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Université de Neuchâtel

Recharge quantification and continental freshwater lens dynamics in arid regions : application to the Merti aquifer (eastern Kenya)

Blandenier, Lucien ; Perrochet, Pierre (Dir.) ; Milnes, Ellen (Codir.) ; Brunner, Philip (Codir.)

Thèse de doctorat : Université de Neuchâtel, 2015.

The Dadaab refugee camp, the largest refugee camp in the world with a population of approximately 400’000 persons, is located in the arid to semi-arid eastern Kenya, close to the Somali border. The only permanent water resource for the refugees and the host communities comes from the Merti aquifer which consists in a large continental freshwater lens of 250 km by 50 km surrounded by salty...

Université de Neuchâtel

Sondages géoélectriques "null-arrays" pour la caractérisation des structures de subsurface

Falco, Pierik ; Perrochet, Pierre (Dir.) ; Milnes, Ellen (Codir.)

Thèse de doctorat : Université de Neuchâtel, 2013.

The term "geoelectric null-array" is used for those geoelectrical configurations measuring a zero potential difference above a homogenous half-space. This thesis presents a study of the behaviour of three of these null-arrays - the midpoint null-array, the Wenner-γ null-array and the Schlumberger null-array - above different vertical structures, using profiling and azimuthal measurements. A...

Université de Neuchâtel

A method for the stochastic modeling of karstic systems accounting for geophysical data : an example of application in the region of Tulum, Yucatan Peninsula (Mexico)

Vuilleumier, Cécile ; Borghi, Andrea ; Renard, Philippe ; Ottowitz, David ; Schiller, A. ; Supper, Robert ; Cornaton, Fabien

In: Hydrogeology Journal, 2013, vol. 21, no. 9, p. 523-544

The eastern coast of the Yucatan Peninsula, Mexico, contains one of the most developed karst systems in the world. This natural wonder is undergoing increasing pollution threat due to rapid economic development in the region of Tulum, together with a lack of wastewater treatment facilities. A preliminary numerical model has been developed to assess the vulnerability of the resource. Maps of...

Université de Neuchâtel

Status of the Korba groundwater resources (Tunisia): observations and three-dimensional modelling of seawater intrusion

Kerrou, Jaouher ; Renard, Philippe ; Tarhouni, Jamila

In: Hydrogeology Journal, 2010, vol. 18, no. 5, p. 1173-1190

The Korba aquifer is located in the east of the Cape Bon peninsula in Tunisia. A large groundwater depression has been created in the central part of the aquifer since the 1980s, due to intense groundwater pumping for irrigation. The data collected show that the situation continues to deteriorate. Consequently, seawater is continuing to invade a large part of the aquifer. To better understand the...

Université de Neuchâtel

Deterministic and probabilistic numerical modelling towards sustainable groundwater management : application to seawater intrusion in the Korba aquifer (Tunisia)

Kerrou, Jaouher ; Renard, Philippe (Dir.)

Thèse de doctorat : Université de Neuchâtel, 2008 ; Th. 2053.

This PhD endeavours numerical groundwater modelling considering heterogeneous and uncertain hydraulic parameters. It is made of three parts. First, we investigated the effects of dimensionality and heterogeneity of the hydraulic conductivity on dispersive seawater intrusion (SWI) processes. Multiple 2D and 3D unconditional simulations of hydraulic conductivity fields sharing the same statistics...