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Università della Svizzera italiana

From blue to steel-collar jobs : The decline in employment gaps?

Lerch, Benjamin

The adoption of labor-replacing technologies has already displaced thousands of workers in the US. In this paper, I analyze how the adverse effects of the implementation of robots in firms’ production processes are spreading among the population and how they are shaping the composition of labor markets. Exploiting exogenous variation in robot exposure across local labor markets and over time,...

Université de Fribourg

Unveiling the Semimetallic Nature of 1$T$-TiSe$_2$ by Doping its Charge Density Wave

Jaouen, Thomas ; Rumo, Maxime ; Hildebrand, Baptiste ; Mottas, Marie-Laure ; Nicholson, Christopher W. ; Kremer, Geoffroy ; Salzmann, Björn ; Vanini, Fabiano ; Barreteau, C. ; Giannini, E. ; Beck, Hans-Peter ; Aebi, Philipp ; Monney, Claude

The semimetallic or semiconducting nature of the transition metal dichalcogenide 1$T$-TiSe$_2$ remains under debate after many decades mainly due to the fluctuating nature of its 2 x 2 x 2 charge-density-wave (CDW) phase at room- temperature. In this letter, using angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy, we unambiguously demonstrate that the 1$T$-TiSe$_2$ normal state is semimetallic with ...

Université de Fribourg

Ecological Monitoring and Management App (EMMA) for Older Adults With Chronic Pain: Protocol for a Design and Feasibility Study

Ledermann, Katharina ; Abou Khaled, Omar ; Caon, Maurizio ; Berger, Thomas ; Chabwine, Joelle ; Martin-Soelch, Chantal

In: JMIR Research Protocols

Background: Chronic pain is a complex problem for many older adults that affects both physical functioning and psychological well-being. Mobile health (mHealth) technologies have shown promise in supporting older persons in managing chronic conditions. Cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) is recommended for older people with chronic pain. However, online treatment programs for chronic pain are...

Università della Svizzera italiana

The antibody response to Plasmodium falciparum : cues for vaccine design and the discovery of receptor-based antibodies

Tan, Joshua ; Piccoli, Luca ; Lanzavecchia, Antonio

In: Annual Review of Immunology

P. falciparum remains a serious public health problem and a continuous challenge for the immune system due to the complexity and diversity of the pathogen. Recent advances from several laboratories in the characterization of the antibody response to the parasite have led to the identification of critical targets for protection and revealed a new mechanism of diversification based on the...

Università della Svizzera italiana

Fighting the spread of Covid-19 : was the Swiss lockdown worth it?

Gatti, Nicolò ; Retali, Beatrice

The implementation of a lockdown to control the Covid-19 pandemic has led to a strong debate in several countries. This makes it crucial to shed light on the actual benefits of such kind of policy. To this purpose, we focus on the Swiss lockdown during the first wave of Covid-19 infections and estimate the number of potentially saved lives. To predict the number of deaths in absence of any...

Università della Svizzera italiana

Robots and nonparticipation in the US : where have all the workers gone?

Lerch, Benjamin

This paper analyzes the impact of one of the leading automation technologies of the last decades, industrial robots, on the declining labor force participation in the US. Exploiting exogenous variation in the adoption of robots across local labor markets and over time, I find that, on average, one additional robot drives two workers out of the labor force. Despite the adverse impact of robots,...