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Università della Svizzera italiana

Recommendations on screen time, sleep and physical activity : associations with academic achievement in Swiss adolescents

Marciano, Laura ; Camerini, Anne-Linda

In: Public health, 2021, vol. 198, p. 211-217

Objectives: This study aimed to investigate how meeting international recommendations for screen time (<2 h/day), moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA; at least 60 min/day) and sleep (8e10 h/night), as well as media multitasking (MMI) as a form of screen time, impact academic achievement in early adolescence. Study design: A prospective design was used, where self-report measures...

Università della Svizzera italiana

Network theory and switching behaviors : a user guide for analyzing electronic records databases

Gronchi, Giorgio ; Raglianti, Marco ; Giovannelli, Fabio

In: Future internet, 2021, vol. 13, no. 9, p. 12

As part of studies that employ health electronic records databases, this paper advocates the employment of graph theory for investigating drug-switching behaviors. Unlike the shared approach in this field (comparing groups that have switched with control groups), network theory can provide information about actual switching behavior patterns. After a brief and simple introduction to...

Università della Svizzera italiana

From threat to risk : ghanging rationales and practices of secrecy

Heide, Marlen

In: Public integrity, 2021, p. 13

This article explores how risk rationales affect and alter national security secrecy. While the transformation of defense and security policy has been widely discussed by security theorists, transparency scholars have not yet considered the notion of risk in their conceptualizations of national security secrecy. This article draws on security studies literature to outline the divergences...

Università della Svizzera italiana

A review of digital fashion research : before and beyond communication and marketing

Nobile, Tekila Harley ; Noris, Alice ; Kalbaska, Nadzeya ; Cantoni, Lorenzo

In: International journal of fashion design, technology and education, 2021, vol. 14, no. 3, p. 293-301

This paper focuses on the field of digital fashion and its development by providing an overview regarding fashion design and culture. It is part of a larger research that involved a literature review of 491 relevant papers. From the analysis of this corpus, three main categories were identified: Communication and Marketing, Design and Production and Culture and Society. This study focuses on...

Università della Svizzera italiana

Promoting newsafety from the exile : the emergence of new journalistic roles in diaspora journalists’ networks

Porlezza, Colin ; Arafat, Rana

In: Journalism practice, 2021, p. 23

Diaspora journalists and digital media play an important role as stakeholders for war-ridden homeland media landscapes such as Syria. This study analyzes, from a safety in practice perspective, the physical and digital threats that challenge the work of Syrian citizen journalists examining the role of three online advocacy networks created by Syrian diaspora journalists to promote newsafety....

Università della Svizzera italiana

Qualitative properties and relations

Plate, Jan

In: Philosophical studies, 2021, p. 26

This paper is concerned with two concepts of qualitativeness that apply to intensional entities (i.e., properties, relations, and states of affairs). I propose an account of pure qualitativeness that largely follows the traditional understanding established by Carnap, and try to shed light on its ontological presuppositions. On this account, an intensional entity is purely qualitative iff it...

Università della Svizzera italiana

The strong arm of the law : a unified account of necessary and contingent laws of nature

Hirèche, Salim ; Linnemann, Niels ; Michels, Robert ; Vogt, Lisa

In: Synthese, 2021, no. 199, p. 10211–10252

A common feature of all standard theories of the laws of nature is that they are ‘absolutist’: They take laws to be either all metaphysically necessary or all contingent. Science, however, gives us reason to think that there are laws of both kinds, suggesting that standard theories should make way for ‘non-absolutist’ alternatives: theories which accommodate laws of both modal statuses....

Università della Svizzera italiana

Large scale simulation of pressure induced phase-field fracture propagation using Utopia

Zulian, Patrick ; Kopaničáková, Alena ; Nestola, Maria Giuseppina Chiara ; Fink, Andreas ; Fadel, Nur Aiman ; VandeVondele, Joost ; Krause, Rolf

In: CCF transactions on high performance computing, 2021, no. 3, p. 407–426

Non-linear phase field models are increasingly used for the simulation of fracture propagation problems. The numerical simulation of fracture networks of realistic size requires the efficient parallel solution of large coupled non-linear systems. Although in principle efficient iterative multi-level methods for these types of problems are available, they are not widely used in practice due to...

Università della Svizzera italiana

Le malattie autoimmuni di fegato nell’adulto = Maladies auto-immunes du foie chez l’adulte

Terziroli Beretta-Piccoli, Benedetta ; De Gottardi, Andrea ; Vergani, Diego ; Mieli-Vergani, Giorgina

In: Schweizer gastroenterologie, 2021, vol. 2, no. 2, p. 56-66

L’epatite autoimmune è una infiammazione cronica del fegato che colpisce tutte le età, caratterizzata da transaminasi e immunoglo- buline G elevate, presenza di autoanticorpi, epatite dell’interfaccia alla biopsia epatica, e ottima risposta alla terapia con steroidi. Se non trattata, ha una sopravvivenza a 5 anni del 50 %. La colangite biliare primitiva è una patologia cronica...

Università della Svizzera italiana

Framing national security secrecy : a conceptual review

Heide, Marlen ; Villeneuve, Jean-Patrick

In: International journal, 2021, vol. 76, no. 2, p. 238-256

This essay investigates justifications for the “necessity” of official secrecy, by tracing and structuring the rationales underlying it. Justifications will be investigated through the case of “national security secrecy,” a prominent example of official secrecy. While the literature generally treats “national security secrecy” as unidimensional, this analysis demarcates several...