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Università della Svizzera italiana

Posterior reversible leukoencephalopathy syndrome associated with acute postinfectious glomerulonephritis : systematic review

Orlando, Corinne ; Milani, Gregorio P. ; Simonetti, Giacomo D. ; Goeggel Simonetti, Barbara ; Lava, Sebastiano A. G. ; Wyttenbach, Rolf ; Bianchetti, Mario G. ; Cristallo Lacalamita, Marirosa

In: Pediatric nephrology, 2021, p. 9

Background Kidney diseases are a recognized cause of posterior reversible leukoencephalopathy syndrome, usually abbreviated as PRES. The purpose of this review was to systematically address the association between acute postinfectious glomerulonephritis and PRES. Methods We performed a systematic review of the literature on acute postinfectious glomerulonephritis associated with PRES. The...

Università della Svizzera italiana

Vitamin D status in adolescents during COVID-19 pandemic : a cross-sectional comparative study

Meoli, Martina ; Muggli, Franco ; Lava, Sebastiano A. G. ; Bianchetti, Mario G. ; Agostoni, Carlo ; Kocher, Claudine ; Bührer, Thomas W. ; Ciliberti, Letizia ; Simonetti, Giacomo D. ; Milani, Gregorio P.

In: Nutrients, 2021, vol. 13, no. 5, p. 7

Vitamin D has been claimed to be effective in the response to infections, including the respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). It is supposed that lockdown measures and fear of SARS-CoV-2 infection might reduce vitamin D levels through the modification of lifestyle. However, very few data exist on the association between lockdown measures and vitamin D status in humans. For this...

Università della Svizzera italiana

Electrolyte and acid-base disorders triggered by aminoglycoside or colistin therapy : a systematic review

Scoglio, Martin ; Bronz, Gabriel ; Rinoldi, Pietro O. ; Faré, Pietro B. ; Betti, Céline ; Bianchetti, Mario G. ; Simonetti, Giacomo D. ; Gennaro, Viola ; Renzi, Samuele ; Lava, Sebastiano A. G. ; Milani, Gregorio P.

In: Antibiotics, 2021, vol. 10, no. 2, p. 9

Aminoglycoside or colistin therapy may alter the renal tubular function without decreasing the glomerular filtration rate. This association has never been extensively investigated. We conducted a systematic review of the literature following the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta- Analyses recommendations. Databases searched included United States National Library of...

Università della Svizzera italiana

Dietary chloride deficiency syndrome : pathophysiology, history, and systematic literature review

Signorelli, Giulia C. ; Bianchetti, Mario G. ; Jermini, Luca M. M. ; Agostoni, Carlo ; Milani, Gregorio P. ; Simonetti, Giacomo D. ; Lava, Sebastiano A. G.

In: Nutrients, 2020, vol. 12, no. 11, p. 10 p

Metabolic alkalosis may develop as a consequence of urinary chloride (and sodium) wasting, excessive loss of salt in the sweat, or intestinal chloride wasting, among other causes. There is also a likely underrecognized association between poor salt intake and the mentioned electrolyte and acid–base abnormality. In patients with excessive loss of salt in the sweat or poor salt intake, the...

Università della Svizzera italiana

Atypical bacterial pathogens and small-vessel leukocytoclastic vasculitis of the skin in children : systematic literature review

Betti, Céline ; Camozzi, Pietro ; Gennaro, Viola ; Bianchetti, Mario G. ; Scoglio, Martin ; Simonetti, Giacomo D. ; Milani, Gregorio P. ; Lava, Sebastiano A. G. ; Ferrarini, Alessandra

In: Pathogens, 2021, vol. 10, no. 1, p. 9 p

Leukocytoclastic small-vessel vasculitis of the skin (with or without systemic involvement) is often preceded by infections such as common cold, tonsillopharyngitis, or otitis media. Our purpose was to document pediatric (≤18 years) cases preceded by a symptomatic disease caused by an atypical bacterial pathogen. We performed a literature search following the Preferred Reporting of...