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Université de Fribourg

The woody planet : from past triumph to manmade decline

Fazan, Laurence ; Song, Yi-Gang ; Kozlowski, Gregor

In: Plants, 2020, vol. 9, no. 11, p. 1593

Woodiness evolved in land plants approximately 400 Mya, and very soon after this evolutionary invention, enormous terrestrial surfaces on Earth were covered by dense and luxurious forests. Forests store close to 80% of the biosphere’s biomass, and more than 60% of the global biomass is made of wood (trunks, branches and roots). Among the total number of ca. 374,000 plant species worldwide,...

Université de Fribourg

Phylogeny, taxonomy, and biogeography of Pterocarya (Juglandaceae)

Song, Yi-Gang ; Li, Ying ; Meng, Hong-Hu ; Fragnière, Yann ; Ge, Bin-Jie ; Sakio, Hitoshi ; Yousefzadeh, Hamed ; Bétrisey, Sébastien ; Kozlowski, Gregor

In: Plants, 2020, vol. 9, no. 11, p. 1524

Relict species play an important role in understanding the biogeography of intercontinental disjunctions. Pterocarya (a relict genus) is the valuable model taxon for studying the biogeography of East Asian versus southern European/West Asian disjunct patterns. This disjunction has not been as well studied as others (e.g., between Eastern Asia and North America). Several phylogenetic studies...

Université de Fribourg

Climate change and alpine screes: no future for glacial relict papaver occidentale (papaveraceae) in western prealps

Fragnière, Yann ; Pittet, Loïc ; Clément, Benoît ; Bétrisey, Sébastien ; Gerber, Emanuel ; Ronikier, Michał ; Parisod, Christian ; Kozlowski, Gregor

In: Diversity, 2020, vol. 12, no. 9, p. 346

Glacial relicts, especially those with very narrow habitat requirements, are particularly affected by global warming. We considered Papaver occidentale, a glacial relict endemic to the Western Prealps, belonging to the alpine poppy complex (P. alpinum aggr.), as a model taxon to study the actual status and potential future distribution of species restricted to particular microrefugia. For...

Université de Fribourg

Shining a light on species delimitation in the tree genus Engelhardia Leschenault ex Blume (Juglandaceae)

Zhang, Can-Yu ; Low, Shook Ling ; Song, Yi-Gang ; Nuraina ; Kozlowski, Gregor ; Do, Truong Van ; Li, Lang ; Zhou, Shi-Shun ; Tan, Yun-Hong ; Cao, Guan-Long ; Zhou, Zhuo ; Meng, Hong-Hu ; Li, Jie

In: Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 2020, vol. 152, p. 106918

Enhanced efficacy in species delimitation is critically important in biology given the pending biodiversity crisis under global warming and anthropogenic activity. In particular, delineation of traditional classifications in view of the complexity of species requires an integrative approach to effectively define species boundaries, and this is a major focus of systematic biology. Here, we...

Université de Fribourg

Genetic structure of the endemic Papaver occidentale indicates survival and immigration in the Western Prealps

Pittet, Loïc ; Fragnière, Yann ; Grünig, Sandra ; Bétrisey, Sébastien ; Clément, Benoît ; Gerber, Emanuel ; Ronikier, Michał ; Kozlowski, Gregor ; Parisod, Christian

In: Alpine Botany, 2020, p. -

Climatic oscillations of the Quaternary rapidly compelled plant species to shift their geographical range. How alpine plant species responded to climate change, however, remains elusive and remnants of the cold-adapted flora that currently strive in restricted ranges as small, isolated populations have been particularly overlooked. To address the evolutionary history of such a ‘glacial...

Université de Fribourg

Glacial relicts in the Alps: the decline and conservation strategy for Nuphar pumila (Nymphaeaceae)

Bétrisey, Sébastien ; Arrigo, Nils ; Graf, Larissa ; Bilat, Julia ; Gerber, Emanuel ; Kozlowski, Gregor

In: Alpine Botany, 2020, vol. 130, no. 1, p. 89–99

The Alps played an important role in the biogeography of European plants and acted as a refugium for numerous species during the interglacial cycles. We investigated Nuphar pumila, one of the most emblematic glacial relicts of the Alps, by carrying out exhaustive literature and field surveys to collect relevant data on its distribution and threats. We further evaluated the level of ...

Université de Fribourg

Global biogeographic synthesis and priority conservation regions of the relict tree family Juglandaceae

Song, Yi‐Gang ; Fragnière, Yann ; Meng, Hong‐Hu ; Li, Ying ; Bétrisey, Sébastien ; Corrales, Adriana ; Manchester, Steven ; Deng, Min ; Jasińska, Anna K. ; Văn Sâm, Hoàng ; Kozlowski, Gregor

In: Journal of Biogeography, 2020, vol. 47, no. 3, p. 643–657

Aim To establish a complete database of Juglandaceae at a spatiotemporal scale and develop a phylogeographic framework with which to elucidate the distributional patterns, diversity patterns, origins, evolution, and conservation priority regions of this family. Location Worldwide. Taxon Walnut family (Juglandaceae). Methods Data on the distribution of all the extant and fossil species of...

Université de Fribourg

Desiccation, dormancy, and storage of Pterocarya fraxinifolia (Juglandaceae) seeds: application in Hyrcanian and Colchian forest conservation

Wawrzyniak, Mikołaj Krzysztof ; Jasińska, Anna Katarzyna ; Chmielarz, Paweł ; Kozlowski, Gregor

In: Canadian Journal of Forest Research, 2019, vol. 50, no. 1, p. 24–31

Pterocarya fraxinifolia (Poir.) Spach (Juglandaceae) is a model relict tree species native to South Caucasus and is a typical element of threatened riparian forests. Intensive land transformations, which are common in Transcaucasia, have resulted in loss of natural habitat and population decline of the species. One of the methods of ex situ conservation is seed banking. Cryopreservation in...

Université de Fribourg

Biogeography and phylogenetic relationships of Hyrcanian wild apple using cpDNA and ITS noncoding sequences

Yousefzadeh, Hamed ; Khodadost, Ali ; Abdollahi, Hamid ; Ali, Syed Shujait ; Kozlowski, Gregor ; Bina, Hamid

In: Systematics and Biodiversity, 2019, vol. 17, no. 3, p. 295–307

The Hyrcanian forest of northern Iran is considered one of the potential centres for the evolution and domestication of the genus Malus (Rosaceae). However, the biogeography, phylogenetic position, and taxonomic status of the Hyrcanian wild apples have never been evaluated. In our study, the nucleotide sequences of the internal transcribed spacer (ITS) and the trnH-psbA intergenic spacer...