 7) cover and fill cavities within a red algal framework. The younger...

Université de Fribourg

Cyclostratigraphy of shallow-marine carbonates – limitations and opportunities

Strasser, André

In: Stratigraphy & Timescales, 2018, vol. 3, p. 151–187

The sedimentary record of ancient shallow-marine carbonate platforms commonly displays a stacking of different facies, which reflects repetitive changes of depositional environments through time. These changes can be induced by external factors such as cyclical changes in climate and/or sea level, but also by internal factors such as lateral migration of sediment bodies and/or changes in the...

Université de Fribourg

Multi-proxy facies analysis of the Opalinus Clay and depositional implications (Mont Terri rock laboratory, Switzerland)

Lauper, Bruno ; Jaeggi, David ; Deplazes, Gaudenz ; Foubert, Anneleen

In: Swiss Journal of Geosciences, 2018, vol. 111, no. 3, p. 383–398

Located in NW Switzerland, the Mont Terri rock laboratory is a research facility primarily investigating the Opalinus Clay as potential host rock for deep geological disposal of radioactive waste. In the Mont Terri area, this Jurassic shale formation is characterized by three distinctive lithofacies: a shaly facies, a carbonate-rich sandy facies and a sandy facies. However, the lithological...

Université de Fribourg

Carbonate mounds of the Moroccan Mediterranean margin: Facies and environmental controls

Terhzaz, Loubna ; Hamoumi, Naima ; Spezzaferri, Silvia ; El Lotfi, Mostapha ; Henriet, Jean-Pierre

In: Comptes Rendus Geoscience, 2018, vol. 350, no. 5, p. 212–221

Sedimentological and geochemical studies of boxcores from the Brittlestar Ridge I and Cabliers carbonate mounds, along the Moroccan Mediterranean margin, show that sediments are composed of cold water scleratian corals and micritic mud, muddy micrite or muddy allochem limestone matrix, outlining seven different facies that can be attributed to “cluster reefs”. The mixed...