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Université de Fribourg

Henricus Totting de Oyta's and Nicole Oresme's Commentaries on Meteorology: Some New Identifications in Central and Eastern Europe

Panzica, Aurora

In: Bulletin de philosophie médiévale, 2020, vol. 62, p. 195-211

This article draws attention to two newly identified manuscipts transmitting Henricus Totting de Oyta’s Expositio in Meteorologica: ms. Praha, Národní Knihovna Ceské Republiky VIII.E.6 (olim 1531) and ms. Kraków, Uniwersytet Jagielloński, Biblioteka Jagiellońska 674. Interestingly, in the Cracovian manuscript Henricus’ Expositio is combined with the second redaction of Nicole Oresme’s...

Université de Fribourg

Low prevalence of lactase persistence in bronze age europe indicates ongoing strong selection over the last 3,000 years

Burger, Joachim ; Link, Vivian ; Blöcher, Jens ; Schulz, Anna ; Sell, Christian ; Pochon, Zoé ; Diekmann, Yoan ; Žegarac, Aleksandra ; Hofmanová, Zuzana ; Winkelbach, Laura ; Reyna-Blanco, Carlos S. ; Bieker, Vanessa ; Orschiedt, Jörg ; Brinker, Ute ; Scheu, Amelie ; Leuenberger, Christoph ; Bertino, Thomas S. ; Bollongino, Ruth ; Lidke, Gundula ; Stefanović, Sofija ; Jantzen, Detlef ; Kaiser, Elke ; Terberger, Thomas ; Thomas, Mark G. ; Veeramah, Krishna R. ; Wegmann, Daniel

In: Current Biology, 2020, p. -

Lactase persistence (LP), the continued expression of lactase into adulthood, is the most strongly selected single gene trait over the last 10,000 years in multiple human populations. It has been posited that the primary allele causing LP among Eurasians, rs4988235-A [1], only rose to appreciable frequencies during the Bronze and Iron Ages [2, 3], long after humans started consuming milk from...

Université de Fribourg

The last Palaeoproteus (Urodela: Batrachosauroididae) of Europe

Vasilyan, Davit ; Yanenko, Vadym

In: Scientific Reports, 2020, vol. 10, p. 2733

The Batrachosauroididae are an enigmatic group of salamanders known from the Cretaceous and Tertiary of North America and Europe. In Europe, the family is known only by two species of the genus Palaeoproteus. The genus has limited distribution in Western and Central Europe. In the present paper, we describe a new species, Palaeoproteus miocenicus, from the early late Miocene (11–9 Ma) of...

Université de Fribourg

Fossil amphibians and reptiles from the Neogene locality of Maramena (Greece), the most diverse European herpetofauna at the Miocene/Pliocene transition boundary

Georgalis, Georgios L. ; Villa, Andrea ; Ivanov, Martin ; Vasilyan, Davit ; Delfino, Massimo

In: Palaeontologia Electronica, 2019, p. -

We herein describe the fossil amphibians and reptiles from the Neogene (latest Miocene or earliest Pliocene; MN 13/14) locality of Maramena, in northern Greece. The herpetofauna is shown to be extremely diverse, comprising at least 30 different taxa. Amphibians include at least six urodelan (Cryptobranchidae indet., Salamandrina sp., Lissotriton sp. [Lissotriton vulgaris group], Lissotriton sp.,...

Université de Fribourg

Early Miocene herpetofaunas from the Greek localities of Aliveri and Karydia – bridging a gap in the knowledge of amphibians and reptiles from the early Neogene of southeastern Europe

Georgalis, Georgios L. ; Villa, Andrea ; Ivanov, Martin ; Roussiakis, Socrates ; Skandalos, Panagiotis ; Delfino, Massimo

In: Historical Biology, 2019, vol. 31, no. 8, p. 1045–1064

We here describe new remains of amphibians and reptiles from the early Miocene (MN 4) of two different Greek localities, Aliveri and Karydia. The newly described material consists of urodelans, alytids, indeterminate anurans, turtles, crocodylians, lacertids, indeterminate scincomorphs, anguids, colubrids, viperids, and indeterminate snakes. The presence of the frog Latonia cf. gigantea in...

Université de Fribourg

Possible species-flock scenario for the evolution of the cyprinid genus Capoeta (Cypriniformes: Cyprinidae) within late Neogene lake systems of the Armenian Highland

Ayvazyan, Anna ; Vasilyan, Davit ; Böhme, Madelaine

In: PLOS ONE, 2019, vol. 14, no. 5, p. e0215543

We studied 4 Ma old isolated pharyngeal teeth from lake sediments of Çevirme (Tekman Palaeolake, Erzurum Province). Based on shape characters defined for 3D models of modern species, we found that the Pliocene lake constitutes sympatric occurrence of four Capoeta species (C. cf. umbla, C. cf. baliki, C. cf. sieboldi and C. sp. sevangi/capoeta), whose modern relatives belong to a monophyletic...