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Université de Fribourg

Ranking alien species based on their risks of causing environmental impacts : A global assessment of alien ungulates

Volery, Lara ; Jatavallabhula, Divija ; Scillitani, Laura ; Bertolino, Sandro ; Bacher, Sven

In: Global Change Biology, 2021, vol. 27, no. 5, p. 1003-1016

For an efficient allocation of the limited resources to alien species management, the most damaging species should be prioritized. Comparing alien species based on their impacts is not straightforward, as the same species can cause different types and magnitudes of impacts when introduced to different contexts, making it difficult to summarize its overall impact. The Environmental Impact...

Université de Fribourg

Shining a light on species delimitation in the tree genus Engelhardia Leschenault ex Blume (Juglandaceae)

Zhang, Can-Yu ; Low, Shook Ling ; Song, Yi-Gang ; Nuraina ; Kozlowski, Gregor ; Do, Truong Van ; Li, Lang ; Zhou, Shi-Shun ; Tan, Yun-Hong ; Cao, Guan-Long ; Zhou, Zhuo ; Meng, Hong-Hu ; Li, Jie

In: Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 2020, vol. 152, p. 106918

Enhanced efficacy in species delimitation is critically important in biology given the pending biodiversity crisis under global warming and anthropogenic activity. In particular, delineation of traditional classifications in view of the complexity of species requires an integrative approach to effectively define species boundaries, and this is a major focus of systematic biology. Here, we...

Université de Fribourg

A reevaluation of the basal turtle Indochelys spatulata from the Early–Middle Jurassic (Toarcian–Aalenian) of India, with descriptions of new material

Joyce, Walter G. ; Bandyopadhyay, Saswati

In: PeerJ, 2020, vol. 8, p. e8542

Background Indochelys spatulata is an extinct turtle from the Early to Middle Jurassic Kota Formation of the Pranhita–Godavari Gondwana basin, India. The holotype and previously only known specimen is a partially eroded shell that had been collected near Kota village, north of Sironcha, in Maharashtra State. Phylogenetic analyses have consistently suggested placement at the base of the...

Université de Fribourg

New paroxyclaenid mammals from the early Eocene of the Paris Basin (France) shed light on the origin and evolution of these endemic European cimolestans

Solé, Floréal ; Plateau, Olivia ; Le Verger, Kévin ; Phélizon, Alain

In: Journal of Systematic Palaeontology, 2019, vol. 17, no. 20, p. 1711–1743

We present new species of an enigmatic family of mammals, which is endemic to Europe, the Paroxyclaenidae: Merialus bruneti sp. nov., Fratrodon tresvauxi gen. et sp. nov., Paraspaniella gunnelli gen. et sp. nov., and Sororodon tresvauxae gen. et sp. nov. The fossils described come from six localities of the Ypresian of the Paris Basin (France): Pourcy (MP7), Mutigny, Avenay, Condé-en-Brie...

Université de Fribourg

Predicting climate change impacts on the threatened Quercus arbutifolia in montane cloud forests in southern China and Vietnam: Conservation implications

Song, Yi-Gang ; Petitpierre, Blaise ; Denga, Min ; Wu, Jin-Ping ; Kozlowski, Gregor

In: Forest Ecology and Management, 2019, vol. 444, p. 269–279

Trees of montane cloud forests (MCFs) often have small and isolated populations and face numerous threats. Due to limited conservation resources, management decisions are often based on scarce biological information. This study investigated the current status of populations of the critically endangered oak species Quercus arbutifolia in southern China, including its distribution, threats,...

Université de Fribourg

A new testudinoid turtle from the middle to late Eocene of Vietnam

Garbin, Rafaella C. ; Böhme, Madelaine ; Joyce, Walter G.

In: PeerJ, 2019, vol. 7, p. e6280

Testudinoidea is a major clade of turtles that has colonized different ecological environments across the globe throughout the Tertiary. Aquatic testudinoids have a particularly rich fossil record in the Tertiary of the northern hemisphere, but little is known about the evolutionary history of the group, as the phylogenetic relationships of most fossils have not been established with...

Université de Fribourg

Progressively excluding mammals of different body size affects community and trait structure of ground beetles

Wang, Xiaowei ; Steiner, Magdalena ; Schütz, Martin ; Vandegehuchte, Martijn L. ; Risch, Anita C.

In: Oikos, 2018, vol. 127, no. 10, p. 1515–1525

Mammalian grazing induces changes in vegetation properties in grasslands, which can affect a wide variety of other animals including many arthropods. However, the impacts may depend on the type and body size of these mammals. Furthermore, how mammals influence functional trait syndromes of arthropod communities is not well known. We progressively excluded large (e.g. red deer, chamois),...