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Université de Fribourg

Intelligence Artificielle : Un aperçu

Mondal, Manuel ; Lalanne, Denis

(Internal working papers DIUF ; 21-03)

L’objectif de ce document est de présenter une introduction concise aux concepts fonda-mentaux de l’Intelligence Artificielle. Il s’adresse à toutes les personnes extérieures au domaine, curieuses à le découvrir ou à en approfondir leurs connaissances, tel que des chercheurs d’autres disciplines à la recherche de nouveaux outils, des juristes confrontés à des algorithmes de...

Université de Fribourg

Demystifying Artificial Intelligence

Mondal, Manuel ; Lalanne, Denis

(Internal working papers DIUF ; 21-02)

The objective of this document is to provide a non-technical introduction to the field of Artificial Intelligence. It is intended for anyone outside of the data science community curi-ous about the subject, such as researchers from other areas looking for new instruments, legal professionals confronted with automated decision making algorithms or legal tech tools, en-trepreneurs interested in...

Université de Fribourg

Investors' perception of business group membership during an economic crisis : Evidence from the COVID-19 pandemic

Ducret, Romain

(Working Papers SES ; 524)

This paper examines how investors perceive business group membership in Korea during the COVID-19 pandemic. Stock price performance analysis reveals evidence of a time-varying and heterogeneous value of affiliation: investors discount business group affiliation during a market collapse, but are willing to pay a premium for affiliation during market recovery. Overall, this pattern is more...

Université de Fribourg

Das Engagement von Kirchen in Abstimmungskämpfen

Engi, Lorenz

(IR-Papers ; 4)

Die Beteiligung von öffentlich-rechtlich anerkannten Kirchen in Abstimmungskämpfen hat in neuerer Zeit Diskussionen ausgelöst, insbesondere im Zusammenhang mit der Konzernverantwortungsiniaitive im Herbst 2020. Der vorliegende Beitrag analysiert die rechtlichen Grundlagen eines solchen Engagements. Dazu wird besonders die Grundfrage untersucht, ob und inwiefern die anerkannten Kirchen an die...

Université de Fribourg

Mandatory civil marriage according to Swiss law: Superfluous historical remnant or building block in the fight against forced marriages?

Pahud de Mortanges, René ; Leitz, Barnaby

(IR-Papers ; 3)

In the 19th century, the prohibition of religious weddings prior to state marriages had the objective of enforcing the right to marriage and preventing discriminatory practices, particularly those of the Catholic Church. While this is no longer pertinent, mandatory civil marriage has a new raison d'être in today's age of migration. The state thereby requires and ensures that marriages in...

Université de Fribourg

Das House Kapital

Grossmann, Volker ; Larin, Benjamin ; Steger, Thomas

(Working Papers SES ; 523)

The housing wealth-to-income ratio has been increasing in most developed economies since the 1950s. We provide a novel theory to explain this long-term pattern. We show analytically that house prices grow in the steady state if i) the housing sector is more land-intensive than the non-housing sector, or ii) technological progress in the construction sector is weaker than in the non-housing...

Université de Fribourg

Neuralink and Beyond: Challenges of Creating an Enhanced Human

Gurtner, Dimitri

(Internal working papers DIUF ; 21-01)

This article is a literature review of Neuralink, brain-machine interfaces (BMIs) and their applications, followed by future possibilities of BMIs and their potential impacts. Currently, BMIs predominantly have therapeutic applications, such as helping people with spinal cord injury by allowing them to control a computer directly with their brain. However, BMIs can also improve learning,...

Université de Fribourg

Prevenire le radicalizzazioni. Collaborazione tra Stato e organizzazioni musulmane = Radikalisierungen vorbeugen : Zusammenarbeit zwischen Staat und muslimischen Organisationen

Schmid, Hansjörg ; Schneuwly Purdie, Mallory ; Lang, Andrea

(CSIS-Papers ; 2)

La radicalizzazione legata all'islam è una delle principali fonti di preoccupazione sia per le autorità che per i membri della società civile, musulmani e non. Come sottolinea la Rete integrata Svizzera per la sicurezza, le misure di prevenzione non possono essere ridotte a disposizioni giudiziarie o penali, ma devono includere il lavoro di altri tipi di attori, come ad esempio le associazioni...

Université de Fribourg

I musulmani nello spazio pubblico e mediatico = Muslime im öffentlichen und medialen Raum

Schmid, Hansjörg ; Schneuwly Purdie, Mallory ; Lang, Andrea

(CSIS-Papers ; 5)

I workshop sul tema dei media e dell’opinione pubblica si sono concentrati su un tema delicato del progetto « Le organizzazioni musulmane come attrici sociali ». L’islam non è di per sé un caso particolare, ma un soggetto della società come molti altri. Nell’adempiere i loro obblighi di informazione, i media riportano notizie relative all’islam come fanno per altri argomenti. Ma le...