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Université de Fribourg

Spatial and temporal analysis of meso- and microplastic pollution in the Ligurian and Tyrrhenian Seas

Caldwell, Jessica ; Muff, Livius F. ; Pham, Christopher K. ; Petri-Fink, Alke ; Rothen-Rutishauser, Barbara ; Lehner, Roman

In: Marine Pollution Bulletin, 2020, vol. 159, p. 111515

Areas like the Mediterranean coastlines, which have high population density, represent locations of high pollution risk for surrounding environments. Thus, this study aims to compare data on the abundance, size, and composition of buoyant plastic particles collected during two weeks in 2019 in the Ligurian and Tyrrhenian Seas with data from 2018. The results from 2019 show average meso- and ...

Université de Fribourg

Partitioning the uncertainty of ensemble projections of global glacier mass change

Marzeion, Ben ; Hock, Regine ; Anderson, Brian ; Bliss, Andrew ; Champollion, Nicolas ; Fujita, Koji ; Huss, Matthias ; Immerzeel, Walter W. ; Kraaijenbrink, Philip ; Malles, Jan‐Hendrik ; Maussion, Fabien ; Radić, Valentina ; Rounce, David R. ; Sakai, Akiko ; Shannon, Sarah ; Wal, Roderik ; Zekollari, Harry

In: Earth’s Future, 2020, vol. 8, no. 7, p. -

Glacier mass loss is recognized as a major contributor to current sea level rise. However, large uncertainties remain in projections of glacier mass loss on global and regional scales. We present an ensemble of 288 glacier mass and area change projections for the 21st century based on 11 glacier models using up to 10 general circulation models and four Representative Concentration Pathways...

Université de Fribourg

Reversed surface-mass-balance gradients on himalayan debris-covered glaciers inferred from remote sensing

Bisset, Rosie R. ; Dehecq, Amaury ; Goldberg, Daniel N. ; Huss, Matthias ; Bingham, Robert G. ; Gourmelen, Noel

In: Remote Sensing, 2020, vol. 12, no. 10, p. 1563

Meltwater from the glaciers in High Mountain Asia plays a critical role in water availability and food security in central and southern Asia. However, observations of glacier ablation and accumulation rates are limited in spatial and temporal scale due to the challenges that are associated with fieldwork at the remote, high-altitude settings of these glaciers. Here, using a...

Université de Fribourg

The impact of climate change and glacier mass loss on the hydrology in the Mont-Blanc massif

Laurent, Léa ; Buoncristiani, Jean‑François ; Pohl, Benjamin ; Zekollari, Harry ; Farinotti, Daniel ; Huss, Matthias ; Mugnier, Jean‑Louis ; Pergaud, Julien

In: Scientific Reports, 2020, vol. 10, no. 1, p. 10420

The Mont-Blanc massif, being iconic with its large glaciers and peaks of over 4,000 m, will experience a sharp increase in summer temperatures during the twenty-first century. By 2100, the impact of climate change on the cryosphere and hydrosphere in the Alps is expected to lead to a decrease in annual river discharge. In this work, we modelled the twenty-first century evolution of runoff in...

Université de Fribourg

Glacier runoff variations since 1955 in the Maipo River basin, in the semiarid Andes of central Chile

Ayala, Álvaro ; Farías-Barahona, David ; Huss, Matthias ; Pellicciotti, Francesca ; McPhee, James ; Farinotti, Daniel

In: The Cryosphere, 2020, vol. 14, no. 6, p. 2005–2027

As glaciers adjust their size in response to climate variations, long-term changes in meltwater production can be expected, affecting the local availability of water resources. We investigate glacier runoff in the period 1955–2016 in the Maipo River basin (4843 km2, 33.0–34.3∘ S, 69.8–70.5∘ W), in the semiarid Andes of Chile. The basin contains more than 800 glaciers, which...

Université de Fribourg

Synoptic conditions and atmospheric moisture pathways associated with virga and precipitation over coastal Adélie Land in Antarctica

Jullien, Nicolas ; Vignon, Étienne ; Sprenger, Michael ; Aemisegger, Franziska ; Berne, Alexis

In: The Cryosphere, 2020, vol. 14, no. 5, p. 1685–1702

Precipitation falling over the coastal regions of Antarctica often experiences low-level sublimation within the dry katabatic layer. The amount of water that reaches the ground surface is thereby considerably reduced. This paper investigates the synoptic conditions and the atmospheric transport pathways of moisture that lead to either virga – when precipitation is completely sublimated –...

Université de Fribourg

Algal growth and weathering crust state drive variability in western Greenland Ice Sheet ice albedo

Tedstone, Andrew J. ; Cook, Joseph M. ; Williamson, Christopher J. ; Hofer, Stefan ; McCutcheon, Jenine ; Irvine-Fynn, Tristram ; Gribbin, Thomas ; Tranter, Martyn

In: The Cryosphere, 2020, vol. 14, no. 2, p. 521–538

One of the primary controls upon the melting of the Greenland Ice Sheet (GrIS) is albedo, a measure of how much solar radiation that hits a surface is reflected without being absorbed. Lower-albedo snow and ice surfaces therefore warm more quickly. There is a major difference in the albedo of snow-covered versus bare-ice surfaces, but observations also show that there is substantial spatio-...

Université de Fribourg

Preliminary video-spatial analysis of cold seep bivalve beds at the base of the continental slope of Israel (Palmahim Disturbance)

Beccari, V. ; Basso, D. ; Spezzaferri, Silvia ; Rüggeberg, A. ; Neuman, A. ; Makovsky, Y.

In: Deep Sea Research Part II: Topical Studies in Oceanography, 2020, vol. 171, p. 104664

Seafloor video surveys were carried out with the ROV Max Rover in the Palmahim Disturbance (PD) area, offshore Israel, in September 2016 during the EUROFLEETS2 SEMSEEP cruise on board the R/V AEGAEO. Preliminary observations of distribution and frequencies of bivalve accumulations show that they are mostly composed by Lucinoma kazani shells. Valves are distributed mainly along the base of...

Université de Fribourg

Macro- and micro-fauna from cold seeps in the Palmahim Disturbance (Israeli off-shore), with description of Waisiuconcha corsellii n.sp. (Bivalvia, Vesicomyidae)

Basso, D. ; Beccari, V. ; Almogi-Labin, A. ; Hyams-Kaphzan, O. ; Weissman, A. ; Makovsky, Y. ; Rüggeberg, A. ; Spezzaferri, Silvia

In: Deep Sea Research Part II: Topical Studies in Oceanography, 2020, vol. 171, p. 104723

Chemosymbiotic micro- and macro-fauna related to cold-seep sites were recovered in the Palmahim Disturbance (PD), offshore Israel, during EU EUROFLEETS2 SEMSEEP Cruise, by box-coring and Remotely Operated Vehicle (ROV) dives. No live macrofauna was identified in the collected sediments, with the exception of the seep-related crustacean Calliax lobata (de Gaillande and Lagardère, 1966)....