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Università della Svizzera italiana

Psychological impact of COVID-19 outbreak on families of children with autism spectrum disorder and typically developing peers : an online survey

Levante, Annalisa ; Petrocchi, Serena ; Bianco, Federica ; Castelli, Ilaria ; Colombi, Costanza ; Keller, Roberto ; Narzisi, Antonio ; Masi, Gabriele ; Lecciso, Flavia

In: Brain sciences, 2021, vol. 11, no. 6, p. 16

When COVID-19 was declared as a pandemic, many countries imposed severe lockdowns that changed families’ routines and negatively impacted on parents’ and children’s mental health. Several studies on families with children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) revealed that lockdown increased the difficulties faced by individuals with ASD, as well as parental distress. No studies have...

Università della Svizzera italiana

The criterion validity of the First Year Inventory and the Quantitative-CHecklist for Autism in Toddlers : a longitudinal study

Levante, Annalisa ; Petrocchi, Serena ; Lecciso, Flavia

In: Brain sciences, 2020, vol. 10, no. 10, p. 22

Pediatric surveillance through screening procedures is needed to detect warning signs of risk for Autism Spectrum Disorder under 24 months of age and to promote early diagnosis and treatment. The main purpose of this study is to extend the literature regarding the psychometric properties of two screening tools, the First Year Inventory (FYI) and the Quantitative- CHecklist for Autism in Toddler...

Università della Svizzera italiana

Identity reinforcement or risky organizational change? : Category spanning in humanitarian projects

Kooijman, Eva A. P. ; Beck, Nikolaus

In: Administrative sciences, 2021, vol. 11, no. 4, p. 17

In this study, we investigate the consequences of organizational change that consist of adding new categories to the portfolio of humanitarian organizations. Our aim is to discern differences in these consequences between specialist and generalist organizations. Previous research has shown that spanning categories lead to disadvantages in the evaluation of organizations by audience members in...

Università della Svizzera italiana

Causal impacts of epidemics and pandemics on food supply chains : a systematic review

Cardoso, Brenda ; Cunha, Luiza ; Leiras, Adriana ; Gonçalves, Paulo ; Yoshizaki, Hugo ; de Brito Junior, Irineu ; Pedroso, Frederico

In: Sustainability, 2021, vol. 13, no. 17, p. 28

The epidemics and pandemics can severely affect food supply chains, including producers, retailers, wholesalers, and customers. To minimize their impacts, it is fundamental to implement effective policies that ensure continuity in the provision, affordability, and distribution of basic food items. This research identifies the main impacts of pandemics and epidemics on food supply chains and ...

Università della Svizzera italiana

Managing the trade-off between groundwater resources and large-scale agriculture : the case of pistachio production in Iran

Akhavan, Ali ; Gonçalves, Paulo

In: System dynamics review, 2021, vol. 37, no. 2-3, p. 155-196

Benefiting from historically favorable conditions (e.g. low costs, fertile land, and abundant water), pistachio producers in Rafsanjan, Iran, have flourished, with pistachio orchards and production growing dramatically since the 1970s. Today, however, the enormous increase in water consumption associated with pistachio production has severely depleted groundwater aquifers, causing widespread...

Università della Svizzera italiana

From threat to risk : ghanging rationales and practices of secrecy

Heide, Marlen

In: Public integrity, 2021, p. 13

This article explores how risk rationales affect and alter national security secrecy. While the transformation of defense and security policy has been widely discussed by security theorists, transparency scholars have not yet considered the notion of risk in their conceptualizations of national security secrecy. This article draws on security studies literature to outline the divergences...

Università della Svizzera italiana

A review of digital fashion research : before and beyond communication and marketing

Nobile, Tekila Harley ; Noris, Alice ; Kalbaska, Nadzeya ; Cantoni, Lorenzo

In: International journal of fashion design, technology and education, 2021, vol. 14, no. 3, p. 293-301

This paper focuses on the field of digital fashion and its development by providing an overview regarding fashion design and culture. It is part of a larger research that involved a literature review of 491 relevant papers. From the analysis of this corpus, three main categories were identified: Communication and Marketing, Design and Production and Culture and Society. This study focuses on...

Università della Svizzera italiana

Promoting newsafety from the exile : the emergence of new journalistic roles in diaspora journalists’ networks

Porlezza, Colin ; Arafat, Rana

In: Journalism practice, 2021, p. 23

Diaspora journalists and digital media play an important role as stakeholders for war-ridden homeland media landscapes such as Syria. This study analyzes, from a safety in practice perspective, the physical and digital threats that challenge the work of Syrian citizen journalists examining the role of three online advocacy networks created by Syrian diaspora journalists to promote newsafety....

Università della Svizzera italiana

Qualitative properties and relations

Plate, Jan

In: Philosophical studies, 2021, p. 26

This paper is concerned with two concepts of qualitativeness that apply to intensional entities (i.e., properties, relations, and states of affairs). I propose an account of pure qualitativeness that largely follows the traditional understanding established by Carnap, and try to shed light on its ontological presuppositions. On this account, an intensional entity is purely qualitative iff it...

Università della Svizzera italiana

The strong arm of the law : a unified account of necessary and contingent laws of nature

Hirèche, Salim ; Linnemann, Niels ; Michels, Robert ; Vogt, Lisa

In: Synthese, 2021, no. 199, p. 10211–10252

A common feature of all standard theories of the laws of nature is that they are ‘absolutist’: They take laws to be either all metaphysically necessary or all contingent. Science, however, gives us reason to think that there are laws of both kinds, suggesting that standard theories should make way for ‘non-absolutist’ alternatives: theories which accommodate laws of both modal statuses....