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Università della Svizzera italiana

Essays in institutional investors, market efficiency and the real economy

Tubaldi, Roberto ; Frésard, Laurent (Dir.)

Thèse de doctorat : Università della Svizzera italiana, 2021 ; 2021ECO004.

My dissertation consists of three chapters, each of which focuses on how institutional investors trade, impact price efficiency in secondary financial markets and influence the allocation of resources in the real economy. Using a novel approach based on hurricanes, the first chapter, Mutual Funds’ Fire Sales and the Real Economy: Evidence from Hurricanes, contributes to the recent debate on...

Université de Fribourg

The firn meltwater retention model intercomparison project (retmip) : evaluation of nine firn models at four weather station sites on the greenland ice sheet

Vandecrux, Baptiste ; Mottram, Ruth ; Langen, Peter L. ; Fausto, Robert S. ; Olesen, Martin ; Stevens, C. Max ; Verjans, Vincent ; Leeson, Amber ; Ligtenberg, Stefan ; Munneke, Peter Kuipers ; Marchenko, Sergey ; Pelt, Ward van ; Meyer, Colin R. ; Simonsen, Sebastian B. ; Heilig, Achim ; Samimi, Samira ; Marshall, Shawn ; Machguth, Horst ; MacFerrin, Michael ; Niwano, Masashi ; Miller, Olivia ; Voss, Clifford I. ; Box, Jason E.

In: The Cryosphere, 2020, vol. 14, no. 11, p. 3785-3810

Perennial snow, or firn, covers 80 % of the Greenland ice sheet and has the capacity to retain surface meltwater, influencing the ice sheet mass balance and contribution to sea-level rise. Multilayer firn models are traditionally used to simulate firn processes and estimate meltwater retention. We present, intercompare and evaluate outputs from nine firn models at four sites that represent...

Université de Fribourg

Geochemical fingerprinting of key lithologies and depositional processes across the upper boundary of the Opalinus Clay (Aalenian, Middle Jurassic, northern Switzerland)

Lauper, Bruno ; Deplazes, Gaudenz ; Vogel, Hendrik ; Jaeggi, David ; Wohlwend, Stephan ; Ariztegui, Daniel ; Foubert, Anneleen

In: The Depositional Record, 2021, vol. 7, no. 1, p. 25-51

The Opalinus Clay is an argillaceous to silty mudstone formation, notable in Switzerland as the selected host rock for deep geological disposal of radioactive waste. Its upper bounding unit (Passwang Formation and eastern equivalents) is composed of successions of mudstone, sandy bioclastic marl and limestone separated by ooidal ironstone beds. The lithostratigraphic transition is diachronous...

Université de Fribourg

A monitoring system for spatiotemporal electrical self-potential measurements in cryospheric environments

Weigand, Maximilian ; Wagner, Florian M. ; Limbrock, Jonas K. ; Hilbich, Christin ; Hauck, Christian ; Kemna, Andreas

In: Geoscientific Instrumentation, Methods and Data Systems, 2020, vol. 9, no. 2020-2, p. 317–336

Climate-induced warming increasingly leads to degradation of high-alpine permafrost. In order to develop early warning systems for imminent slope destabilization, knowledge about hydrological flow processes in the subsurface is urgently needed. Due to the fast dynamics associated with slope failures, non- or minimally invasive methods are required for inexpensive and timely characterization...

Université de Fribourg

The impact of climate change and glacier mass loss on the hydrology in the Mont-Blanc massif

Laurent, Léa ; Buoncristiani, Jean‑François ; Pohl, Benjamin ; Zekollari, Harry ; Farinotti, Daniel ; Huss, Matthias ; Mugnier, Jean‑Louis ; Pergaud, Julien

In: Scientific Reports, 2020, vol. 10, no. 1, p. 10420

The Mont-Blanc massif, being iconic with its large glaciers and peaks of over 4,000 m, will experience a sharp increase in summer temperatures during the twenty-first century. By 2100, the impact of climate change on the cryosphere and hydrosphere in the Alps is expected to lead to a decrease in annual river discharge. In this work, we modelled the twenty-first century evolution of runoff in...

Université de Fribourg

Glacier runoff variations since 1955 in the Maipo River basin, in the semiarid Andes of central Chile

Ayala, Álvaro ; Farías-Barahona, David ; Huss, Matthias ; Pellicciotti, Francesca ; McPhee, James ; Farinotti, Daniel

In: The Cryosphere, 2020, vol. 14, no. 6, p. 2005–2027

As glaciers adjust their size in response to climate variations, long-term changes in meltwater production can be expected, affecting the local availability of water resources. We investigate glacier runoff in the period 1955–2016 in the Maipo River basin (4843 km2, 33.0–34.3∘ S, 69.8–70.5∘ W), in the semiarid Andes of Chile. The basin contains more than 800 glaciers, which...