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Università della Svizzera italiana

RepliComment : Identifying clones in code comments

Blasi, Arianna ; Stulova, Nataliia ; Gorla, Alessandra ; Nierstrasz, Oscar

In: Journal of systems and software, 2021, vol. 182, p. 14

Code comments are the primary means to document implementation and facilitate program comprehension. Thus, their quality should be a primary concern to improve program maintenance. While much effort has been dedicated to detecting bad smells, such as clones in code, little work has focused on comments. In this paper we present our solution to detect clones in comments that developers should...

Università della Svizzera italiana

Maternal psychological distress and children’s internalizing/externalizing problems during the COVID-19 pandemic : the moderating role played by hypermentalization

Bianco, Federica ; Levante, Annalisa ; Petrocchi, Serena ; Lecciso, Flavia ; Castelli, Ilaria

In: International journal of environmental research and public health, 2021, vol. 18, no. 19, p. 17

In order to explore the psychological impact of the COVID‐19 outbreak on the caregiver–child relationship, we investigated the interplay among COVID‐19 exposure and children’s internalizing/externalizing problems during the Italian lockdown, hypothesizing a mediation effect played by maternal distress. Additionally, we included maternal reflective functioning (i.e., hypermentalization)...

Università della Svizzera italiana

Artificial intelligence in thyroid field : a comprehensive review

Bini, Fabiano ; Pica, Andrada ; Azzimonti, Laura ; Giusti, Alessandro ; Ruinelli, Lorenzo ; Marinozzi, Franco ; Trimboli, Pierpaolo

In: Cancers, 2021, vol. 13, no. 19, p. 18

Artificial intelligence (AI) uses mathematical algorithms to perform tasks that require human cognitive abilities. AI-based methodologies, e.g., machine learning and deep learning, as well as the recently developed research field of radiomics have noticeable potential to transform medical diagnostics. AI-based techniques applied to medical imaging allow to detect biological abnormalities, to...

Università della Svizzera italiana

Does health literacy reinforce disease knowledge gain? : a prospective observational study of hungarian COPD patients

Papp-Zipernovszky, Orsolya ; Csabai, Márta ; Schulz, Peter J. ; Varga, János T.

In: Journal of clinical medicine, 2021, vol. 10, no. 17, p. 13

We set out to measure the health literacy (HL) of COPD patients using the Short Test of Functional Health Literacy (S- TOFHLA), perception-based screening questions (BHLS), and a specific disease knowledge test (COPD-Q). Our main focus is the relationship between functional HL and patients’ disease-knowledge, which contributes to the clarification of the relationship between the different...

Università della Svizzera italiana

Causal impacts of epidemics and pandemics on food supply chains : a systematic review

Cardoso, Brenda ; Cunha, Luiza ; Leiras, Adriana ; Gonçalves, Paulo ; Yoshizaki, Hugo ; de Brito Junior, Irineu ; Pedroso, Frederico

In: Sustainability, 2021, vol. 13, no. 17, p. 28

The epidemics and pandemics can severely affect food supply chains, including producers, retailers, wholesalers, and customers. To minimize their impacts, it is fundamental to implement effective policies that ensure continuity in the provision, affordability, and distribution of basic food items. This research identifies the main impacts of pandemics and epidemics on food supply chains and ...

Università della Svizzera italiana

Autoimmmune hepatitis

Terziroli Beretta-Piccoli, Benedetta ; Mieli Vergani, Giorgina ; Vergani, Diego

In: Cellular & molecular immunology, 2021, p. 19

Autoimmune hepatitis (AIH) is a T-cell mediated, inflammatory liver disease affecting all ages and characterized by female preponderance, elevated serum transaminase and immunoglobulin G levels, positive circulating autoantibodies, and presence of interface hepatitis at liver histology. AIH type 1, affecting both adults and children, is defined by positive anti- nuclear and/or antismooth muscle...

Università della Svizzera italiana

Autoimmune hepatitis : serum autoantibodies in clinical practice

Terziroli Beretta-Piccoli, Benedetta ; Mieli Vergani, Giorgina ; Vergani, Diego

In: Clinical reviews in allergy & immunology, 2021, p. 14

Circulating autoantibodies are a key diagnostic tool in autoimmune hepatitis (AIH), being positive in 95% of the cases if tested according to dedicated guidelines issued by the International Autoimmune Hepatitis Group. They also allow the distinction between type 1 AIH, characterized by positive anti-nuclear and/or anti-smooth muscle antibody, and type 2 AIH, characterized by positive...

Università della Svizzera italiana

Posterior reversible leukoencephalopathy syndrome associated with acute postinfectious glomerulonephritis : systematic review

Orlando, Corinne ; Milani, Gregorio P. ; Simonetti, Giacomo D. ; Goeggel Simonetti, Barbara ; Lava, Sebastiano A. G. ; Wyttenbach, Rolf ; Bianchetti, Mario G. ; Cristallo Lacalamita, Marirosa

In: Pediatric nephrology, 2021, p. 9

Background Kidney diseases are a recognized cause of posterior reversible leukoencephalopathy syndrome, usually abbreviated as PRES. The purpose of this review was to systematically address the association between acute postinfectious glomerulonephritis and PRES. Methods We performed a systematic review of the literature on acute postinfectious glomerulonephritis associated with PRES. The...

Università della Svizzera italiana

Managing the trade-off between groundwater resources and large-scale agriculture : the case of pistachio production in Iran

Akhavan, Ali ; Gonçalves, Paulo

In: System dynamics review, 2021, vol. 37, no. 2-3, p. 155-196

Benefiting from historically favorable conditions (e.g. low costs, fertile land, and abundant water), pistachio producers in Rafsanjan, Iran, have flourished, with pistachio orchards and production growing dramatically since the 1970s. Today, however, the enormous increase in water consumption associated with pistachio production has severely depleted groundwater aquifers, causing widespread...

Università della Svizzera italiana

A new constructive heuristic driven by machine learning for the traveling salesman problem

Mele, Umberto Junior ; Gambardella, Luca Maria ; Montemanni, Roberto

In: Algorithms, 2021, vol. 14, no. 9, p. 25

Recent systems applying Machine Learning (ML) to solve the Traveling Salesman Problem (TSP) exhibit issues when they try to scale up to real case scenarios with several hundred vertices. The use of Candidate Lists (CLs) has been brought up to cope with the issues. A CL is defined as a subset of all the edges linked to a given vertex such that it contains mainly edges that are believed to be...