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Université de Fribourg

Intra and extracellular journey of the phytohormone salicylic acid

Maruri-López, Israel ; Aviles-Baltazar, Norma Yaniri ; Buchala, Antony J. ; Serrano, Mario

In: Frontiers in Plant Science, 2019, vol. 10, p. -

Salicylic acid (SA) is a plant hormone that has been described to play an essential role in the activation and regulation of multiple responses to biotic and to abiotic stresses. In particular, during plant-microbe interactions, as part of the defense mechanisms, SA is initially accumulated at the local infected tissue and then spread all over the plant to induce systemic acquired resistance...

Université de Fribourg

Insect eggs suppress plant defence against chewing herbivores

Bruessow, Friederike ; Gouhier-Darimont, Caroline ; Buchala, Antony J. ; Metraux, Jean-Pierre ; Reymond, Philippe

In: The Plant Journal, 2010, vol. 62, no. 5, p. 876 - 885

Plants activate direct and indirect defences in response to insect egg deposition. However, whether eggs can manipulate plant defence is unknown. In Arabidopsis thaliana, oviposition by the butterfly Pieris brassicae triggers cellular and molecular changes that are similar to the changes caused by biotrophic pathogens. In the present study, we found that the plant defence signal salicylic acid...

Université de Fribourg

Disease resistance of Arabidopsis to Phytophthora brassicae is established by the sequential action of indole glucosinolates and camalexin

Schlaeppi, Klaus ; Abou-Mansour, Eliane ; Buchala, Antony J. ; Mauch, Felix

In: The Plant Journal, 2010, vol. 62, no. 5, p. 840 - 851

We have analysed the role of tryptophan-derived secondary metabolites in disease resistance of Arabidopsis to the oomycete pathogen Phytophthora brassicae. Transcript analysis revealed that genes encoding enzymes involved in tryptophan, camalexin and indole glucosinolate (iGS) biosynthesis are coordinately induced in response to P. brassicae. However, a deficiency in either camalexin or iGS...

Université de Fribourg

Adipose tissue plasticity during catch-up fat driven by thrifty metabolism: relevance for muscle-adipose glucose redistribution during catch-up growth

Summermatter, Serge ; Marcelino, Helena ; Arsenijevic, Denis ; Buchala, Antony J. ; Aprikian, Olivier ; Assimacopoulos-Jeannet, Françoise ; Seydoux, Josiane ; Montani, Jean-Pierre ; Solinas, Giovanni ; Dulloo, Abdul G.

In: Diabetes, 2009, vol. 58, no. 10, p. 2228-2237

OBJECTIVE: Catch-up growth, a risk factor for later type 2 diabetes, is characterized by hyperinsulinemia, accelerated body-fat recovery (catch-up fat), and enhanced glucose utilization in adipose tissue. Our objective was to characterize the determinants of enhanced glucose utilization in adipose tissue during catch-up fat. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: White adipose tissue morphometry, lipogenic...

Université de Fribourg

Map kinase phosphatase1 and protein tyrosine phosphatase1 are repressors of salicylic acid synthesis and snc1-mediated responses in Arabidopsis

Bartels, Sebastian ; Anderson, Jeffrey C. ; Besteiro González, Marina A. ; Carreri, Alessandro ; Hirt, Heribert ; Buchala, Antony J. ; Métraux, Jean-Pierre ; Peck, Scott C. ; Ulm, Roman

In: The Plant Cell, 2009, vol. 21, p. 2884-2897

Mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase phosphatases are important negative regulators of the levels and kinetics of MAP kinase activation that modulate cellular responses. The dual-specificity phosphatase MAP KINASE PHOSPHATASE1 (MKP1) was previously shown to regulate MAP KINASE6 (MPK6) activation levels and abiotic stress responses in Arabidopsis thaliana. Here, we report that the mkp1 null...

Université de Fribourg

Characterization and biological function of the ISOCHORISMATE SYNTHASE 2 gene of Arabidopsis thaliana

Garcion, Christophe ; Lohmann, Antje ; Lamodiere, Elisabeth ; Catinot, Jeremy ; Buchala, Antony J. ; Doermann, Peter ; Métraux, Jean-Pierre

In: Plant Physiology, 2009, p. -

Salicylic acid (SA) is an important mediator of plant defense response. In Arabidopsis thaliana, this compound was proposed to derive mainly from isochorismate, itself produced from chorismate through the activity of ICS1 (Isochorismate Synthase1). Null ics1 mutants still accumulate some SA, suggesting the existence of an enzymatic activity redundant with ICS1 or of an alternative...

Université de Fribourg

Benzothiadiazole induces the accumulation of phenolics and improves resistance to powdery mildew in strawberries

Hukkanen, Anne T. ; Kokko, Harri I. ; Buchala, Antony J. ; McDougall, Gordon J. ; Stewart, Derek ; Kärenlampi, Sirpa O. ; Karjalainen, Reijo O.

In: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 2007, vol. 55, no. 5, p. 1862 -1870

Benzothiadiazole (BTH) enhanced the accumulation of soluble and cell-wall-bound phenolics in strawberry leaves and also improved the resistance to powdery mildew infection under greenhouse conditions. The most pronounced change was seen in the levels of ellagitannins, which increased up to 2- to 6-fold 4 days after the BTH application, but persisted only in the inoculated plants. The induction of...

Université de Fribourg

A role for skeletal muscle stearoyl-CoA desaturase 1 in control of thermogenesis

Mainieri, Davide ; Summermatter, Serge ; Seydoux, Josiane ; Montani, Jean-Pierre ; Rusconi, Sandro ; Russell, Aaron P. ; Boss, Olivier ; Buchala, Antony J. ; Dulloo, Abdul G.

In: The FASEB Journal, 2006, vol. 20, no. 10, p. 1751-1753

An enhanced metabolic efficiency for accelerating the recovery of fat mass (or catch-up fat) is a characteristic feature of body weight regulation after weight loss or growth retardation and is the outcome of an "adipose-specific" suppression of thermogenesis, i.e., a feedback control system in which signals from the depleted adipose tissue fat stores exert a suppressive effect on thermogenesis....

Université de Fribourg

Induction of (1→3,1→4)-ß-D-Glucan hydrolases in leaves of dark-incubated barley seedlings

Roulin, Samuel ; Buchala, Antony J. ; Fincher, Geoffrey B.

In: Planta, 2002, vol. 215(1), p. 51 - 59

When seedlings of barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) were transferred from a natural light/dark cycle into darkness, (1M3,1M4)-#-D-glucan endohydrolase (EC 3.2.1.73) activity in leaf extracts increased 3- to 4-fold after 2 days. Activity decreased to normal levels within a day if the light/dark cycle was restored. Although there are two (1M3,1M4)-#-D-glucan endohydrolase...