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Université de Fribourg

Biodiversity effects on grape quality depend on variety and management intensity

Steiner, Magdalena ; Grace, James B. ; Bacher, Sven

In: Journal of Applied Ecology, 2021, p. 1-13

1. Interactions between plants can be beneficial, detrimental or neutral. In agricultural systems, competition between crop and spontaneous vegetation is a major concern. We evaluated the relative support for three non-exclusive ecological hypotheses about interactions between crop and spontaneous plants based on competition, complementarity or facilitation. 2. The study was conducted in...

Université de Fribourg

Ranking alien species based on their risks of causing environmental impacts : A global assessment of alien ungulates

Volery, Lara ; Jatavallabhula, Divija ; Scillitani, Laura ; Bertolino, Sandro ; Bacher, Sven

In: Global Change Biology, 2021, vol. 27, no. 5, p. 1003-1016

For an efficient allocation of the limited resources to alien species management, the most damaging species should be prioritized. Comparing alien species based on their impacts is not straightforward, as the same species can cause different types and magnitudes of impacts when introduced to different contexts, making it difficult to summarize its overall impact. The Environmental Impact...

Université de Fribourg

Understanding uncertainty in the Impact Classification for Alien Taxa (ICAT) assessments

Probert, Anna F. ; Volery, Lara ; Kumschick, Sabrina ; Vimercati, Giovanni ; Bacher, Sven

In: NeoBiota, 2020, vol. 62, p. 387–405

The Environmental Impact Classification for Alien Taxa (EICAT) and the Socio- Economic Impact Classification of Alien Taxa (SEICAT) have been proposed to provide unified methods for classifying alien species according to their magnitude of impacts. EICAT and SEICAT (herein “ICAT” when refered together) were designed to facilitate the comparison between taxa and invasion contexts by using a...

Université de Fribourg

MAcroecological Framework for Invasive Aliens (MAFIA): disentangling large-scale context dependence in biological invasions

Pyšek, Petr ; Bacher, Sven ; Kühn, Ingolf ; Novoa, Ana ; Catford, Jane A. ; Hulme, Philip E. ; Pergl, Jan ; Richardson, David M. ; Wilson, John R. U. ; Blackburn, Tim M.

In: NeoBiota, 2020, vol. 62, p. 407–461

Macroecology is the study of patterns, and the processes that determine those patterns, in the distribution and abundance of organisms at large scales, whether they be spatial (from hundreds of kilometres to global), temporal (from decades to centuries), and organismal (numbers of species or higher taxa). In the context of invasion ecology, macroecological studies include, for example,...

Université de Fribourg

Improving the Environmental Impact Classification for Alien Taxa (EICAT): a summary of revisions to the framework and guidelines

Volery, Lara ; Blackburn, Tim M. ; Bertolino, Sandro ; Evans, Thomas ; Genovesi, Piero ; Kumschick, Sabrina ; Roy, Helen E. ; Smith, Kevin G. ; Bacher, Sven

In: NeoBiota, 2020, vol. 62, p. 547–567

The Environmental Impact Classification for Alien Taxa (EICAT) classifies the impacts caused by alien species in their introduced range in standardised terms across taxa and recipient environments. Impacts are classified into one of five levels of severity, from Minimal Concern to Massive, via one of 12 impact mechanisms. Here, we explain revisions based on an IUCN-wide consultation process...

Université de Fribourg

The importance of assessing positive and beneficial impacts of alien species

Vimercati, Giovanni ; Kumschick, Sabrina ; Probert, Anna F. ; Volery, Lara ; Bacher, Sven

In: NeoBiota, 2020, vol. 62, p. 525–545

Extensive literature is available on the diversity and magnitude of impacts that alien species cause on recipient systems. Alien species may decrease or increase attributes of ecosystems (e.g. total biomass or species diversity), thus causing negative and positive environmental impacts. Alien species may also negatively or positively impact attributes linked to local human communities (e.g....

Université de Fribourg

Frameworks used in invasion science: progress and prospects

Wilson, John R.U. ; Bacher, Sven ; Daehler, Curtis C. ; Groom, Quentin J. ; Kumschick, Sabrina ; Lockwood, Julie L. ; Robinson, Tamara B. ; Zengeya, Tsungai A. ; Richardson, David M.

In: NeoBiota, 2020, vol. 62, p. 1–30

Our understanding and management of biological invasions relies on our ability to classify and conceptualise the phenomenon. This need has stimulated the development of a plethora of frameworks, ranging in nature from conceptual to applied. However, most of these frameworks have not been widely tested and their general applicability is unknown. In order to critically evaluate frameworks in...

Université de Fribourg

Appropriate uses of EICAT protocol, data and classifications

Kumschick, Sabrina ; Bacher, Sven ; Bertolino, Sandro ; Blackburn, Tim M. ; Evans, Thomas ; Roy, Helen E. ; Smith, Kevin

In: NeoBiota, 2020, vol. 62, p. 193–212

The Environmental Impact Classification for Alien Taxa (EICAT) can be used to classify alien taxa according to the magnitude and type of their environmental impacts. The EICAT protocol, classifications of alien taxa using the protocol (EICAT classification) and the data underpinning classifications (EICAT data) are increasingly used by scientists and practitioners such as governments, NGOs...

Université de Fribourg

Application of the Socio-Economic Impact Classification for Alien Taxa (SEICAT) to a global assessment of alien bird impacts

Evans, Thomas ; Blackburn, Tim M. ; Jeschke, Jonathan M. ; Probert, Anna F. ; Bacher, Sven

In: NeoBiota, 2020, vol. 62, p. 123–142

We use a recently proposed framework, the Socio-Economic Impact Classification for Alien Taxa (SEICAT) to undertake the first global assessment of the impacts of alien birds on human well-being. A review of the published literature and online resources was undertaken to collate information on the reported socio-economic impacts of 415 bird species with self-sustaining alien populations...

Université de Fribourg

Projecting the continental accumulation of alien species through to 2050

Seebens, Hanno ; Bacher, Sven ; Blackburn, Tim M. ; Capinha, César ; Dawson, Wayne ; Dullinger, Stefan ; Genovesi, Piero ; Hulme, Philip E. ; Kleunen, Mark ; Kühn, Ingolf ; Jeschke, Jonathan M. ; Lenzner, Bernd ; Liebhold, Andrew M. ; Pattison, Zarah ; Pergl, Jan ; Pyšek, Petr ; Winter, Marten ; Essl, Franz

In: Global Change Biology, 2020, p. gcb.15333

Biological invasions have steadily increased over recent centuries. However, we still lack a clear expectation about future trends in alien species numbers. In particular, we do not know whether alien species will continue to accumulate in regional floras and faunas, or whether the pace of accumulation will decrease due to the depletion of native source pools. Here, we apply a new model to...