Università della Svizzera italiana

Magnesium metabolism in chronic alcohol-use disorder : meta-analysis and systematic review

Vanoni, Flora O. ; Milani, Gregorio P. ; Agostoni, Carlo ; Treglia, Giorgio ; Faré, Pietro B. ; Camozzi, Pietro ; Lava, Sebastiano A. G. ; Bianchetti, Mario G. ; Janett, Simone

In: Nutrients, 2021, vol. 13, no. 6, p. 11

Chronic alcohol-use disorder has been imputed as a possible cause of dietary magnesium depletion. The purpose of this study was to assess the prevalence of hypomagnesemia in chronic alcohol-use disorder, and to provide information on intracellular magnesium and on its renal handling. We carried out a structured literature search up to November 2020, which returned 2719 potentially relevant...

Università della Svizzera italiana

Vitamin D status in adolescents during COVID-19 pandemic : a cross-sectional comparative study

Meoli, Martina ; Muggli, Franco ; Lava, Sebastiano A. G. ; Bianchetti, Mario G. ; Agostoni, Carlo ; Kocher, Claudine ; Bührer, Thomas W. ; Ciliberti, Letizia ; Simonetti, Giacomo D. ; Milani, Gregorio P.

In: Nutrients, 2021, vol. 13, no. 5, p. 7

Vitamin D has been claimed to be effective in the response to infections, including the respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). It is supposed that lockdown measures and fear of SARS-CoV-2 infection might reduce vitamin D levels through the modification of lifestyle. However, very few data exist on the association between lockdown measures and vitamin D status in humans. For this...

Università della Svizzera italiana

Dietary chloride deficiency syndrome : pathophysiology, history, and systematic literature review

Signorelli, Giulia C. ; Bianchetti, Mario G. ; Jermini, Luca M. M. ; Agostoni, Carlo ; Milani, Gregorio P. ; Simonetti, Giacomo D. ; Lava, Sebastiano A. G.

In: Nutrients, 2020, vol. 12, no. 11, p. 10 p

Metabolic alkalosis may develop as a consequence of urinary chloride (and sodium) wasting, excessive loss of salt in the sweat, or intestinal chloride wasting, among other causes. There is also a likely underrecognized association between poor salt intake and the mentioned electrolyte and acid–base abnormality. In patients with excessive loss of salt in the sweat or poor salt intake, the...

Università della Svizzera italiana

Maintenance fluid therapy with saline, dextrose-supplemented saline or lactated Ringer in childhood: short-term metabolic effects

Ricciuti, Alessandra ; Milani, Gregorio P. ; Tarantino, Silvia ; Ghilardi, Roberta ; Lava, Sebastiano A.G. ; Alberzoni, Marco ; Bianchetti, Mario G. ; Agostoni, Carlo

In: Nutrients, 2020, vol. 12, no. 5, p. 8 p

Maintenance with isotonic fluids is recommended in children with gastroenteritis and failure of oral rehydration therapy. However, little is known on the short-term effects of the commonly prescribed intravenous solutions on metabolic balance in children. The aim of this study is to report on our experience with normal saline, dextrose-supplemented saline and lactated Ringer solution. Methods:...

Università della Svizzera italiana

Selective ß2-adrenoceptor agonists and relevant hyperlactatemia : systematic review and meta-analysis

Liedtke, Alina G. ; Lava, Sebastiano A. G. ; Milani, Gregorio P. ; Agostoni, Carlo ; Gilardi, Viola ; Bianchetti, Mario G. ; Treglia, Giorgio ; Faré, Pietro B.

In: Journal of clinical medicine, 2020, vol. 9, no. 1, p. 71

Selective ß2-agonists have been imputed as potential cause of l-hyperlactatemia since the 1970s. To document the prevalence of hyperlactatemia associated with selective ß2-agonists and to investigate the predisposing factors, we searched for published articles until April 2019 pertaining to the interplay of administration of selective ß2-agonists and circulating l-lactic acid in the Excerpta...