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Université de Fribourg

Iwrm and the politics of scale: rescaling water governance in Uzbekistan

Zinzani, Andrea ; Bichsel, Christine

In: Water, 2018, vol. 10, no. 3, p. 281

Over the last two decades, politics of scale and rescaling processes in relation to water have been debated by several scholars, especially by geographers and political ecologists, who emphasized their socio-political nature and their interactions with the environment. By contributing to this debate, this paper analyses rescaling processes in water governance in relation to the implementation...

Université de Fribourg

Re-establishing glacier monitoring in Kyrgyzstan and Uzbekistan, Central Asia

Hoelzle, Martin ; Azisov, Erlan ; Barandun, Martina ; Huss, Matthias ; Farinotti, Daniel ; Gafurov, Abror ; Hagg, Wilfried ; Kenzhebaev, Ruslan ; Kronenberg, Marlene ; Machguth, Horst ; Merkushkin, Alexandr ; Moldobekov, Bolot ; Petrov, Maxim ; Saks, Tomas ; Salzmann, Nadine ; Schöne, Tilo ; Tarasov, Yuri ; Usubaliev, Ryskul ; Vorogushyn, Sergiy ; Yakovlev, Andrey ; Zemp, Michael

In: Geoscientific Instrumentation, Methods and Data Systems, 2017, vol. 6, no. 2, p. 397–418

Glacier mass loss is among the clearest indicators of atmospheric warming. The observation of these changes is one of the major objectives of the international climate monitoring strategy developed by the Global Climate Observing System (GCOS). Long-term glacier mass balance measurements are furthermore the basis for calibrating and validating models simulating future runoff of glacierised...

Université de Fribourg

Male mutation bias is the main force shaping chromosomal substitution rates in monotreme mammals

Link, Vivian ; Aguilar-Gómez, Diana ; Ramírez-Suástegui, Ciro ; Hurst, Laurence D. ; Cortez, Diego

In: Genome Biology and Evolution, 2017, vol. 9, no. 9, p. 2198–2210

In many species, spermatogenesis involves more cell divisions than oogenesis, and the male germline, therefore, accumulates more DNA replication errors, a phenomenon known as male mutation bias. The extent of male mutation bias (α) is estimated by comparing substitution rates of the X, Y, and autosomal chromosomes, as these chromosomes spend different proportions of their time in the...