Université de Fribourg

Inference of evolutionary jumps in large phylogenies using Lévy processes

Duchen, Pablo ; Leuenberger, Christoph ; Szilágyi, Sándor M. ; Harmon, Luke ; Eastman, Jonathan ; Schweizer, Manuel ; Wegmann, Daniel

In: Systematic Biology, 2017, p. -

Although it is now widely accepted that the rate of phenotypic evolution may not necessarily be constant across large phylogenies, the frequency and phylogenetic position of periods of rapid evolution remain unclear. In his highly influential view of evolution, G. G. Simpson supposed that such evolutionary jumps occur when organisms transition into so-called new adaptive zones, for instance...

Université de Fribourg

Sino-Himalayan mountains act as cradles of diversity and immigration centres in the diversification of parrotbills (Paradoxornithidae)

Liu, Yang ; Hu, Junhua ; Li, Shou-Hsien ; Duchen, Pablo ; Wegmann, Daniel ; Schweizer, Manuel

In: Journal of Biogeography, 2016, vol. 43, no. 8, p. 1488–1501

Aim: Montane regions like the Sino-Himalayas constitute global diversity hotspots. Various mechanisms such as in situ adaptive divergence, speciation following immigration or allopatric diversification in complex landscapes have been proposed to account for the exceptional diversity found in a particular clade in a montane setting. We investigated macroevolutionary patterns to test these...

Université de Fribourg

An Indel Polymorphism in the MtnA 3’ Untranslated Region Is Associated with Gene Expression Variation and Local Adaptation in Drosophila melanogaster

Catalán, Ana ; Glaser-Schmitt, Amanda ; Argyridou, Eliza ; Duchen, Pablo ; Parsch, John

In: PLOS Genet, 2016, vol. 12, no. 4, p. e1005987

Insertions and deletions (indels) are a major source of genetic variation within species and may result in functional changes to coding or regulatory sequences. In this study we report that an indel polymorphism in the 3’ untranslated region (UTR) of the metallothionein gene MtnA is associated with gene expression variation in natural populations of Drosophila melanogaster. A derived allele...